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B. Write down four things from the text that you think are surprising or interesting. Compare with your partner.




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  1. A) Write a letter in response stating your agreement or disagreement.
  2. B) Spend a few minutes individually thinking of further arguments you will use to back up your own opinion on the usefulness and types of punishment.
  3. B.Write out the key sentences for each point of the plan.
  4. C) Do library research and reproduce a talk with an important writer.
  5. C) Now discuss the opinions with your partner.
  6. C. Listen to three people planning a day trip. Write down three things they decide to do.
  7. C. Rewrite the sentences in passive voice.
  8. Compose your own sentences with each English equivalent of the words and phrases given in exercise 9. Compare your variants with the sentences of your partner.
  9. Compose your own sentences with each English equivalent of the words given in exercise 12. Compare your variants with the sentences of your partner.

C. Are you happy with the way you use your time? What would you like to spend more/less time doing? Discuss in groups.

GRAMMAR 2: PAST TENSES

Past Simple
Formation V2 I fell asleep very quickly last night. My brother-in-law livedin Moscow in 2008.
Question form did + subject + V1 Did I fall asleep very quickly last night? Did my brother-in-law live in Moscow in 2008?
Negative form did + not (didn’t) I didn’t fall asleep very quickly last night. My brother-in-law didn’t live in Moscow in 2008.
Usage past action or a series of completed past actions
Signal words yesterday, …years ago, last year, last month
Past Progressive
Formation was/were + Ving I was making my breakfast when Tom came. We were doing the shopping while our sisters were doing the housework.
Question form was/were + subject + Ving Was I making my breakfast when Tom came? Were we doing the shopping while our sisters were doing the housework?
Negative form was + not (wasn’t)/were + not (weren’t) + Ving I wasn’t making my breakfast when Tom came. We weren’t doing the shopping while our sisters were doing the housework.
Usage action in progress in the past, two or more actions in progress at the same time
Signal words from …to …
Past Perfect
Formation had+V3 He had already fedthe cat when I came. They had done the washing-up.
Question form had + subject + V3 Had he already fedthe cat when I came? Had they donethe washing-up?
Negative form had + not (hadn’t) + V3 He hadn’t already fed the cat when I came. They hadn’t done the washing-up.
Usage action happened earlier than an action which followed
Signal words before

A. Identify the tenses of the underlined verbs in the text above.

B. Open the brackets paying attention to the usage of Past Simple tense (negative/question/affirmative forms).

1) The majority of women (not to work) full-time in London in 1980-s.

2) When I (to study) at school I (not to be keen) on sports at all.

3) We usually (to have) friends for dinner when we (to live) in a village.



4) I usually have one or two snacks during a day but I (to be in a hurry) yesterday so I (not to have) any.

5) Last year we (to go) to Paris where we (to see) a lot of interesting places, (to do) the shopping, (to go) to bed very late because we (to chat) a lot with our new French friends.

6) I (to pull) myself together easily at our last meeting because I (to have) an early night.

7) (To work) extra hours when you (to work) at Linkist, ltd?

8) What you (to be) responsible for at your previous job?

9) How much your brother-in-law (to earn) when he (to work) for Mr. Blake?

10) My holiday pay last year (to be) 1,000 $.


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