:








:
  1. ERP
  2. GPSS World
  3. I.2.3) .
  4. II. . . . 充.. 2
  5. II.5.1) .
  6. IV.
  7. SCADA-
  8. VI.
  9. .
  10. .

 

 
IA IB IIA IIB IIIA IIIB IVA IVB
    1 1,0079 1s1  
    Li3 6,941 2s1 2 1 Be 4 9,01218 2s2 2 2 B 5 10,81 2s22p1 2 3 C 6 12,011 2s22p2 2 4
    Na 11 22,98977 3s1 2 8 1 Mg 12 24,305 3s2 2 8 2 Al13 26,981 3s23p1 2 8 3 Si 14 28,085 3s23p2 2 8 4
      K 19 39,0983 4s1 2 8 8 1 Ca 20 40,078 4s2 2 8 8 2 21 Sc 3d14s2 44,9559 2 8 9 2 22 Ti 3d24s2 47,90 2 8 10 2
  29 Cu 3d104s1 63,546 2 8 18 1 30 Zn 3d104s2 65,39 2 8 18 2 Ga 31 69,72 4s24p1 2 8 18 3 Ge 32 72,59 4s24p2 2 8 18 4
      Rb 37 85,4678 5s1 2 8 18 8 1 Sr 38 87,62 5s2 2 8 18 8 2 39 Y 4d15s2 88,9059 2 8 18 9 2 40 Zr 4d25s2 91,22 2 8 18 10 2
  47 Ag 4d105s1 107,868 2 8 18 181 48 Cd 4d105s2 112,41 2 8 18 18 2 In 49 114,82 5s25p1 2 8 18 18 3 Sn 50 118,69 5s25p2 2 8 18 18 4
      Cs 55 132,9054 6s1 2 8 18 18 8 1 Ba 56 137,33 6s2 2 8 18 18 8 2 57 La* 5d16s2 138,9056 2 8 18 18 9 2 72 Hf 5d26s2 178,49 2 8 18 32 10 2
  79 Au 5d106s1 196,9665 2 8 18 32 18 1 80 Hg 5d106s2 200,59 2 8 18 32 18 2 Tl 81 204,383 6s26p1 2 8 18 32 18 3 Pb 82 207,2 6s26p2 2 8 18 32 18 4
      Fr 87 [223] 7s1 2 8 18 32 18 8 1 Ra88 [226] 7s2 2 8 18 32 18 8 2 89 Ac** 6d17s2 [227] 2 8 18 32 18 9 2 104 Rf 6d27s2 [261] 2 8 18 32 32 10 2

*



58 e 140,12 4f25d16s2 59 Pr 140,9 4f36s2 60 Nd 144,24 4f46s2 61 Pm [145] 4f56s2 62 Sm 150,4 4f66s2 63 Eu 151,96 4f76s2 64 Gd 157,25 4f75d16s2

**A

90 Th 232,0381 6d27s2 91 Pa [231] 5f26d17s2 92 U 238,029 5f36d17s2 93 Np [237] 5f46d17s2 94 Pu [244] 5f67s2 95 Am [243] 5f77s2 96 Cm [247] 5f76d17s2

5

..

 

VA VB VIA VIB VIIA VIIB VIIIA VIIIB
  ()   e2 4,0026 1s2 2    
 
 
8 15,992s22p4 2 6



 



N 7 14,006 2s22p3 2 5 O 8 15,99 2s22p4 2 6 F 9 18,99 2s22p5 2 7 Ne 10 20,179 2s22p6 2 8
P 15 30,973 3s23p3 2 8 5 S16 32,06 3s23p4 2 8 6 Cl 17 35,453 3s23p5 2 8 7 Ar 18 39,946 3s23p6 2 8 8
23 V 3d34s2 50,941 2 8 11 2 24 Cr 3d54s1 51,996 2 8 13 1 25 Mn 3d54s2 54,9380 2 8 13 2 26 Fe 3d64s2 55,847 2 8 14 2 27 Co 3d74s2 58,93 2 8 15 2 28 Ni 3d84s2 58,70 2 8 16 2
As 33 74,922 4s24p3 2 8 18 5 Se 34 78,96 4s24p4 2 8 18 6 Br 35 79,904 4s24p5 2 8 18 7 Kr 36 83,80 4s24p6 2 8 18 8
41 Nb 4d45s1 92,906 2 8 18 12 1 42 Mo 4d55s1 95,94 2 8 18 13 1 43 Tc 4d55s2 [98] 2 8 18 13 2 44 Ru 4d75s1 101,07 2 8 18 15 1 45 Rh 4d85s1 102,905 2 8 18 16 1 46 Pd 4d105s0 106,4 2 8 18 18 0
Sb 51 121,75 5s25p3 2 8 18 18 5 Te52 127,60 5s25p4 2 8 18 18 6 I53 126,90 5s25p5 2 8 18 18 7 Xe 54 131,30 5s25p6 2 8 18 18 8
73 Ta 5d36s2 180,94 2 8 18 32 11 2 74 W 5d46s2 183,85 2 8 18 32 12 2 75 Re 5d56s2 186,207 2 8 18 32 13 2 76 Os 5d66s2 190,2 2 8 18 32 14 2 77 Ir 5d76s2 192,22 2 8 18 32 15 2 78 Pt 5d96s1 195,08 2 8 18 32 17 1
Bi83 208,98 6s26p3 2 8 18 32 18 5 Po 84 [209] 6s26p4 2 8 18 32 18 6 At 85 [210] 6s26p5 2 8 18 32 18 7 Rn 86 [222] 6s26p6 2 8 18 32 18 2
105 Db 6d37s2 [262] 2 8 18 32 32 11 2 106 Sg 6d47s2 [263] 2 8 18 32 32 12 2 107 Bh 6d57s2 [264] 2 8 18 32 32 13 2 108 Hs 6d67s2 [265] 2 8 18 32 32 14 2 109 Mt 6d77s2 [266] 2 8 18 32 32 15 2 110 Ds 6d87s2 [271] 2 8 18 32 32 16 2
             



65 Tb 158,9254 4f96s2 66 Dy 162,50 4f106s2 67 Ho 164,9304 4f116s2 68 Er 167,26 4f126s2 69 Tm 68,9342 4f136s2 70 Yb 173,04 4f146s2 71 Lu 174,97 4f145d16s2

97 Bk [247] 5f86d17s2 98 Cf [251] 5f107s2 99 Es [252] 5f117s2 100 Fm [257] 5f127s2 101 Md [258] 5f137s2 102 No [259] 5f147s2 103 Lr [260] 5f146d17s2

 

 


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