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Third Deadliest Hurricane to Hit the United States




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Hurricane Katrina of 2005, the third deadliest hurricane in United States history, killed at least 1500 people. Katrina made landfall in the United States at three different locations. Katrina's first land fall was near the Miami-Dade / Broward county line in Florida, dropping 10 to 14 inches of rain, just

after reaching hurricane status. After crossing Florida it strengthened in the Gulf of Mexico and made landfall near Buras, Louisiana and then made land fall again near the Louisiana / Mississippi border as a Category 3 hurricane. Katrina's highest storm surge of 25 to 28 feet occurred along the Mississippi coast. Also, this storm dropped 8 to 12 inches of rain inland from the northern Gulf coast and spawned thirty-three tornadoes.

Five Deadliest Hurricanes in U.S. History

 

Hurricane Year Category Deaths
Great Galveston Hurricane 8000-12000
Okeechobee Hurricane 2500-3000
Hurricane Katrina 1500+
Louisiana Hurricane 1100-1400
S. Carolina / Georgia 1000-2000

 

Data from NOAA.

 

Damage from the Great Galvesten Hurricane

Damage from the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 was caused by the hurricane and resulting storm surge. This was the greatest natural disaster in terms of loss of life in U.S. history. (top photo) So many people were killed that horse carts were used to transport bodies through the streets of Galveston. The bodies were placed on barges and buried at sea. Others were burned in huge funeral pyres. (bottom photo) Photos and captions from NOAA

 

Highest Wind Speed at Landfall in US History

 

Hurricane Category Wind Speed (mph)
74-95
96-110
111-130
131-155
155+

Meteorologists use sustained wind speed to determine what category a hurricane is. To the left is a table showing what wind speeds define the different storm categories. The wind speed must last for over one minute to be considered a sustained wind while a gust is the highest winds for a three second period with in the one minute sustained reading. Most of the highest wind speeds at landfall are estimated because of damage to or



lack of wind recording insturments.


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