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Compose your own sentences with each English equivalent of the words and phrases given in exercise 9. Compare your variants with the sentences of your partner.




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  1. A. Complete the sentences according to the information in the text.
  2. A. Complete the sentences with the comparative forms of the adverbs in the box.
  3. A. Make up short dialogues expressing your opinion, agreeing or disagreeing. Use the prompts given below.
  4. A. Read the text, give the English equivalents for the words in brackets, and single out the main items of the income statement.
  5. A. Study the vocabulary from Exercises B, E.
  6. Add prefix re-. Translate the new words.
  7. All the verbs in the box relate to legal matters. Use them in the correct forms to complete the sentences.
  8. B – GROUP EXERCISES
  9. B) Comment on the given information and speak about the financial aspect of getting a higher education in the US A.
  10. B) Make up and act out the stories illustrating the given proverbs.
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11. Find in the text the synonyms to the following words:

 

§ absolutely § to produce § various
§ contemporary § to return § to comprise
§ easy § helpful § mobile

 

12. Find in the text the antonyms to the following words:

 

§ to destroy § ancient § presence
§ positive § complex § negative

 

13. Give Russian equivalents to the following word combinations:

 

electric outlets; electrical appliances; static electricity; solar cell; chemical energy; sound waves; hair dryer; space heater; negative charge; electrical conductor; magnetic field; water pump; electrical circuit; to create heat

14. Choose among the words in parentheses the one that corresponds to the text above to complete the sentences:

 

1. Throughout your house, you probably find ___ outlets where you can plug in all sorts of electrical appliances.

(a. electric, b. electricity, c. electrical)

2. It is easy to create electricity from sunlight ___ a solar cell.

(a. utilizing, b. using, c. exercising)

3. Electric motors turn electricity into ___.

(a. motion, b. movement, c. traffic)

4. It is ___ to imagine modern people living without electricity.

(a. easy, b. hard, c. possible)

5. There is a definite link ___ electricity and magnetism.

(a. in, b. within, c. between)

6. The electricity that we get from power outlets and batteries ___ power all different kinds of devices.

(a. can, b. may, c. must)

7. A generator is a simple ___ that moves a magnet near a wire to create a steady flow of electrons.

(a. set, b. device, c. apparatus)

 

15. Read text 10A once more. In pairs, discuss the statements below. Say what you think about them and ask your partner if he/she agrees or disagrees with you. Use the following phrases to help you:

 

Agreeing I agree with you. Yes, that is what I think too. You are right! Disagreeing politely Yes, but don’t you think…? True, but I think… I see what you mean, but…

 

1. Only for some of us modern life is impossible without electricity.

2. The electricity that we get from power outlets and batteries can power all different kinds of devices.

3. The fact is that electricity can be used in a thousand different ways.

4. It is easy to imagine modern people living without electricity.

5. The moving electrons transmit electrical energy from one point to another.

6. If you allow electrons to move through a wire, they will create a magnetic field around the wire.

7. In an electrical circuit, the number of electrons that are moving is called the voltage.

8. The electrons will need to flow from the negative terminal to the positive terminal through a copper wire or some other conductor.



9. In an electric motor, the energy in the electrons creates a magnetic field, and this field can interact with other magnets (through magnetic attraction and repulsion) to create motion.

 

16. Fill in the gaps with the words from the box:

 

field electrons produces electricity forces produce

 

How can you make electricity with magnets?

 

You can make 1 ___ by moving a magnet past a wire. The magnet has a magnetic 2 ___ around it — something that exerts forces on magnetic poles. If you move the magnet and its magnetic field, you create an electric field — something that exerts 3 ___ on electric charges. That's because whenever a magnetic field changes with time, it creates an electric field. This electric field will push on the mobile 4 ___ in a wire.

So when you move a magnet past a wire, you are producing a changing magnetic field in the wire. This changing magnetic field 5 ___ an electric field and the electric field makes the electrons in the wire accelerate. The moving electrons are electricity. Generators move magnets past wires (or wires past magnets) to 6 ___ electricity.

 

Check your answers on p. 280.

 

17. Translate the following sentences into Russian:

 

1. Термин электричество был введён английским естествоиспытателем Вильямом Гилбертом в 1600 году.

2. Свойство электризации при трении тела о шерсть было известно ещё древним грекам, но только после становления физики как экспериментальной науки, заложенной Галилео Галилеем, это явление стало изучаться как средство для исследования и использования свойств физических тел.

3. В начале XVIII века английский учёный Стефан Грэй обнаружил, что существуют вещества (металлы), которые проводят электричество от одного тела к другому

4. В 1820 году Эрстед и Ампер открыли связь между электричеством и магнетизмом.

5. Фарадей в 1831 году открыл электромагнитную индукцию и в 1834 году — законы электролиза, а также ввел понятие электрического и магнитного полей.

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