| begin – начинать
|| a) The predicate indicates an
activity or process (but the
infinitive is also possible).
She began crying (to cry).
When did you begin learning (to learn) English?
|| a) The predicate denotes a
state of mind or mental
I began to feel dizzy.
He began to realize that he had
made a mistake.
b) The grammatical subject is lifeless.
The barometer began to fall.
с) The verb is used in a continuous form.
It's beginning to freeze.
| start– начинать,
браться за что-
|| It started raining.
|| It is starting to snow.
| stop – останавли-
|| He stopped smoking on his
doctor's advice. (= He doesn't
|| He stopped to smoke.
(= in order to smoke)
| cease – прекращать, приостанавливать
|| The factory has ceased making bicycles.
|| The old German Empire ceased to exist in 1918.
| continue – продол-
|| How long will you continue
|| He continued to live with
his parents after his marriage.
| like (love) – нравиться
|| I like cooking (= enjoy in general)
|| I like to cook my meals.
(= find it good or right)
| dread – страшиться, бояться, опасаться
|| I dread having to visit the dentist.
|| I dread to think what may
| loathe – чувство-
|| He loathes travelling by air.
|| I loathe to have to put up here,
| hate – ненавидеть,
не хотеть, испытывать неловкость
|| She hates getting to the theatre
late. (= strong dislike)
|| I hate to trouble you. (= regret)
| remember – помнить, напомина-
ние ("не забудь")
|| I remember posting your letter.
(= have a memory of the act)
|| He remembered to post the
letter. (= didn't forget to do it)
| forget – забывать
|| I forgot calling you the the day
before. (about the past action)
|| Don't forget to call me tomorrow. (the action occurs at the same time or later)
| regret – сожалеть
|| I regret saying (having said) that you were mistaken. (the action I earlier in time)
|| I regret to say that you were mistaken.
(= I am sorry that I must now tell you ...)
| try – пытаться,
|| Try knocking at the back door if nobody hears you at the front door. (= do smth as an experiment)
|| Try to get here early. (= make an effort)
| prefer – предпочитать
|| I prefer walking to cycling.
|| I prefer to wait here. (in particular/now)
| be afraid (of) –
|| I don’t like dogs. I’m always afraid of being bitten. (= there is a possibility that smth bad will happen)
|| He was afraid to tell his parents that he had broken the neighbour’s window. (= don’t want to do smth because it is dangerous or the result might be unpleasant).
|| You are afraid to do smth because you are afraid of smth happening as a result.
I was afraid to stay in the sun because I was afraid of getting I burnt.
I would like to play tennis today. (= I want to play)
| admit – признавать
|| He admitted having done wrong.
|| He admitted (that) he had made the same mistake again.
| Report – сообщать
|| He reported having seen the escaped convict.
|| It is reported that the expedition has already come back.
| Deny– отрицать
|| He denied knowing anything about the plan.
|| I denied (that) the statement was true.
| Suggest – предлагать
|| I suggest going home.
|| I suggested that he should see a specialist immediately.
| Acknowledge – допускать, признавать
|| Не acknowledged having been frightened.
|| He refused to acknowledge that he had been defeated.
| || || || |
| anticipate, foresee – ожидать, предвидеть
|| We didn't anticipate being treated like that.
|| The directors anticipated that demand would fall.
| fancy – нравиться, воображать, представлять себе
|| She didn't fancy going out. (= like the idea)
|| I fancy thathe is in for a disappointment. (= get the idea)
| imagine – воображать
|| I can't imagine marrying a girl of that sort. (= form a picture in the mind)
|| Don't imagine that I can lend you money every time you need it. (= get the idea)