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The table of the useful vocabulary

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Term Definition Example



Task 16. Symbols can replace words. Guess what the following note means

JFK – 35th pres. of US.

(The answer is: John F. Kennedy was (–) the 35th president of the United States.


Here are some symbols. Write down the words they can substitute.


=   +  
<   #  
>   i.e.  
£, $   “ ”  
=   %  
  1978 →  
  ← 2010  
@   &  


Task 17.Listen to 10 short statements. Take notes in as few words as possible. Use note-taking symbols and abbreviations where appropriate. Compare your notes in small groups.


Task 18.Listen to 12 short statements. Take informative notes in as few words as possible. Use note-taking symbols, abbreviations, key words, indentation, and connecting lines where appropriate. Compare your notes in small groups.

(Tasks are adopted from Learn to Listen. Listen to Learn. P.23, 25)



Task 19. To check yourself do some on-line exercises







Task 20. Put in semicolons, colons, dashes, quotation marks, Italics (use an underline), and parentheses where ever they are needed in the following sentences.


1. The men in question Harold Keene, Jim Peterson, and Gerald Greene deserve awards.

2. Several countries participated in the airlift Italy, Belgium, France, and Luxembourg.

3. Only one course was open to us surrender, said the ex-major, and we did.

4. Judge Carswell later to be nominated for the Supreme Court had ruled against civil rights.

5. In last week's New Yorker, one of my favorite magazines, I enjoyed reading Leland's article How Not to Go Camping.

6. Yes, Jim said, I'll be home by ten.

7. There was only one thing to do study till dawn.

8. Montaigne wrote the following A wise man never loses anything, if he has himself.

9. The following are the primary colors red, blue, and yellow.

10. Arriving on the 8 10 plane were Liz Brooks, my old roommate her husband and Tim, their son.

11. When the teacher commented that her spelling was poor, Lynn replied All the members of my family are poor spellers. Why not me?

12. He used the phrase you know so often that I finally said No, I don't know.

13. The automobile dealer handled three makes of cars Volkswagens, Porsches, and Mercedes Benz.

14. Though Phil said he would arrive on the 9 19 flight, he came instead on the 10 36 flight.

15. Whoever thought said Helen that Jack would be elected class president?

16. In baseball a show boat is a man who shows off.

17. The minister quoted Isaiah 5 21 in last Sunday's sermon.

18. There was a very interesting article entitled The New Rage for Folk Singing in last Sunday's New York Times newspaper.

19. Whoever is elected secretary of the club Ashley, or Chandra, or Aisha must be prepared to do a great deal of work, said Jumita, the previous secretary.

20. Darwin's On the Origin of Species 1859 caused a great controversy when it appeared.


Task 21. Add commas as needed in the sentences below. On the line to the left of each sentence, write the number of the appropriate comma rule. If the sentence is correct as it is, write C on the line and refer to the appropriate rule in parentheses after the sentence.


_____ He left the scene of the accident and tried to forget that it had happened.

_____ Oil which is lighter than water rises to the surface.

_____ Madame de Stael was an attractive gracious lady.

_____ Nice is a word with many meanings and some of them are contradictory.

_____ The contractor testified that the house was completed and that the work had been done properly.

_____ Some people refuse to go to the zoo because of pity for creatures that must live in small cages.

_____ Taxicabs that are dirty are illegal in some cities.

_____ The closet contained worn clothes old shoes and dirty hats.

_____ The uninvited guest wore a dark blue tweed suit.

_____ After surviving this ordeal the trapper felt relieved.

_____ Mark Twain's early novels I believe stand the test of time.

_____ December 7 1941 will never be forgotten.

_____ The field was safe enough wasn't it?

_____ Write the editor of the Atlantic 8 Arlington Street Boston Massachusetts 02116.

_____ He replied "I have no idea what you mean."

_____ After a good washing and grooming the pup looked like a new dog.

_____ Because of their opposition to institutions that force creatures to live in captivity some people refuse to go to the zoo.

_____ Men who are bald are frequently the ones who are the most authoritative on the subject of baldness.

_____ Vests which were once popular have been out of vogue for several years.

_____ As a celestial goddess she regulated the course of the heavenly bodies and controlled the alternating seasons.

_____ I hope that someday he will learn how to be polite.


Task 22. Put in commas wherever they are needed in the following sentences.


