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E. Read the text again and decide whether these statements are true or false.




Читайте также:
  1. A). Form abstract nouns from these verbs
  2. A. Say whether the following statements are false or true.
  3. A. Tell if you agree or disagree with these quotations.
  4. B. Say whether the following statements are true, false or there is no information on the subject of the text.
  5. C. Listen to three people planning a day trip. Write down three things they decide to do.
  6. Change the statements into negative sentences and questions.
  7. Complete these sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Translate the sentences into Russian. Follow the model.
  8. Complete these words. The first letter is given. They are all parts of the body.
  9. D. Rewrite these sentences in the passive voice.
  10. D. Say if the statements are false, right or there is no information on the subject.

1) The national anthem of Canada is “God save the Queen”.

2) The majority of French Canadians live in Quebec, where they make up about 80 per cent oа the population.

3) Canadian National Flag is an orange 11-pointed maple leap on a green field.

4) The Canadian Federal Parliament comprises the Queen, the House of Commons (elected) and the Senate (appointed).

 

GRAMMAR: INDIRECT SPEECH/REPORTED SPEECH

Change of tense

When we report what someone said, the verb forms often move one tense into the past.

‘I believe that what I am doing is right’, she said, ‘I will continue to fight for justice.’

She said she believedthat what she was doing was right, and that she would continueto fight for justice.

Verb forms change in the following way:

Direct speech (the actual words) Reported speech (indirect speech)
Present Simple (do) Past Simple (did)
Present Continuous (is doing) Past Continuous (was doing)
Present Perfect (has done) Past Perfect (had done)
Past Simple (did) Past Perfect (had done)
Past Continuous (was doing) Past Perfect Continuous (had been doing)
Past Perfect (had done) no change possible
Past Perfect Continuous (had been doing) no change possible

 

Modals are used in direct speech:

- use the past forms of modals: can ® could

will ® would

may ® might

must ® had to

‘I must pay my phone bill’ ® He said he had to pay his phone bill.

- those which do not have a past form do not change: would, could, might and should

‘I might come later’ ® She said she mightcome later.

Reported questions

- use ask, want to know or wonder to report questions

- after wh-questions, the question word is used as a conjunction

The police asked (him) where he had been.

They wanted to know what time he arrived home.

- with yes/no questions if or whether are used

Ben wondered if/whether you wanted to come round for dinner

I ® she/he ours ® theirs today ® that day tomorrow ® the next day yesterday ® the previous day this ® that these ® those here ® there now ® then

In reported speech it is necessary to change the pronouns, adjectives and adverbs:




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