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ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (II)

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  1. ESSENTIAL COURSE
  2. Exercise 6. Answer the following questions using active vocabulary.
  3. Exercise 8. Work in pairs. Translate the following two texts into Ukrainian. Use Vocabulary 3–4 and Exercises 3A–4A in case of difficulties.
  4. Grammar and Vocabulary Exercises
  5. I. Study the vocabulary that is useful to talk about life events
  6. IX. Study Vocabulary Notes and translate the illustrative examples into Russian.
  7. Key-vocabulary to Unit 1
  8. Read the dialogues in pairs, noting the most essential patterns of asking and accepting help.
  9. THE ENGLISH VOCABULARY AS AN ADAPTIVE SYSTEM. NEOLOGISMS

Words

Some popular sports

archery skating artistic

gymnastics (callisthenics) skiing boxing

cross-country skiing car (motorcycle) racing down-hill skiing

cycling ski-jump diving

slalom fencing sky diving (parachuting)

figure-skating swimming gymnastics

weight-lifting gliding windsurfing

hang gliding wrestling mountaineering

arm-wrestling rowing and canoeing yachting

athletics (track-and-field) marathon (race) discus (hammer, javelin)

pole vault (vaulting) throwing race/run

high (long, triple) jump shot putting hurdle races

steeplechase

Some popular games

Open-air games

badminton n net-ball n[56]

basket-ball n rugby n (colloq. rugger)

cricket n (lawn) tennis n

football n (colloq. soccer) volley-ball n

golf n water polo

hockey n

Indoor games

chess n squash n

draughts n table-tennis n

Sports Terms

amateur (professional) sport cup (final, semi-final) match

indoor (outdoor or open-air) sports championship n, е.g. national

football championship sport n

compete v sports n = events

competition n, е.g. inter- sports adj, е.g. sports jacket

college cup competition (shirt)

con'test v sporting adj

'contest n, е.g. world gym nastics tournament n

contest (rivalry in singing, beauty)

Participants

crew n (used for sportsmen opponent (rival) n

rowing or sailing a boat) sportsman (athlete) n

national (Olympic, college) sportswoman n team

official (umpire, referee, judge) n

Audience

fan (colloq.) n, е.g. a foot- spectator n

ball fan sports enthusiast

shout for v support v

Scoring system

best (record, fastest) time point n, е.g. How many

defeat v points have they won?

draw n, е.g. The match runner-up n

ended in a draw. score n, е.g. The score of the

draw v, е.g. The two teams drew. game was 6:4 (six to four).

goal n score v, е.g. He scored

lose v 20 points. Neither side

loser n scored in the game (нe

victory n забила гол).

Competition sites and sports equipment

barbell n net n

beam n play-ground n

chessboard n puck n

chessman n racket n

club (stick) n rings n

discus n ski jump

draughtsman n sports hall



gym n boxing gloves

javelin n trampoline (батут) n

jumping (spring) board uneven (parallel), asymmetric bars

Word Combinations

athletic training to win the team (personal,

to follow a tournament national, world) champion-

(competition, etc.) ship

to kick the ball to win by 2 (3, etc.) goals

to score a goal (20 points) (points)

to keep the score to win with the score 4 to 0

to end a game in a draw in smb.'s favour

(to draw a game) to set up (break) a record

to win a prize (a cup, the record holder

victory) the world (national, European) record


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