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PUBLIC LIBRARIES




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There is a public library in every town in Great Britain. There are branch libraries in most villages. Anyone may become a member, and it costs nothing to borrow books. Three books may be borrowed at a time, but only two may be novels. If there are four persons in the family, they can, between them, take home twelve books. These books can be kept for fortnight, so there is no difficulty in providing the family with the all reading that is needed. If, at the end of the fortnight, you have not finished reading a book, you may renew it for another fortnight. If the book you want is out, you may ask for it to be kept for you, and if you pay the cost of a postcard, the librarian will let you know when the book has been returned and is ready for you.

Most public libraries also have a reading-room and a reference library. In the reading-room there are tables and desks at which you can sit and read the daily papers and all the other important periodicals. In the reference libraries there are encyclopedias, dictionaries, atlases, and numerous other books. These may not be taken away.

 

I. Выберите правильное утверждение, соответствующее информации, данной в тексте:

 

a) It costs 1) nothing; 2) some money; 3) a lot of money to borrow books from a library.

b) If, at the end of the fortnight, you have not finished reading a book, you may renew it for 1) another five days; 2) another fortnight; 3) another month.

c) In the reading-roam there are 1) tables and desks; 2) chairs and sofas; 3) a TV set.

 

П. Верны ли следующие утверждения?

 

a) There is a public library in every town in Great Britain.

b) Ten books may be borrowed at a time.

c) In the reference libraries there are encyclopedias, dictionaries, atlases, and numerous other books that can be taken away.


Контрольное задание N 2

Для правильного выполнения задания N2 необходимо изучить следующие разделы курса английского языка:

1. Видовременные формы глагола в активном и пассивном залоге.

2. Согласование времен.

Вариант 1

I. Переведите предложения, подчеркните в них сказуемое.

1. If the weather is bad on Saturday, we will not go to the country.



2. A friend of mine Rob Jenkins went to see a doctor.

3. There are four places at the table.

II. Определите какую видовременную форму глагола следует употребить при переводе на английский язык следующих предложений:

1. Я учусь (1) в университете. a) Present Simple

Я учусь(2) здесь с сентября. b) Present Continuous

Я учу (3) английский язык. с) Present Perfect Continuous

Сейчас мы повторяем (4)

английские времена. Мы

повторяем (5) их уже вторую

неделю.

2. Где Иванов? - Он уехал (1) a) Past Simple

в Москву. - Когда он уехал(2)? c) Present Perfect

-Он уехал (3) несколько дней тому

назад.- Я никогда не был (4) в Москве

3. Был (1) вечер. Моя мама читала (2) a) Past Simple

книгу, а я писал (3) письмо. Вдруг b) Past Continuous

вошел (4) мамин брат. Мы разгова c) Past Perfect

ривали (5) около часа, когда позво d) Past Perfect Continuous

нила (6) его жена и напомнила (7)

ему о театре.

4. Не звоните мне от 3 до 5: я буду a) Future Simple

работать (1). А когда я выполню b) Future Continuous

работу (2), мы вместе пойдем c) Future Perfect

погулять. d) Future Perfect Continuous

e) Present Simple



III. Выпишите предложения, в которых сказуемое выражено формой:

a) Indefinite Tense, b) Continuous Tense, с) Perfect Tense. Переведите их на русский язык.

1. It often rains in this part of the world.

2. Take your umbrella. It is raining cats and dogs.

3. My parents have been to the USA three times.

4. My parents have a large house in the country.

5. When did you go there?

IV. Выпишите из текста глаголы, выраженные формой страдательного залога. Переведите текст на русский язык.

Stamps

In 1840, Rowland Hill's Penny Stamp Act became law. Under this law, letters were paid for by weight. Previously, they had been charged according to the distance or number of sheets. It also became compulsory to pay for postage in advance. This had not always been done before and often people had refused to pay for letters which were delivered to them. Stamps were introduced in 1840 as an easy way of checking the postage had been paid. As Britain was the first country to see stamps widely, the country's name was not written on them. However, the head of the ruling monarch appears on every stamp.

