:





. . .




:
  1. S: ?
  2. VIII. .
  3. ,
  4. .

. .

. . . .

( ).

 

.-. (Hadamard J.-S.) 208

. (Adler .) 45

. (Alexander S.) 216

(Alcmaeon) 188

. (Albert .) 39, 45, 187, 334

(Anaximander) 172, 180, 180, 188, 242, 325

(Anaximenes) 188, 325

(Aristotle) 10, 14, 21, 99, 104, 125, 125, 149, 154, 158, 183, 191, 191

. (Bayes T.) 141

(Barlow Nora) 25In

. . III (Bartley W.W. III) 234, 338, 346

. (Butler S.) 230, 230, 248, 259, 262

. . (Bach J. S.) 48

P. (Bentley R.) 190

A. (Bergson H.) 259, 271

. (Berkeley G.) 38, 38, 41, 44, 46, 68, 70, 73, 90, 109, 110, 128, 128, 129, 129, 149, 171, 281

. (Bernard .) 249

. (BertalanfTy L. von) 207n

. (Beethoven L. van) 216, 216, 246

. . 108 . (Black M.) 296

. . (Baldwin J. M.) 72, 238, 258, 258

. (Baldwin E.) 235

. (Bolzano .) 77, 109, 118, 126, 127, 127, 149, 152, 153, 161, 291, 349

. (Boltzmann L.) 286

. (Bohm D.) 208

. (Bohr N.) 20, 17, 197, 200, 200, 207, 209, 210, 261, 282, 288

. (Born M.) 180, 180, 193, 200, 239, 284, 286, 286 . (Bothe W.) 200

() . . (Boskovic, Boscovich R. J.) 304

(Brahe, Tycho) 333

.. (Brown R.W.) 53n

. . . (Brouwer L. E. J.) 111, 112, 119, 120, 129, 129, 130, 132, 133, 133, 134-136, 136, 137, 138, 138, 139, 149, 290

.. (BreckA.D.) 272

. (Bridgman P.) 166

. (Brillouin L.) 208

, (Broglie, Prince Louis de) 208, 261

(Buddha) 283

. (Boole G.) 141

M. (Bunge M.) 47, 142, 149, 151, 176, 199, 287

. (Busch W.) 61, 61

. (Bacon F.) 183, 185, 186, 320, 332

. (Bhler .) 48, 121, 149, 159, 227, 227

() . (Wald .) [, .] 304

. (Weyl H.) 180, 285, 286

P. (Vesley R.) 136, 139, 150



. . (Wigner E. .) 47, 180

. . (Vigier J. .) 208

. . (Wiesel . N.) 77

. . (Wiener . .) 195, 333

. (Wittgenstein L.) 128, 152, 295, 295, 296, 303

.. (Wright G. . Von) 96

. (Woodger J. .) 52, 308, 315, 347

.-. (Haydn F.-J.) 177

(Galileo) 26, 168, 169, 169, 170-172, 172, 173, 173, 174, 178, 183, 187, 193, 193, 195, 196, 253, 332, 333

. . . (Hegel G.W. F.) 108, 109, 126, 127, 150, 153, 154, 158, 282, 285, 349

ø . (Gdel .) 54, 160, 304, 308

(358:)

. (Heisenberg W.) 200, 207, 209, 209, 211, 212, 219, 225, 261, 281, 286-288

. (HeytingA.) 111, 130, 130, 137, 138, 139, 139, 150, 290

. (Huxsley .) 354

.. (Hempel CG.) 30

. (Henry P.) 150

(Heraclitus) 46

. (Hörmann H.) 53

(Herodotus) 180, 180

(Hesiod) 180

. (Ghiberti L.) 177

. (HobbesT.) 10, 151

. . (Goldschmidt R. .) 269, 269, 270, 270, 271

X. (Goldbach .) 120, 120, 160

, (Gombrich, Sir Ernst) 136, 150, 177, 246



. (Gomperz H.) 150, 152, 349

- A. (Grattan-Guinness I.) 11

. . (Green D. .) 235

. (Grünbaum .) 11, 337, 341, 343

. . (Good I. J.) 47

. (Humboldt W.von) 48

. (Husserl E.) 150, 152, 161

. (Darwin F.) 251

. (Darwin .) 29, 72, 235, 248, 249, 251, 251, 252, 257, 259, 260, 260, 261, 270, 270, 271, 275

P. (Descartes R.) 10, 41, 43, 44, 46, 73, 78, 81, 109, 119, 129, 129, 130, 131, 149, 159, 190, 191, 222, 223, 223, 225, 240, 244, 247, 334

