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LIST OF REFERENCES




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LIST OF REFERENCES

1. TOURISM INDUSTRY.....6

2. WORLD DESTINATIONS...................................................................8

3. TYPES OF ATTRACTIONS....9

4.TOURIST INFORMATION ABOUT UKRAINE ....10

5. DESCRIBING A DESTINATION .12

6. TOUR OPERATING. PUTTING A PACKAGE TOGETHER...13

7. DESCRIBING A TOUR ..14

8. TRAVEL AGENCIES ..15

9. TRANSPORT IN TOURISM ..16

10. ACCOMODATION ...17

11. SERVICES AND FACILITIES AT A HOTEL ..18

12. THE STAFF STRUCTURE OF HOTELS ..19

13. THE RECEPTION AREA. FRONT OFFICE DUTIES .20

14. ENQUIRIES AND RESERVATIONS .21

15. MARKETING IN TOURISM..22

16. THE AIRLINE INDUSTRY .23

17. LOW COST AIRLINES 24

18. TOURIST INFORMATION OFFICE .25

19. HOLIDAY REPRESENTATIVE .26

20. RURAL TOURISM 27

21. FOOD TOURISM ..28

22. BUSINESS TRAVEL .29

23. TALKING ABOUT MUSEUMS ...30

24. DESCRIBING A FESTIVAL 31

25. FESTIVALS IN UKRAINE ...32

 

TOURISM INDUSTRY (variant 1)

Tourism is the temporary short-term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they normally live and work, and their activities during the stay at these destinations.

Tourism is one of the biggest businesses in the world. There are nearly 800 million international tourist arrivals every year. It employs, directly or indirectly, from A to Z, from airport cleaners to zookeepers, and includes bar staff, flight attendants, tour guides, and resort reps. Tourism is a huge part of the economy of many countries.

Tourism is a fast-growing business. When Thomas Cook organized his first excursion in 1841, he probably didn't know what he was starting. Key developments in the last 150 years have led to the rise of mass tourism.

Tourism is a powerful and sometimes dangerous force in the modern world. Tourism creates many good jobs and careers, but it also produces many poor and badly paid jobs. Tourism can help to protect environments and animal life, but it can also damage them. Tourism can save cultures and the local way of life, but it can also destroy them.

Tourism is one of the biggest industries in the world. It is perhaps also the most important.

 

temporary

activities

stay

to employ

to include

staff

flight attendant

tour guide

resort rep (representative)

fast-growing

excursion

powerful

dangerous

to create

to produce ,

badly paid

to protect environments

to damage

to destroy

 

 

TOURISM INDUSTRY (variant 2)

Tourism has been one of the fastest growing industries in recent years. The growth rate of tourism has generally exceeded the growth rate for the worldwide economy. In spite of its rapid growth, it is not easy to define tourism.

Tourism necessarily involves travel; a tourist is usually defined as a person who is visiting some place other than his usual residence for more than 24 hours.

A tourist is distinguished by the length of his trip from an excursionist, who is away from his usual residence for less than 24 hours, or a weekend.

The purpose of travel must also enter into the definition of tourism. Many people travel entirely for the purpose of recreation or pleasure; they are people on holiday. Other people travel for reasons of health. Other people travel to visit friends or relatives, a reason that has become more important because of increased mobility throughout the world. Still others travel in order to educate themselves because travel is broadening.

All of these people are generally considered tourists since the primary reason for their trips is recreation. Most tourist statistics also include people who are traveling on business. Among them are businessmen and government officials, as well as people attending meetings or conventions.

Many people among those traveling on business often combine pleasure with their work. They also use the same transportation, accommodations, and catering facilities as the holiday tourists.

Accommodations refer to hotels or other places where a traveler can find rest and shelter; catering facilities refers to places where a traveler or another member of the public can find food and drink.

Tourism is a relatively new phenomenon in the world. Since being away from home is a necessary component of tourism, its development as a mass industry depended on modern means of rapid and inexpensive transportation.

Tourism as we know it today began with the building of the railroads in the 19th Century. In fact, the words tourism and tourist themselves were not used for the first time until about 1800 the first tour in the modern sense was put together by Thomas Cook in England, in 1841, and the firm of Thomas Cook and Sons has remained one of the prominent names in the tourist industry.

growth rate

to exceed ,

to involve

to distinguish ,

broadening

primary

to combine

catering

shelter

to remain

prominent


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