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Read the following conversational situations, intone the replies according to the suggested attitudinal meanings and read them properly.

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  7. Ex. Interpret the following texts
  8. Ex.Interpret the following passages using the given words
  9. Give English equivalents to the following words and word combinations using the text.
  10. III. Answer the following questions.

Statements (conveying personal concern; sounding light, airy, warm)

When's the concert? Next Sunday. Next Wednesday.

It's going to be a fine place. So it seems. So I've heard.

What was the show like? First rate. Simply splendid.

It's not very valuable, is it? It cost over three hundred pounds.

We'll never get there. It's not as far as you imagine.

Which would you like, tea or coffee? I'd prefer tea.

I may be a bit late. That wouldn't matter in the least.

Special questions (sounding interested, brisk, business-like)

I've just seen that new musi­cal. What's it called?

"Underneath the Arches." What did you think of it?

Quite good, really. Who composed the music?

John Adams, I think his name is. Which theatre is it playing at?

"The Prince of Wales." Which exactly is "The Prince of Wales"?

The one near Piccadilly Circus. How did you get there?

By a fourteen bus. I can't bear the Underground. Why didn't you go by tube?

General questions (conveying mildly surprised ac­ceptance of the listener's prem­ises; sometimes sceptical)

D'you think I should ring him? Mightn't it be better to wait?

I hate the thought of spring cleaning. Ought we to delay it any long­er, though?

I don't really want to meet them. Will you be able to get out of it?

I'm sorry, but I hate cocoa. Would you like a cup of tea, then?

Thank you for all you've done. Is there anything else I can do to help?

He's promised to stop smoking. Does he really mean what he says?

Imperatives (sounding lively; suggesting a course of action to the listener)

I hate quarrelling with Clara. Then make it up with her.

I shan't be able to phone you. Drop me a line, then.

Sorry I forgot to change my shoes. Just look at the mud you've brought in here.

I can't think what to say. Don't say anything at all. Leave it entirely to me.

What shall I do with this? Put it in the waste paper basket.

Exclamations (conveying mild surprise)

He won't give us permission. So that's that.

I gave him a piece of my mind. Well done! Good for you!

Tom has passed his exam. Well fancy that!

I've just become a father. Congratulations, my dear chap!

I forgot every word about it. What a fine mess you've made of things!

We'll go there on Friday. The sooner the better!

I'm sorry to have to vote against you. A fine friend you turned out to be!



But why didn't you tell me? - So sorry.

That's Ben. - I thought his face was familiar.

Where shall we go this year? - Somewhere in Devon would make a good change.

Can I borrow your ruler? - I seem to have ­mislaid mine.

All the tunes containing more than one nuclear tone are called com­pound. The Fall+Rise is a combination of the High Fall and the Low Rise.

The fall and the rise always occur on separate syllables. The fall starts from a very high level and ends very low. Any syllables occurring between the High Fall and the Low Rise are said on a very low pitch. Notional words are stressed. The falling part marks the idea which the speaker wants to emphasise and the rising part marks an addition to this main idea.

The combination of the High Fall with the Low Rise is used in sentenc­es expressing highly emotional reaction to the situation. It is often heard:

1. In statements, sounding apologetic, appreciative, grateful, regretful, sympathetic, persuasively reassuring, pleading, plaintive. e.g. Whose turn is it then? - It's mine actually. How did this get broken? - I'm most terribly sorry.

2. In questions: a) In special questions, sounding plaintive, pleading, weary, despairing; sometimes warm, sympathetic.e.g. Sorry I'm late. - Oh why can't you come on time for once?

b) In general questions,conveying a plaintive, pleading, some­times impatient tone. e.g. He played very badly today. - Will he ever be any better d'you think?

3. In imperatives, sounding plaintive, pleading, reproachful. e.g. It's all so depressing. - Cheer up. It can't last for ever. I've nothing to do with it. - Now do be reasonable, Charles.

4. In exclamations, warm, sympathetic, encouraging, some­times plaintive, puzzled, surprised. Greetings and leave-takings sound pleasant and friendly being pro­nounced this way. e.g. Good night, Peggy. - Good night, Mrs. Smith. See you on Friday. - Right you are!

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