I. In this exercise, you are to either establish a connection with what is stated or explain what the statement implies.

  1. A) Draw a family tree for yourself and using the topical vocabulary explain the relationship between your immediate ancestors and any interesting facts about them.
  2. A. Read the text, give the English equivalents for the words in brackets, and single out the main items of the income statement.
  3. A. Say whether the following statements are false or true.
  4. B. Choose the right variant and explain your choice
  5. B. Choose the right variant and explain your choice.
  6. B. Say whether the following statements are true, false or there is no information on the subject of the text.
  7. C. Choose the right variant. Explain your choice.
  8. Cable connection
  9. Change the statements into negative sentences and questions.
  10. D. Say if the statements are false, right or there is no information on the subject.

Model:Stories and poems describing nature, novels of ideas, stories presenting the stream of consciousness.

They have no plots.


1 The writer does not follow all the in which the characters would participate in real life during the span of the time covered by the story.

2 Every event in the plot is suggestive.

3 Man against man, man against nature, man against society, etc.

4 Man against himself.

5 One the one hand, they are suggested by contradictions in reality, on the other, they are affected by the writers outlook, his personality, and the way he views people, events, problems.

6 They are normally localized.

7 It helps to evoke the necessary atmosphere or mood, or reinforce characterization, or it may be a reflection of the inner state of a character, or place the character in a recognizable realistic environment, etc.

8 It answers the Wh-questions. They become tenser as the plot moves toward the moment of decision.

9 It may affect the atmosphere and introduce the necessary mood; it may increase the tension and the readers suspense, and in this way affect the readers emotional response to the story.

10 A straight line narrative presentation, a complex narrative structure, a circular pattern and a frame structure.

11 The order in which the writer presents the information.

12 An important factor in storytelling when the reader is uncertain of some things or suspects certain facts.

13 Narration, description, reasoning, direct speech (monologue, dialogue), represented speech, quotations, the authors digressions.


213 Read the story that follows and say:

what literary representational form/s it involves(Ex. 152, quest. 14);

what kind of narrative structure the story has;

whether its plot is fixed or not;

what components it includes and what purpose each of them serves;

whether there are deviations from the traditional model;

what kind of conflict is revealed here;

what stylistic devices and expressive means the author employs.


Just leave the keys in, sir Stan Murch, in a uniform-like blue jacket, stood on the sidewalk in from of the Hilton and watched cab after cab make the loop in to the main entrance. Doesnt anybody travel in their own car any more? Then at last a Chrysler Imperial with Michigan plates came hesitantly up Six Avenue, made the left-hand loop into the Hilton driveway and stopped at the entrance. As a woman and several children got out of the doors on the right of the car, toward the hotel entrance, the driver climbed heavily out on the left. He was big man with a cigar and a camels hair coat. Murch was at the door before it was halfway open, pulling it the rest of the way and saying, Just leave the keys in it, sir. Right, the man said around his cigare. He got out and sort of shook himself inside the coat. Then, as Murch was about to get behind the wheel, the driver said, Wait. Murch looked at him, Sir? Here you go, boy, the man said and pulled a folded dollar bill from his pants pocket and handed it across. Thank you, sir, Murch said. He saluted with the hand holding the dollar, climbed behind the wheel, and drove away. He was smiling as he made the right turn into 53rd Street; it wasnt every day a man gave you a tip for stealing his car.


214 Now summarize your analysis data from the previous exercise and characterize the story in terms of its plot, plot structure and stylistic devices. You may follow this model or work out your own. Brackets () stand for introductory or parenthetical words and phrases to be inserted.


() The story under discussion is a piece of narration mixed with a dialogue. () It has a . Narrative structure and includes such components as ....... (.). The plot is fixed here. In the .. we are acquainted with the character, Stan Murch by name, who is He seems to be a bit impatient or even worried as ...............................................

The the . Follow. Stan sees ........................................................................................................

And the reader understands that he was a thief and his purpose was to steal a car. And this is the of the story which takes the form of ...................................................................................

As the reader doesnt suspect it until the last moment. () we cant say that the story abounds in ...

stylistic devices. (), there are few of them. For example, ................................

215 Culture focus.

Understanding the story (and a story) also depends on the background information which is embodied in culture specific words denoting various concepts of this or that culture. They may be both explicit and implicit.

Look at the words below and explain their culture specific meanings.

      • uniform-like blue jacket
      • the Hilton
      • cab
      • Michigan plates
      • Six Avenue
      • dollar
      • pants
      • 53rd Street

216 What implicit meaning do these words convey witth reference to one of the characters?

The Hilton a Chrysler Imperial a camels hair coat


217 A comprehensive analyis of a work of fiction includes, among other things, the summary of the text (both the summary of the plot and the summary of the idea) which in its turn requires a working knowledge of some technical terms, that is words and expressions used while giving a summary of a piece of fiction. Below is a tentative outline of how this can be done. Study it carefully and then pracise it summarizing the plot of a story you have recently read.

: 2014-12-23; : 16;

lektsii.com - . - 2014-2021 . (0.013 .)