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THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
The United States of America is the fourth largest country after Russia, Canada and China. It occupies the southern part of North America and stretches from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. It also includes Alaska and Hawaii. The total area of the country is about 9.5 million square kilometers. The USA borders on Canada and Mexico. It also has a sea-boarder with Russia.
The USA is made up of 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC). The population of the country is about 250 million.
If we look at the map o the USA, we can see mountains and lowlands. The highest mountains are the Rocky Mountains, the Cordillera and the Sierra Nevada. America’s largest rivers are the Mississippi, the Missouri and the Columbia. The Great Lakes on the border with Canada are the largest and the deepest in the USA.
The climate of the country varies greatly. The coldest regions are in the north. The climate of Alaska is arctic. The central part is continental. The south has a subtropical climate.
The USA is a highly developed industrial country. It is the world’s leading producer of copper and oil, iron and coal. The largest cities are New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Detroit, Washington and others.
The seat of the federal government is Washington, DC. The Congress consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. According to the US Constitution the powers of the Government are divided into 3 branches: the executive, headed by the President, the legislative, exercised by the Congress, and the judicial, law courts.
There are two main political parties n the USA the Republican and the Democratic. The President of the USA is George Bush.
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