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VERBS USED WITH THE GERUND AND THE INFINITIVE




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  1. Anomalous Verbs
  2. B. Complete the following sentences with the Past Simple Tense of the verbs of the previous exercise.
  3. Choose between the infinitive and the gerund as the object to an adjective in the following sentences
  4. Complete the dialogues using the Present Continuous forms of the verbs in brackets.
  5. Complete the following using the Infinitive
  6. Complete the sentences 1-10 below with the gerund as subject. You should use your own variants. The first is given for you.
  7. Ex.2. Open the brackets. Put the verbs into Past Continuous or Past Simple.
  8. Ex.4. Put in verbs in a suitable tense, Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous.
  9. Ex.6. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets (Active or Passive).
  10. Ex.6. Put in verbs in a suitable tense.

There are a few verbs which appear in more than one combination: with the Gerund and the Infinitive. These particular verbs have different patterns assosiated with meanings.


 

Verbs Gerund Infinitive
begin – начинать a) The predicate indicates an activity or process (but the infinitive is also possible). She began crying (to cry). When did you begin learning (to learn) English? a) The predicate denotes a state of mind or mental activity. I began to feel dizzy. He began to realize that he had made a mistake. b) The grammatical subject is lifeless. The barometer began to fall. с) The verb is used in a continuous form. It's beginning to freeze.
start– начинать, браться за что- либо It started raining. It is starting to snow.
stop – останавли- ваться, прекращать He stopped smoking on his doctor's advice. (= He doesn't smoke anymore) He stopped to smoke. (= in order to smoke)
cease – прекращать, приостанавливать The factory has ceased making bicycles. The old German Empire ceased to exist in 1918.
continue – продол- жать How long will you continue working? He continued to live with his parents after his marriage.
like (love) – нравиться I like cooking (= enjoy in general) I like to cook my meals. (= find it good or right)
dread – страшиться, бояться, опасаться I dread having to visit the dentist. I dread to think what may happen.
loathe – чувство- вать отвращение, ненавидеть He loathes travelling by air. (in general) I loathe to have to put up here, (in particular)
hate – ненавидеть, не хотеть, испытывать неловкость She hates getting to the theatre late. (= strong dislike) I hate to trouble you. (= regret)
remember – помнить, напомина- ние ("не забудь") I remember posting your letter. (= have a memory of the act) He remembered to post the letter. (= didn't forget to do it)
forget – забывать I forgot calling you the the day before. (about the past action) Don't forget to call me tomorrow. (the action occurs at the same time or later)

 



regret – сожалеть I regret saying (having said) that you were mistaken. (the action I earlier in time) I regret to say that you were mistaken. (= I am sorry that I must now tell you ...)
try – пытаться, стараться Try knocking at the back door if nobody hears you at the front door. (= do smth as an experiment) Try to get here early. (= make an effort)
prefer – предпочитать I prefer walking to cycling. (in general) I prefer to wait here. (in particular/now)
be afraid (of) – бояться     I don’t like dogs. I’m always afraid of being bitten. (= there is a possibility that smth bad will happen) He was afraid to tell his parents that he had broken the neighbour’s window. (= don’t want to do smth because it is dangerous or the result might be unpleasant).
  You are afraid to do smth because you are afraid of smth happening as a result. I was afraid to stay in the sun because I was afraid of getting I burnt.

Would like is followed by the Infinitive. Notice the difference in meaning between I like and I would like. I would like is a polite way of saying I want.



I like playing tennis. (= I enjoy it in general)

I would like to play tennis today. (= I want to play)

We can also use I would love/prefer/hate + Infinitive.

Would you prefer to have dinner now or later?

I’d love to be able to travel round the world.

 

There are some verbs which can be followed by the Gerund or “that-clause”

Verb Gerund “that-clause”
admit – признавать He admitted having done wrong. He admitted (that) he had made the same mistake again.
Report – сообщать He reported having seen the escaped convict. It is reported that the expedition has already come back.
Deny– отрицать He denied knowing anything about the plan. I denied (that) the statement was true.
Suggest – предлагать I suggest going home. I suggested that he should see a specialist immediately.
Acknowledge – допускать, признавать Не acknowledged having been frightened. He refused to acknowledge that he had been defeated.
       

 


 

anticipate, foresee – ожидать, предвидеть We didn't anticipate being treated like that. The directors anticipated that demand would fall.
fancy – нравиться, воображать, представлять себе She didn't fancy going out. (= like the idea) I fancy thathe is in for a disappointment. (= get the idea)
imagine – воображать I can't imagine marrying a girl of that sort. (= form a picture in the mind) Don't imagine that I can lend you money every time you need it. (= get the idea)

 

With a number of verbs and word-groups both the Gerund and the Infinitive can be used. There is no change in meaning. They can also be followed by a "that-clause"



 


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