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Lesson 13. Means of Travelling




Читайте также:
  1. Ex.1. Complete the examples with the key words from this lesson.
  2. II. Find in the text of the lesson terminological word-combinations consisting of two or more components. Translate them into Ukrainian.
  3. III. Make dialogues using words, word-combinations and expressions from this lesson. Work in pairs.
  4. Lesson 1
  5. LESSON 1
  6. Lesson 1. BREAKING THE ICE
  7. LESSON 10
  8. LESSON 12
  9. Lesson 2. Daily LIFE

 

Pre-reading

Task 1. Answer the questions:

1) What do you think, what is this text about?

2) What means of travelling do you know?

3) How would you like to travel? Why?

Task 2. While reading this text find any advantages and disadvantages of different means of travelling and make your own conclusion according to your research: Which is the best way to travel? Prove your opinion.

Task 3. Read the following text:

Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays travelling. They travel to see other countries and continents, modern cities and the ruins of ancient towns, they travel to enjoy picturesque places, or just for a change of scene. It is always interesting to discover new things, different ways of life, to meet different people, to try different food, to listen to different musical rhythms.

Those who live in the country like to travel to a big city and spend their time visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows and dining at exotic restaurants. City dwellers usually like a quiet holiday by the sea or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk and bathe and laze in the sun.

Most travellers and holiday-makers take a camera with them and take pictures of everything that interests them – the sights of a city, old churches and castles, views of mountains, lakes, valleys, plains, waterfalls, forests; different kinds of trees, flowers and plants; animals and birds. Later, perhaps years later, they will be reminded by the photos of the happy time they had.

There are many ways of travelling - by train, by plain, by ship, on foot. Of course, travelling by air is the fastest and the most convenient way, but it is the most expensive too.

Travelling by train is slower than by plane, but it has its advantages. You can see much more interesting places of the country you are travelling through. Modern trains have very comfortable seats. There are also sleeping cars and dining cars which make even the longest journey enjoyable. Speed, comfort and safety are the main advantages of trains and planes. That is why many people prefer them to all other means.

Travelling by sea is popular mostly for pleasure trips. On board large ships and small river boats people can visit foreign countries and different places of interest within their own country. It is very pleasant to see the rise and fall of the waves, to feel the fresh sea wind blowing and hear the cry of the seagulls.



Many people like to travel by car. It is interesting too, because you can stop when and where you like, you do not have to buy tickets or carry your suitcases.

A very popular method of travelling is hiking. It is travelling on foot. Walking tours are very healthful. Hitch-hiking is a very popular method of travelling among young people. But it is more popular abroad than in our country.

All means of travelling have their advantages and disadvantages. And people choose one according to their plans and destinations. If we are fond of travelling, we see and learn a lot of things that we can never see or learn at home, though we may read about them in books and newspapers, and see pictures of them on TV. The best way to study geography and foreign languages is to travel, and the best way to get to know and understand people is to meet them in their own homes.

Vocabulary

Task 4. A. Give Russian equivalents to the English words and study the word combinations:



- to spend one’s holiday travelling

- the ruins of ancient towns

- a picturesque place

- for a change of scene

- to discover

- to listen to different musical rhythms

- to spend one’s time doing smth

- city dweller

- to bathe and laze in the sun

- a holiday-maker

- to take pictures

- sights of a city

- to be reminded by the photos

- sleeping and dining cars

- convenient

- an advantage (a disadvantage)

- pleasure trips

- on board a ship

- healthful

- to get to know people


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