АстрономияБиологияГеографияДругие языкиДругоеИнформатикаИсторияКультураЛитератураЛогикаМатематикаМедицинаМеханикаОбразованиеОхрана трудаПедагогикаПолитикаПравоПсихологияРиторикаСоциологияСпортСтроительствоТехнологияФизикаФилософияФинансыХимияЧерчениеЭкологияЭкономикаЭлектроника
The men who run Britain
In Britain the result of the election usually becomes clear
The fact that many Cabinet Ministers now live ''above the shop" makes the transition more fierce, for overnight they lose not only their office but their house. The residence of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, at Number 11, Downing Street, has only one door, so that the change is visible to any passers-by: out of that door must come the old Chancellor, his family, trunks, packing cases and empty bottles. But behind this change there is a heavy flywheel that keeps its momentum and survives any transition: the great machine of the permanent Civil Service.
Only about a hundred men change their offices in Whitehall after the election (another hundred may become parliamentary private secretaries with a loose relationship with their office). In the United States thousands change their jobs; in France, which has an equally powerful permanent
When new ministers arrive, the officials are studiously
The civil servants are very conscious of the nature of their bargain with the politicians. As one permanent secretary put it:
"We say to them, in effect, that their dirty linen is safe with us. If we can't promise them that, then they'll take the dirty linen somewhere else."
The civil servants know that the politicians that the civil servants know more than they; even if they lean over backwards not to take advantage of it, the politicians are abound to be resentful. A special awkwardness is apparent at those occasions, like embassy receptions, where civil servants and politicians of both parties are invited together. The discarded leaders have to watch the men who only a few days before were their closest colleagues, chatting and smiling with the enemy, looking just as friendly and confidential as ever they were to them.