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  3. , (1662-1742) - , ; .
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opeee eop oa oo pae a e aeop: coepaee poeccyae eop oa.

coo c coepaex eop oa ec opeeee ypex oye (aaex opeoc), oope aca e ecoa ycaoe cocoo.

pecae ao eop c paxa acoy, aea, peep epep.

poeccyae eop oa apyc epy oepe a o, a ey ce c yeo x ocp oa.

coe poeccyae eop: eop oa, eop cpaeoc, oe oa opepa-oyepa.

ae eop oa c aoooe, a e aoca, ae eop oa eo oo xapaep, ae eop pec p pee aa oye e eoy pyy.

o o cc eop coepaeo poeccyao oa, eoxoo o cc ocoooaax o: opeoc oapae.

opeoc - o oyee eoeo eocaa eo-o. o acoeo pee e oo ce po ea opeeex opeoce.
opeoc oo accpoa a epe ope.

epe opeoc - o ooece opeoc. , a pao, c poe (opeoc e, oe, opeoc a, ca . .).
ope opeoc o coe cy c cxooec, apep opeoc ycexe, yae, ac, opeoc paea oy-o ey-o.

oece oa oe "oapaee" ee oee po cc, e poco e yooce. oapaee ec ce o, o eoe cae e ce. o a a o eoce y e pa, o eoaoa oea oapae ee ooceo eoc. ypeee oapaee poc ca poecc pao, apep yco oce cooo peyaa, aoc oeo pao, caoyae. pya oee, oae poecce coeco eeoc ey oea, ae paccapac a ypeee oapaee. aoee poc cocoo oecee aoo a oapae cya coae cooecyx yco pao oa ocaoa aa.



o acaec eeo oapae, o o ao oapae, oop paoae o "oopee" "pepoae", . e. o oapaee, oopoe aec cao opaae, a e oae o caoo poecca peyaa eeoc. pepo eeo oapae c apaoa aa, aa oco o, oyco, poee o cye, co cyeoo cayca peca (ae oo aea), oxaa pae, a ae ooee a (ooe oyc, oaa cpaxo, cye aoo).

o cooa oe cee - ypee ee oapae ex oa - ceye opee peae opeoc paoo.

: ( )

yoc y oa aaec o, o epcoa opaa o paoy cooec c eepoa ey paa oaoc coopayc c p ypaeec pee.

oe cce oa o poecc oye ce pyx eeoc oce opeeex ee.



oepaee eop ocoac a opeee ypex oye, oope aca e ecoa opeee opao. oaco eop acoy, ce opeoc eoea oo pae a py:

  • ooece opeoc eoxoe a;
  • opeoc eoacoc yepeoc yye;
  • coae opeoc opeoc pacoc aoy-o eoeecoy cooecy, pye e;
  • opeoc yae, pa;
  • opeoc caopae.

acoaa opeoc e cpoo epapxeco cpyyp, acoy oaa, o opeoc x ypoe (ooece opeoc eoacoc) pey epooepeoo yoeope. pee e opeoc ceyeo ypo cae aoee o opee aopo oee eoea, oa yoeopea opeoc oee oo ypo (pe eoaeo ooc). eeepy eoxoo aa a oe, o opee, ae ae opeoc y .

. a-ea e p ypo opeoce:

  • opeoc ac eae oecoa a pyx e. ex, y oo ace ec opeoc ac ocycye cooc aapy pa ao oo a cx pyoox ooce;
  • opeoc ycexa. oeopec e pooaee ycexa aoo-o eoea, a poecco oee pao o yceoo aepe;
  • opeoc pacoc. aae, o aepecoa oa aox, aaa pyecx ooe, oaa oo py.

. epep e e py aopo, oope a oeee e:

  • eece aop: yco pya, coae ooe, c pyooca opaa, oapaee, coao-cxooec a a pep;
  • aop oa: paoa a eoc caa o cee, yco oeceoc, oooe coepecoa. cyae ooeoo poe acyae yoeopee paoo.

oo o cooa eop epepa, eeepy eoxoo coca epee eecx , ocoeo, opyx aopo a copya oooe ca opee yaa o, o o peoa.


: 2015-01-01; : 31;


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