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A) Read the two texts and translate them into Russian in writing.

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  1. A Feast of Russian Arts
  2. A. Do pre-reading tasks before each abstract, then read and translate the abstracts about the basics of management.
  3. A. Read and translate the text.
  4. A. Read and translate the text.
  5. A. Read and translate the text.
  6. A. Read and translate the text.
  7. A. Read and translate the text.
  8. A. Read and translate the text.
  9. A. Read and translate the text.

1) Money is certainly something which is often discussed in todays world. Hardly a day goes by without the subject of money being raised in most peoples lives. However, it is highly debatable whether it is more important than other considerations, such as health and happiness, which some people consider to be of greater significance.

To begin with, it is often argued that having money enables people to exert influence over others. Wealthy businessmen, for example, are often the most highly respected members of society, and business tycoons are often consulted by world leaders, who then make policies which affect the whole population. As a consequence, money can be seen as the single most important factor in daily life.

Secondly, from the point of view of the individual, money is vital for survival. Western society is structured in such a way that, without money, people are deprived of the means to obtain proper nutrition and health care. Furthermore, in some cases where state benefits are inadequate, the inability to pay heating bills can indeed become a matter of life and death. This is clearly illustrated by the fact that, according to Social Services, the majority of deaths due to hypothermia each winter occur among low-income groups.

On the other hand, many people claim that one of the factors in life which is undoubtedly of greater importance that money is health. As Izaak Walton said, health is a blessing that money cannot buy. What is more, money is of little consolation to those who are suffering from health problems. Despite the fact that money can pay for the best medical care available, this is no guarantee of a longer life.

In addition, most people would agree that personal happiness easily outweighs money in importance. Even if an individual is extremely rich, this does not necessarily lead to happiness. In some cases, the contrary is true and vast wealth brings with it a whole range of problems and insecurities. Genuine happiness cannot be bought and is usually independent of financial status.

On the whole, although there are those who would rank money as the single most important thing in life, the vast majority would disagree. Money, they argue, has an important part to play but perhaps the world would be a more harmonious place to live in if this were kept in proportion and society put more emphasis on moral issues.



2) In recent years life has greatly improved. The standard of living is higher and all people can afford to buy things they couldnt in the past. I truly believe that life today is better and many things make people happy.

To begin with, unless people are healthy, a persons life is unbearable and not worth living. When my father was seriously ill in hospital, I clearly remember how nothing else mattered to any of us, and we then learnt that the people we love are more important than money.

Then theres the question of your boyfriend or girlfriend. I dont it matters if theyre rich although it would be nice! Whats more important is whether you see eye to eye. I once went out with a really rich guy but we didnt get on and I finished with him. This shows that money isnt everything.

Also, statistics show that different people can be unhappy. Rich people can be just as unhappy as poor people. So why do some people always say that money is everything? I know theyre wrong to think that. Money cant buy happiness.



But its nice to live a life of luxury. Why take the bus when you can take a taxi? And why not send your children to thee best schools and pay for the best doctors? Theres no doubt about it, its a good feeling being rich and powerful.

So, money is great while it lasts! But you cant beat having a good time. So if youve got money, make the most of it and if youre happy, enjoy yourself.

Which of the two models would you support? Give your reasons. Discuss the models using the clichés: Id say , As far as Im concerned, To be quite/perfectly frank/ honest, I couldnt say, (Im afraid), Its difficult to say .


: 2014-12-30; : 24;


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VOCABULARY FOCUS. Ex. 1. Explain the meaning of the following terms. | Listening
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