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ABSOLUTE PARTICIPLE CONSTRUCTION




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  1. Absolutely
  2. FORMS OF PARTICIPLE
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  4. INFINITIVE. GERUND. PARTICIPLE
  5. OBJECTIVE INFINITIVE CONSTRUCTION
  6. Participle
  7. SUBJECTIVE INFINITIVE CONSTRUCTION
  8. The Absolute Participle Construction
  9. Причастия (The Participles)
NOUN (or) PRONOUN PARTICIPLE
Doctor(s) I Participle I (Active): V+ -ing (working; writing)
  He  
Student(s) She Participle I (Passive): being + V3 (being worked; being written)
  It  
  We Participle II (Passive): V3 (worked; written)
  You  
  They Perfect Participle (Active): having + V3 (having worked; having written)
     
    Perfect Participle (Passive): having + been + V3 (having been worked; having been written)

На початку речення The| Absolute| Participle| Construction| перекладається на українську мову підрядним реченням|реченням| із сполучниками|спілками,сполучниками| "після того, як", "коли":

The| work| having| been| done|, the| students| went| home|. Після того, як робота була виконана, студенти пішли додому.

У другій частині|частці| речення|речення| The| Absolute| Participle| Construction| перекладається|перекладає,переказує| самостійним простим реченням із сполучниками "при цьому", "а"|, "і"| або без них:

The| physician| examined| the| patient|, the| students| helping| him|. Лікар|лікарка| оглянув хворого, а студенти допомогли йому.

 

Ex. 5. Read and translate the following sentences:

1. The patient having fallen asleep, the nurse left the ward. 2. The last patient having been examined, the doctor went to the laboratory. 3. The patient being very weak, the operation was postponed. 4. A foreign organism entering the body, it is attacked and destroyed by immune system. 5. My friend suffering from a severe pain, I called in a doctor. 6. The physician palpated the patient's abdomen, the pain becoming severe. 7. The operation having been performed, the patient's condition began to improve. 8. The patient was in a very bad state, his pulse being rapid.

READING AND DEVELOPING SPEAKING SKILLS

Ex. 6. Read VOCABULARY and memorize new words.

 

Ex.7. Insert the missing letters:

D_sease, dec_y, hypopl_sia, fluor_de, di_order, pla_ue, g_m, pulp_tis, stomat_tis, ging_vitis, periodontit_s, surf_ce, e_osion , a_id, pal_te, tis_ue, compl_cation.



 

Ex.8. Translate the following words and word-combinations into your native language:

Symptoms and signs, disease, gum disease, tooth structure, pain, location, surface, noncarious lesions, mucous membrane, irritation of the gums, dentition, tooth wear, hard tissues, tooth cavity, functional features, progressive destruction, tumoral process, acidic foods, saliva, sticky substance, pressure, functional features, increased fragility, subsequent loss of teeth, progressive destruction,

 

Ex. 9. Read and translate the following text


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