1. There was no question that John's painting a huge colorful and ugly mural was the worst entry in the art exhibit.

2. Werner von Braun Willy Ley and Edward Teller noted authorities in the field of rocket development have done much to guide the missile program of the United States.

3. Mr. Cready's ability to say the wrong thing at the wrong time is I believe amazing.

4. Running around the house the dog was abruptly stopped by a fence.

5. If the opposition should win our candidate would never have any political future.

6. Gracefully lightly and daintily the ballerina moved across the stage.

7. Glamour the woman's fashion magazine recently incorporated with Charm another fashion journal.

8. Joe was born on May 7 1955 and his best friend was born exactly two months later on July 7 1955.

9. Mr. and Mrs. Kwon my parents' best friends sat in front of us at the football game.

10. November 11 1918 the armistice ending World War I was signed.



1. The problems involved in this operation are I think numerous.

2. Celene who does not usually tell anyone what she feels said she didn't want to go to the dance.

3. To get tickets for some Broadway musicals one has to order three months in advance.

4. Listening to the radio Jun heard an announcement that Spangler his own dog was lost.

5. I used to live at 16689 Sutton Avenue Milpitas California but we have since moved to 1895 Holland Way Dubuque Iowa.

6. The Valley of the Moon the name of a section in Napa County California is the heart of the state's wine producing area.

7. Chris did not see how he could organize write and proofread this paper in only two hours.

8. By the pilings of the old pier I found four starfish a clam and a sea anemone.

9. Yes Helen did mention that all three of you were coming for lunch.

10. I believe therefore that fraternities are good influences on a college campus.



1. The girl with the bright friendly smile wore a bright green scarf to celebrate St. Patrick's Day.

2. As he read the Chekhov story he became aware of the Russian's genius.

3. Dauphin Island located off the coast of Alabama is a favorite spot for fishing.

4. She was as a matter of fact mainly interested in showing off her vocabulary.

5. I often go to the seashore and collect rocks there.

6. Before reaching the summit the climbers were forced by a storm to turn back.

7. Did you know that James Agee the novelist and poet was also a film critic?

8. Lady Jane Grey was the queen of England from July 10 1553 to July 19 1553.

9. Joseph registered for English 101 History 204 and Biology 106.

10. After discussing "Rain" we agreed that Somerset Maugham could really tell a good story.

11. Squaw Valley California the scene of the winter Olympics in 1960 is a ski resort.

12. Tomorrow I believe is the last day to register to vote in the November general election.

13. To perform well on Saturday afternoon the athlete must train every day of the week.

14. Understanding history increases your understanding of today's world.

15 Meg Fischer my cousin hopes to graduate from law school in two years.

16. He reads everything: road maps want ads and cereal boxes.

17. Having cut the roses she decided to bring them to her friend in the hospital.

18. "When" Jaime asked "will you return my book?"



1. We went to Bar Harbor but did not take the ferry to Nova Scotia.

2. The ginkgo tree whose leaves turn bright yellow in the fall came to this country from Asia.

3. The address for the governor's mansion is 391 West Ferry Road Atlanta Georgia.

4. The villagers enjoyed fairs festivals and good conversation.

5. When the intermission was over the members of the audience moved back to their seats.

6. Andy took the elevator to the third floor rushed into the office and asked to see his father.

7. When he stumbled over your feet William was clumsy not rude.

8. She listened to her favorite record with close careful attention.

9. Jillian who had worked in the dress shop all summer hoped to work there again during the Christmas holidays.

10. Go the first traffic light turn left and then look for a yellow brick building on the north side of the street.

11. Once she has graduated I do not know where she is going or what she is planning to do.

12. "Oh no" Max exclaimed "I think that Dr. Holmes was referring to Eliot the novelist not Eliot the poet."

13. Below the fields stretched out in a hundred shades of green.

14. To understand the purpose of the course the student needs to read the syllabus.

15. All students are eligible to receive tickets but must go to the athletic office to pick them up.

16. Thomas Paine's pamphlet appeared in Philadelphia Pennsylvania on January 9 1776.

17. You don't want any more hamburgers do you?


To check your ANSWERS go to:








Key-vocabulary to Unit 3

Apprehension Hereditary Predominantly
Astonishment Humble Relevancy
Brute Hunch Quadruple
Bumble along Igneous Scroll
Cloak Intertwined Strive for
Daunting Intrinsically Subsequently
Denominator Liberate Subvert
Devastate Obsession with Suffice
Drop out of Penalise Tag
Equate Pester Utter


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