V. Определите время и залог сказуемого и переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Don't you see that you are being laughed at?

2. The thief was seen driving away from the house in a truck.

3. They said this book had been published by the end of the month.

4. The poem was written in 1827.

5. They play was very nice and warmly received by the audience.

VI. Раскройте скобки и поставьте глагол в соответствующую видо-временную и залоговую форму.

1. Your brother (live) in Moscow?

2. Usually I have coffee in the morning, but now I (drink) tea.



3. My elder sister (finish) school next year.

4. I can give Bob the message if I (see) him.

5. The letters (send) yet?

6. The lecture (begin) at 6 yesterday.

7. The police caught Dan when he (rob) a bank.

8. I apologized I (not/phone) her.

9. When the book (write)?

VII. Перепишите и письменно переведшие следующие предложения на русский язык.

l. Yesterday Tom heard that his aunt had been too ill for five days.

2. We were told that Andrew was going to enter that college.

3. My parents said that we would celebrate my birthday on Sunday.

VIII. Прочтите и письменно переведите текст.

Oxford

Oxford is like London: it is international, it is very old and it has great charm. It is also a town that grew up near the river Thames.

Oxford is international because people from many parts of the world come to study at its university. They come to study at one of the twenty-seven men's colleges or at one of the five women's colleges that are the university: they join the university "family" that has more than 9,000 members.

Oxford is old and historical. It has existed since 912. The university was established in 1249. The oldest of the twenty-seven men's colleges is University College.

You can see the charm of Oxford in the green fields and parks which surround the city and you can see it in the lawns and gardens which surround the colleges. You can see the chain of Oxford in the river Thames and its streams which pass near the city.

Do you know that the name Oxford means the part of the river Thames where the oxen (cattle) forded (crossed)?

IX. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Why is Oxford international?

2. When was the Oxford University established?

3. What is the origin of the name Oxford?


Вариант 2

I. Переведите предложения, подчеркните в них сказуемое.

1. The Browns live near London.

2. Have you ever been abroad?

3. I am going to Glasgow to my friends.

II. Определите, какую видовременную форму глагола следует употребить при переводе на английский язык следующих предложений:

1. Что вы переводите (1)? a) Simple Present

Я перевожу (2) статью. b) Present Continuous

Сколько времени с) Present Perfect Continuous

вы ее переводите (3)?

Я перевожу (4) ее уже два часа.

Я перевожу(5) три статьи в неделю.

2. - Вы когда-нибудь были (1) в Крыму? a) Past Simple

- Да. - Когда вы были (2) там в последний раз? b) Present Perfect

- Я был (3) там в прошлом году.

3. - Катя вышла (1) из института, села (2) в a) Past Simple

в автобус и поехала (3) домой. Когда она b) Past Continuous

пришла (4) домой, ее сын готовил (5) уроки. c) Past Perfect

Пока он занимался(6), она готовила(7)ужин. d) Past Perfect Continuous

4. На следующей неделе мы к вам приедем(1). a) Future Simple

К концу недели мы сделаем (2) ремонт. b) Future Continuous

Мы не сможем прийти к вам в гости, мы c) Future Perfect

будем (3) делать ремонт в этот момент. d) Future Perfect Continuous

e) Present Simple

IV. Выпишите предложения, в которых сказуемое выражено формой: a) Indefinite Tense b) Continuous Tense, с) Perfect Tense. Переведите их на русский язык.

1. Our friends usually come to see us on Sunday.

2. She bought a wonderful ring a week ago.

3. What are you doing?

4. I have never met him before.

5. When the telephone rang, Mr. Jackson was playing the piano.

VI. Выпишите из текста глаголы, выраженные формой страдательного залога. Переведите текст на русский язык.


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