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Английский язык. Тема “Violence (Types of Crimes)”




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Тема “Violence (Types of Crimes)”

TASK 1. Here are some English verbs connected with crime and law. Match the expressions with their definitions:

to commit a crime or an offence to swear in court that one is guilty or otherwise
to accuse someone of a crime to punish someone by putting them in prison
to charge someone with (murder) to have a case judged in court
to plead guilty or not guilty to decide in court that someone is not guilty
to defend/prosecute someone in court to do something illegal
to pass a verdict on an accused person to bring someone to court
to sentence someone to a punishment to say someone is guilty
to acquit an accused person of a charge to set someone free after a prison sentence
to convict someone what the judge does after a verdict of guilty
to fine someone a sum of money to argue for or against someone in a trial
to send someone to prison to decide in court that someone is guilty
to release someone from prison/jail to punish someone by making them pay
to be tried to decide whether they are guilty or not

TASK 2. Fill in the blanks with one of the verbs from Task 1:

One of the two accused men ___________ at yesterday’s trial. Although his lawyer __________ him very well, he was still found guilty by the jury. The judge __________ him to two years in prison. He’ll probably _______ after eighteen months. The other accused man was luckier. He _________ and left the courtroom smiling broadly.

TASK 3. Match these terms with their definitions:

(A)

1. Deterrence 2. Legislator 3. Convict 4. Arsonist 5. Thief 6. Smuggler 7. Bigamist 8. Accomplice a) sets fire to property illegally; b) brings goods into a country illegally without paying tax; c) a member of a body which gives or makes laws; d) helps a criminal in a criminal act; e) measures taken to prevent hostile action; f) is someone who steals; g) a person serving a prison sentence; h) marries illegally, being married already.

(B)

1. Retribution 2. Case study 3. Rehabilitation 4. Spy 5. Assassin 6. Hijacker 7. Robber 8. Shop-lifter a) a detailed analysis of a criminal person or group; b) murders for political reasons or a reward; c) something given or demanded in repayment, especially punishment; d) steals from shops while acting as an ordinary customer; e) guidance and instruction given to offenders, their beneficial treatment aimed at restitution of positive skills and attitudes; f) takes control of a plane by force and makes the pilot change course; g) gets secret information from another country; h) attacks and robs people, often in the street.

TASK 4. Give the Russian equivalents for the following expressions and sentences:



1. Law-abiding

2. Short-term imprisonment

3. Driving in excess of the speed limit

4. Murdering a policeman during a robbery

5. Stealing $1,000 from a bank by fraud

6. Grievous bodily harm (almost killing someone)

7. Punishment is an ancient practice whose presence in modern cultures may appear to be out of place because it purposefully inflicts pain. In the minds of most people, however, it continues to find justification.

8. Causing death by dangerous driving

9. Long-term imprisonment



10. Stealing $1,000 from a bank by threatening someone with a gun

11. Malicious wounding (e.g. stabbing someone in a fight)

12. Possession of a gun without a licence

13. Selling drugs

14. For the most history punishment has been both painful and public in order to act as deterrent to others. Corporal punishments and public humiliations were social events and carried out in most accessible parts of towns.

TASK 5. Give the English equivalents for the following expressions:

a) телесные наказания;

b) смертная казнь;

c) пожизненное тюремное заключение;

d) непредумышленное убийство;

e) отбыть срок в тюрьме;

f) мошенничество;

g) смягчить приговор;

h) приговаривать к смерти.

TASK 6. Answer the following questions in writing:

1. Why was capital punishment imposed so frequently in ancient societies?

2. Why did ancient punishment have to be painful?

3. Is imprisonment effective for revolutionaries and terrorists? Why?


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