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Segment 3




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  1. Mov DS,AX ;on the data segment
  2. Segment 3
  3. Segment 4
  4. Segment 7
19.01 22.04

 

Before you watch the segment read the questions. Then watch the video and choose the true answer(s).

1. When was the first English dictionary created?

a) 1225, b) 1644, c) 1604, d) 1725

 

2. What words do we find in the first English dictionary?

a) every day English words

b) loans from Latin

c) loans from Spanish

d) loans from Greek

f) loans from French

 

3. Who was the dictionary written for?

a) aristocracy

b) scholars

c) ordinary people

d) military men

 

4. Why was the dictionary written?

a) to educate people

b) to explain the new ideas

c) to entertain people

d) to catalogue the new words

 

5. How many literate people were there in that time in England?

a) 1 750 000, b) 1 250 000, c) 1 000 000, d) 500 000

 

Segment 4

31.37 -37.40

 

Before you watchthe segment read the questions. Then watch the video and answer the questions.

1. When was the Globe theatre built?

2. Where had people been attending performances 20 years before the Globe?

3. In what way did the playwrights transform the English language?

4. Why did they do it?

5. How many other theatres could people go to?

6. How many plays and sonnets did W. Shakespeare write?

7. Who makes Shakespeare English its best export?

8. What is his best contribution to the English language?

9. What most famous expressions did he coin?

 

Discussion Forum Power point presentation, role play, a study map, an essay)

Talking points:

1. Renaissance of English.

2. W. Shakespeare and his contribution to the development of English.

3. Defeat of the Spanish Armanda and its economic and linguistic result. 4. Educational role of the first English dictionary.

 

 

Section III Speaking Proper

The Adventure of English ( 2002), film 6 Speaking Proper

Video off

Before you watch the film read about its heroes and events described in it.

 

The British Genius

 

Literature and science are the two fields of artistic and intellectual endeavour in which the British can be safely said to excel. And in each field Britain has produced an outstanding genius: William Shakespeare and Isaac Newton (1642-1727).



Perhaps Newtons most wonderful individual achievements among many were his laws of motion and the great law of gravitation published in the Principia in 1687. A ambridge philosopher and mathematician, he was a member of the Royal Society, one of the oldest scientific societies in the world and one which established London as a leading scientific centre. It has numbered among its members many of Britains most distinguished men of science.

 

The Royal Society

 

The Societys origin dates back to about 1645 when a group of virtuosi (men who loved to dabble in science) who had studied the teachings of Galileo began to meet in London. These gatherings led in 1660 to a learned society for the newly discovered scientific method. In 1662 Charles II never one to discourage enquiring minds granted a royal charter to what now became known as the Royal Society for Improving Natural Knowledge. Half a century earlier, such a body would have conducted its proceedings in Latin; but at the Royal Society English was used from the first.

One of the Societys early members was Sir Robert Boyle (1627-91) the father of modern chemistry who recognized the importance of publishing scientific discovery and observation. His law on the behaviour of gases began a long chain of discoveries culminating in the nuclear physics of the present century.



Henry Cavendish (1731-1810), another fellow of the Royal Society, gave his name to one of the Britains great centers of scientific discovery, the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge; he was the first to measure the force of gravity and to weigh planet Earth.

But perhaps the best remembered of Britains scientists is known not for his physics or chemistry but the theory of natural selection. Charles Darwins great work, The Origin of Species, published in 1859, won its latest legal battle for acceptance as opposed to the biblical view of creation as recently as 1982.

 

Samuel Johnson (1709-84)

 

Johnson, the author of A Dictionary of the English Language, was born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, the son of a provincial bookseller. He studied for a while at Oxford, but lack of money caused him to leave after a year. He became a teacher and writer, moving to London in 1737, where he wrote for The Gentlemans Magazine. He also helped catalogue the library of the Earl of Oxford.

Plan of a Dictionary of the English Language appeared in 1747. It took him over a seven-year period to write definitions of 40,000 words, to illustrate their use from the best authors since the time of the Elizabethans and to complete the whole work. The book, according to his biographer Boswell, conferred stability on the language and at least with respect to spelling (where most of Johnsons choices are found in modern pracrice), this seems to be so. The Preface stresses that his aim is to not form, but register the language; and it is this principle which introduces a new era in lexicography.



The book dominated the dictionary market for decades, and appeared in several editions for much of the next century.


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