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Exercise 12 Complete the sentences using the verbs in brackets in the Past Perfect. You went back to your hometown after many years and you found that many things were different.




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  1. A) Draw a family tree for yourself and using the topical vocabulary explain the relationship between your immediate ancestors and any interesting facts about them.
  2. A). Form abstract nouns from these verbs
  3. A. Complete the sentences according to the information in the text.
  4. A. Complete the sentences with the comparative forms of the adverbs in the box.
  5. A. Read the text, give the English equivalents for the words in brackets, and single out the main items of the income statement.
  6. A. Study the vocabulary from Exercises B, E.
  7. Adverbs of frequency
  8. Adverbs of frequency
  9. All the verbs in the box relate to legal matters. Use them in the correct forms to complete the sentences.
  10. Approaching the Text: Using prior knowledge and making predictions

Model:Most of my friends were no longer there. They had left.

1. My best friend was no longer there. He (go) away. 2. The local cinema was no longer open. It (close) down. 3. Mr. Johnson was no longer alive. He (die). 4. I didn’t recognize Mrs Johnson. She (change) a lot. 5. Bill no longer had his car. He (sell) it.

 

Exercise 13 Put the verbs into the Past Perfect or Past Simple.

1. The house was very quiet when I got home. Everybody (go) bed. 2. I felt very tired when I got home, so I (go) straight to bed. 3. Sorry I’m late. The car (break) down on my way here. 4 There was a car by the side of the road. It (break) down and the driver was trying to repair it. So we (stop) to see if we could help. 5. ‘Was Tom there when you arrived?’ – ‘No, he (go) home.’ 6. ‘Was Tom there when they arrived?’ – ‘Yes, but he (go) home soon afterwards.’

 

Perfect Continuous Tense

(Часи групи Perfect Continuous)

 

have + been + Present Participle (-ing)
Present He has been writing a letter since morning. – Він пише лист зранку.
Past He had been writing a letter for two hours when I came. – Він писав лист впродовж двох годин до того, як я прийшов.
Future He will have been writinga letter for two hours when I come. – Він писатиме листа впродовж двох годин перед тим, як я прийду.

 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

 

1.Дії, які почалися у минулому та тільки що закінчились.

You are out of breath. Have you been running?

That man over there is bright red. I think he has been sunbathing.

2. Дії, які почалися у минулому та ще триватимуть на момент говоріння.

How long have you been learning English?

I have been waiting herе since 2 o’clock.

 

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Дії, що почалися до певного моменту у минулому і тривали до цього моменту.

Ken had been smoking for 30 years when he finallygaveit up.

I was very tired when I arrived home. I had been working hard all day.

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Дії, що почнуться до певного моменту у майбутньому і триватимуть до цього моменту.

On Saturday, we will have been living in this house for a year. – У неділю буде річниця, як ми живемо у цьому будинку.



Next year I will have been working in the company for 30 years. – У наступному році буде 30 років, як я працюю у цій компанії.

Якщо часи групи Perfect вказують на факт звершення дії, то часи групи Perfect Continuous привертають увагу до тривалості дії.

They have lived in London for 10 years (людина привертає увагу до того, що вони живуть у Лондоні).

They have been living in London for 10 years (людина привертає увагу до того, як довго вони живуть у Лондоні).

 


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