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EXERCISES. 1. Bead the text and explain the following points (A
1. Bead the text and explain the following points (A. Grammar, B. Word usage, C. Style):
A.1. Explain the use of tenses in: a) the second sentence of the text; b) the following sentence: "A middle-aged man was talking earnestly to a young lady...".
2. Point out sentences in which oblique moods are used and explain the meaning conveyed by the form of the verb in each case.
3. Comment on the use of the auxiliary did in "he did act".
4. Why is the indefinite article used before the word director in "I am not, alas, a director"?
B.1. Explain the meaning of "the next window but one". (Make up sentences of your own with the pattern "the next ... but one".)
2. Find a pair of antonyms in the passage beginning with "In a flash" and explain their meanings. Use them in sentences of your own.
3. What is the meaning of the word platform in the following fragment: ... "On the platform," he answered. "You mean," said I, "that you recite at concerts?"
4. Comment on the meaning of keep in "Many Americans ... cannot afford to keep friends in England" (cf.: to keep dogs, horses, to keep a cat, a canary, etc.). What is the effect achieved by the unusual word combination to keep friends and by the whole sentence ("Many Americans cannot afford to keep friends in England", i. e. some of them can and probably do)?
5. How do you understand the words feeling out of it in "It prevents them from feeling out of it"?
C.1. a) What is the author's purpose in using inversion in: "framed in the window ... was the face of our friend"? b) Why is the word stranger repeated four times in the second part of the same sentence? What is the effect achieved by the repetition?
2. What is the effect achieved by the syntactical parallelism in the passage beginning with "Of course it is worth it"? ("It prevents them...", "It earns them...", "It saves them...")
3. Point out passages bearing touches of humour. Does the author present the character of Le Ros seriously or humorously? (ironically? satirically? mockingly?) Illustrate your answer by sentences from the story.
II. a) Write the transcribed words in traditional spelling. Explain the rules for reading. Think of some other words spelled in the same way:
1. klRsp, pRs, lRst; 2. 'prPspqrqs, "kPnSI'enSqs, "kPnSqs, 'Pbviqs, ' xNkSqs; 3. saIt, laIt, dI'laIt; 4. E:n, 'E:nINz, 'E:nIstlir; ges, 'veIgI.
b) Mark the stresses and explain the reading rules. Translate the words into Russian:
hospitable — hospitality; prosperous — prosperity; festive — festivity; final — finality.
III. a) Write oat from the story the sentences with the following words:
stiff — awkward; obviously — evidently; earnestly — gravely; to recognize — to identify; prosperous — rich; to force — to pump up.
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