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Macr; Asking Questions




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  6. B. Find the answers to the following questions in the passage given bellow. Put the passage in the correct order to form the text (use questions as the prompt)
  7. B. Predict the answers to the questions before reading
  8. B. Read the text and find the answers to the following questions.
  9. B. Read the text below and find answers to the following questions.
  10. C. Answer the questions.

 

When asking for information, we use four basic types of questions. Each type of question has the certain sentence structure. The question structure reflects different assumptions that a person asking for information had made before he started asking questions. For example, these different structures allow lawyers to research the problem and collect the information they need to succeed in a legal contest and hence help a client.

 

Type Example Structure (word order) Answer   Meaning (what the person asking the question supposes)
    YES/NO   Did your neighbor play loud music last night?   AV*– subject- verb   Yes, my neighbor played loud music last night.   No, my neighbor did not play loud music last night.     Your neighbor played loud music last night.
    WH-*   What time did your neighbor play loud music?     WH- AV –subject- verb   My neighbor played loud music at 2 a.m.     Your neighbor played loud music at specific time.  
    NEGATIVE   Didn’t your neighbor play loud music last night?   AVn’t -subject -verb   Yes, my neighbor played loud music last night. No, my neighbor did not play loud music last night.     Your neighbor played loud music last night, but gives you a chance to disagree.
    TAG   Your neighbor played loud music last night, didn’t he?   subject – (AV) verb - , AVn’t - subject   Yes, my neighbor played loud music last night. No, my neighbor did not play loud music last night.   Your neighbor played loud music, and expects you to agree with him.
           

 

 

*AV - auxiliary verb or modal verb (be, have, do, will, shall, would, should, can, may, must)

 

*WH - what, where, when, why, which, who, + how


EXERCISE 12.Read the text given below. Make up questions that may lead to further classroom discussion. Ask your questions to your classmates.



LAW AND RELIGION

 

Law has much in common with religion. Like religion, law is a means of regulating human conduct. It defines a society’s vision of “good” and “evil”. Indeed, laws enacted by government often reflect moral, religious values. For example, the US states have regularly passed laws protecting marriage and regulating other forms of sexual conduct. In early US history, some states severely punished sexual activity outside marriage. In 1785 Massachusetts law allowed public whipping of a man or woman found guilty of adultery and death for homosexual intercourse. Many states continue to make adultery an offence. In Idaho, a person can still be imprisoned for up to three years for adultery.

 

EXERCISE 13.Translate the given passage into English.

Право – это совокупность норм, охраняемых силой государства. С помощью права государство регулирует наиболее важные общественные отношения. Норм права очень много. Например, нормы, регулирующие отношения между гражданами,составляют гражданское или частное право. Отношения между государством и гражданином относятся к сфере публичного права.

В современном обществе существует много методов формального и неформального социального контроля. К неформальным механизмам социального контроля можно отнести моральные и нравственные устои, религиозные убеждения, общественные традиции и обычаи. Право является одной из форм формального социального контроля. В развитых политически организованных обществах различные законы регулируют отношения между гражданами, между гражданами и государством, а также отношения между различными странами.



 


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