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Exercise1. Join each pair of sentences in one sentence.
1. I saw a man. He was crossing the street.
2. I know a woman. She is a singer.
3. He lent me $ 1,000. He was so generous,
4. Leonardo Di Caprio is a famous actor. He starred in "Titanic".
5. I know the boy. He works on the farm.
6. This is a private house. It is guarded day and night.
7. I saw Rose. Her car had been damaged.
8. She is a widow. Her husband died two years ago.
9. I work at the post office. It is near my house.
Exercise2. Read the following facts about the accident and put in the missing relative pronouns.
The lorries were following the coast road ... goes from Shaldon to Mardencombe. The second lorry was loaded with cages full of pigeons. However, the driver hadn't locked all the cages properly. There were a number of cars behind the lorries. When they reached a part of the road ... was extremely narrow, a driver... wanted to overtake the lorries suddenly pulled out While he was overtaking, he noticed the cars ... were coming the other way. He stepped on the brake, he skidded and overturned The lorry ... was loaded with pigeons tried to avoid him and crashed into a tree while the first lorry drove on. The cages ... the driver hadn't locked properly broke open and about 50 pigeons flew away. A woman ... had seen the accident called an ambulance because the driver ... lorry had hit the tree was badly injured.
Exercise1. Insert a or an if necessary.
1 My neighbour is . . . photographer; let's ask him for . . . advice about colour films.
2 We had . . . fish and . . . chips for . . . lunch. ~
3 I had . . . very bad night; I didn't sleep . . . wink.
4 He is . . . vegetarian; you won't get . . . meat at his house. He'll give you . . . nut cutlet. ~Last time I had . . . nut cutlet I had . . . indigestion.
5 . . . travel agent would give you . . . information about . . . hotels.
6 We'd better go by . . . taxi—if we can get . . . taxi at such . . . hour as 2 a.m.
7 . . . person who suffers from . . . claustrophobia has . . . dread of being confined in . . . small space, and would always prefer . . . stairs to . . . lift.
8 Do you take . . . sugar in . . . coffee? ~
9 . . . man suffering from . . . shock should not be given anything to drink.
10 You'll get . . . shock if you touch . . . live wire with that screwdriver.
Exercise2. Insert the if necessary.
1 . . . youngest boy has just started going to . . . school; . . . eldest boy is at . . . college.
2 She lives on . . . top floor of an old house. When . . . wind blows, all . . . windows rattle.
3 . . . darkness doesn't worry . . . cats; . . . cats can see in . . . dark.
4 My little boys say that they want to be . . . spacemen, but most of them will probably end up in . . . less dramatic jobs.
5 Do you know . . . time? ~
Yes, . . . clock in . . . hall has just struck nine. ~
6 He was sent to . . . prison for . . . six months for . . . shop-lifting.
When . . . six months are over he'll be released; . . . difficulty then will be to find . . . work. ~
7 I went to . . . school to talk to . . . headmistress. I persuaded her to let Ann give up . . . gymnastics and take . . . ballet lessons instead.
8 . . . ballet isn't much use for . . . girls; it is much better to be able to play . . . piano.
9 I am on... night duty. When you go to . . . bed, I go to . . . work.
10 Peter's at . . . office but you could get him on . . . phone. There's a telephone box just round . . . corner
Exercise3. Insert a, an or the if necessary.
1 There was . . . knock on . . . door. I opened it and found . . . small dark man in . . . blue overcoat and . . . woollen cap.
2 He said he was . . . employee of . . . gas company and had come to read . . . meter.
3 But I had . . . suspicion that he wasn't speaking . . . truth because . . . meter readers usually wear . . . peaked caps.
4 However, I took him to . . . meter, which is in . . . dark corner under . . . stairs
(. . . meters are usually in . . . dark corners under . . . stairs).
5 I asked if he had . . . torch; he said he disliked torches and always read . . . meters by . . . light of . . . match.
6 I remarked that if there was . . . leak in . . . gaspipe there might be . . . explosion while he was reading . . . meter.
7 He said, 'As . . . matter of . . . fact, there was . . . explosion in . . . last house I visited; and Mr Smith, . . . owner of . . . house, was burnt in . . . face.'
8 'Mr Smith was holding . . . lighted match at . . . time of . . . explosion.'
9 To prevent . . . possible repetition of this accident, I lent him . . . torch.
10 He switched on . . . torch, read . . . meter and wrote . . . reading down on . . . back of . . . envelope.
11 I said in . . . surprise that . . . meter readers usually put . . . readings down in . . . book.
12 He said that he had had . . . book but that it had been burnt in . . . fire in . . . Mr Smith's house.
13 By this time I had come to . . . conclusion that he wasn't . . . genuine meter reader; and . . . moment he left . . . house I rang . . . police.
14 Are John and Mary . . . cousins? ~
15 . . . fog was so thick that we couldn't see . . . side of . . . road. We followed . . . car in front of us and hoped that we were going . . . right way.
16 I can't remember . . . exact date of . . . storm, but I know it was . . . Sunday because everybody was at . . . church. On . . . Monday . . . post didn't come because . . . roads were blocked by . . . fallen trees.
17 Peter thinks that this is quite . . . cheap restaurant.
18 There's been . . . murder here. ~
19 Number . . . hundred and two, - . . house next door to us, is for sale.
20 I don't know what . . . price . . . owners are asking. But Dry and Rot are . . . agents. You could give them . . . ring and make them . . . offer.
Theme: The sequence of tenses
The sequence of tenses is used when someone’s words are reported. The rules of the Sequence of Tenses are observed in subordinate object, subject, predicative, appositive clause.
The rules of the sequence of tenses are compulsory:
· If the action of the subordinate clause is simultaneous with that of the principal clause, the Past Simple or the Past Progressive is used in the object clause .
F.e: He said that he lived in Rome.
· If the action of the subordinate clause precedes that of the principal clause, the Past Perfect or the Past Perfect Progressive is used in the subordinate clause .
F.e: I knew you had left the city..
· If the action of the subordinate clause refers to the future, the Future-in-the Past is used.
F.e: We hoped she would soon be better
The rules of the sequence of tenses are optional when reference is made to the actual present time or the actual future time. This use is found in dialogues,time,the actual future time.
F.e: He said he doesn’t ever want to see you.
If the direct question begins with a question word (when, where…..)
The question word is repeated in the direct question.
F.e: “Is anyone there?” he asked. He said if anyone was there.
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