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Exercise 1. Find cases of metonymy in the following sentences and translate into Russian.

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  1. Additional Exercise
  2. Answer the following questions with one word or phrase.
  3. B Watch section 1. While watching number these sentences in the correct order from 1 to 6.
  4. B. Complete the following sentences with the Past Simple Tense of the verbs of the previous exercise.
  5. B. Write sentences in the way shown.
  6. C Use a dictionary to check any underlined phrases that are new. Then discuss with your partner whether you think the sentences are true or false.
  7. C./ translate the following sentences; mind the ways of rendering the geographical names.
  8. Choose between the infinitive and the gerund as the object to an adjective in the following sentences
  9. Complete the following using the Infinitive
  10. Complete the sentences 1-10 below with the gerund as subject. You should use your own variants. The first is given for you.

1. The world was insane, and I no longer wished to have anything to do with it.

2. There was a further knock on the front door, then silence, and I raged at the stupidity of the country police.

3. Very soon afterwards there was a concerned official face staring at me through the jagged hole in the glass of the kitchen door.

4. As soon as he cut me free, he insisted on providing the immemorial English answer to all the major crises of the existence and motherly watched me down two cups of his dark brown tea.

5. I had to disillusion him as to the lengths to which the literary London will go in pursuing me for my "ungainly" book.

6. I understand the commune was subsequently raided, but nothing more incriminating was found than the inevitable cannabis.

7. I spent a month of misery, I suppose, in something very like a profound sulk.

8. A carbon of the first three typed-out chapters had remained in London.

9. I have tried my best, but I may have exaggerated, especially in the attempts to transcribe my persecutor's dialogue.

10. I have a small vice, I am rather fond of watching football matches, the sight of so much mindless energy devoted to the modern equivalent of the Roman circus.

Exercise 2. Analyze the metonymic usage of “the Smithsonian” in the following text and find various correspondences depending on the context in the English language. Translate the text into Russian.

The Smithsonian Institution brings to life the American cultural, social, scientific, and artistic treasures and heritage. It was born from the generous legacy of James Smithson, a wealthy English scientist, and created by an act of Congress in 1846 to carry out the terms of Smithson's will. Today the Smithsonian has become the largest complex of museums, art galleries, and research facilities in the world. The Smithsonian includes 14 museums -- from the National Air and Space Museum to the National Zoological Park. About 20 million visitors come to the museums each year, and millions more share in the Smithsonian through travelling exhibitions displayed across the United States and abroad, magazines and educational programmes. It took the Smithsonian 5 years (1978-1983) to complete the first comprehensive inventory of its collections. The collections continue to grow, and only a tiny percentage of them is on display in the Smithsonian museums at any one time. In addition, the Smithsonian has a number of special research facilities,, such as an animal conservation and research centre near Front Royal, Virginia; a marine station at Fort Pierce, Florida; and an astrophysical station near Tucson, Arizona. Smithsonian research, now well into its second century, is still just beginning.

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