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I. Reading.

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  1. Practise the text for test reading.

Read (he text and choose the best answer (A-D) to complete the sentences (1-4).


Christmas is probably the most festive time of the year, a season of gift-giving and

celebration. We all know that Christmas is a religious holiday which marks the birth of Jesus Christ. But did you also know that some of the traditions are adapted from rituals dating back to the time before Christianity? Many pagan peoples regarded the winter solstice as a time of celebration. Anticipating the return of spring, people decorated their homes with evergreen plants, a symbol of eter­nal life. Mistletoe was especially popular, as it was believed to have magic powers. People hung sprigs of mistletoe in their homes and kissed beneath them as a gesture of friendship. At pagan festivals there was also a lot of singing and dancing going on - “dancing in a circle” is the original meaning of the word “carol”.

Still now we keep these traditions up: we sing Christmas carols and dance around in circles, we kiss beneath the mistletoe and we decorate our homes with Christmas trees. By the way, did you know that it was a German who set the trend of decorating Christmas trees in England? It was Prince Albert, Queen Victoria’s husband. When he moved to Eng­land, Christmas trees had already been popular in continental Europe, but not in England. In 1841, Prince Albert put up a Christmas tree at Windsor Castle. The event was reported in the press; and as the whole country was very keen on the royal family, people enthusi­astically took up the custom of decorating a tree at Christmas.


1. What did pagan peoples celebrate at this time of the year?

A. the birth of Jesus Christ B. the winter solstice

C. the magic powers of mistletoe D. the New Year coming


2. What does the word “carol” originally mean?

A. to dance in a circle B. to sing Christmas songs

C. to sing and dance around the Christmas tree D. to play games at Christmas


3. According to the text, which statement is correct?

A. The royal family were the first Europeans who had a Christmas tree.

B. Many people went to Windsor Castle to see the Christmas tree.

C. Prince Albert brought the tradition of putting up a Christmas tree to Britain.

D. Christmas trees had been already popular in England.


4. Did people support the idea of decorating a Christmas tree?

A. People didn’t like this idea.

B. People eagerly took up the custom of decorating a tree at Christmas.

C. People only supported the idea of celebrating Christmas.

D. People didn’t want to decorate Christmas trees.


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