. . (Jennings . S.) 34, 34, 72, 180, 180, 238, 239

. (Diels H.) 188

. (Dilthey W.) 158, 168, 172, 172, 179, 183, 183, 185

(Diogenes Laertius) 156n

. (Dirac P.) 200, 210, 261

. (Drake S.) 172

. (Duane W.) 287

. (Dewey J.) 68

. . (Davies J. .) 329

() . (Duhem P.) 195,

. . (Ducasse C.J.) 128, 129, 149

(Euclid) 132, 136

. (Jordan P.) 207

. (Kahn . .) 242

. (Kant I.) 14, 15, 33, 36, 41, 46, 73, 82, 88, 89, 89, 94, 95, 98, 107, 109, 112, 123, 129, 130, 130, 131, 131, 132-135,150, 154, 176,205, 212, 229, 258, 304, 320, 321, 349, 355

P. (Carnap R.) 27, 27, 54, 55, 168, 278, 316

. (Carus P.) 207, 208

. . (Carus . L.) 208

(Catullus) 185

, (Keller, Helen) 160

. (Kepler J.) 26, 65, 74, 86, 171, 173, 176, 185, 187, 193, 193, 195, 196, 199, 205, 238, 253, 261, 284, 332, 333, , 342-344



() (Kipa (a Sherpa)) 43, 43

. . (Kleene S. .) 136, 139, 150

. ( .) 310

.. (Collingwood R. G.) 158, 159, 162, 165, 179, 179, 183, 184, 184, 185

. . (Colodny R. G.) 30

. X. (Compton A. H.) 200, 200, 201, 201, 206, 207, 208, 208, 209, 210, 210, 211, 211, 212, 212, 218-220, 222, 222, 223, 224, 224, 225, 225, 226, 237, 239, 239, 240, 240, 246, 247

. (Comte .) 253

. (Copernicus N.) 170, 171, 172, 173, 334

.-. (Coriolis G.-G.) 169

. (Krner S.) 209

. (Kotarbinski .) 305

P. (Cotes R.) 190

.. (Kramers H.A.) 200, 200, 209

. (Kranz W.) 188

. (Kretschmann E.) 176

. (Kronecker L.) 119, 159

(Xenophanes) 326

. . . (Quine W. V. .) 66, 278, 278, 279, 285, 285, 291

197

. . (Kuhn . S.) 179, 209

. (Cajori F.) 194n

. . (Campbell D.T.) 72

() . (Lakatos I.) 28, 127, 136, 142, 150, 164, 164, 177, 270, 270, 280, 350

. (Lamarck J.) 258, 259, 261, 267

.-. (de Lamettrie J. J. (Offray de LaMettrie))217

. (Lande .) 47, 281, 287, 288

. . (Laplace P.S.) 135, 207, 214, 216, 221, 258

. . 108, 200, 353

() .-. (Le Sage G.-L.) 259, 259

. . (Leibniz G.W.) 38, 153, 205, 304

. . (Lettvin J. Y.) 145

. (Livingstone D.) 295, 296

. . (Leavis F. R.) 78

. (Ligeti D.) 350

P. (Lillie R.) 207, 225

. (Lindauer M.) 227, 229

. (Locke J.) 10, 41, 44, 46, 68, 73, 80, 90, 109, , 128, 158

. (Lorenz .) 74, 76, 99, 239,

(Lucretius) 208, 259

. (Lutz .) 236

. . (Lewis . D.) 190, 340, 346

. . (Lashley K.L.) 53

. (Mazurkiewicz S.) 313, 313

. (.)271

. (MyhillJ.) 137, 137, 151

. (Macbeth N.) 270, 270

- . (MacKenna S.) 150

. (Maxwell G.) 27, 59, 150, 199, 286, 346, 347

. . (Maxwell J. .) 197, 197, 198, 247, 261, 288, 334

. (Marx .) 40

P.M. (Martin R.M.) 309, 309

. . (Martin . .) 104

A. (Musgrave .) 28, 145, 151, 164, 235, 338, 347

. (Mach E.) 47, 90, 187, 246

, (Medawar, Sir Peter) 249, 256, 256, 258

. (Medicus F.) 207n

. (Menger .) 304

. (Merwe A. van der) 47n

. . (Miller D.W.) 11, 40, 59, 63, 78, 337, 337, 341-343, 343, 344, 344, 345, 345, 346-348&,

.. (Mill J. S.)158

. (Moser S.) 26, 187, 199, 320

. (Monteverdi .) 348

. . (Morgan . L.) 72

A. (Mostowski .) 160

. (Motte .) 194

. . (Mozart W. .) 216, 216, 246

. . (Moore G. .) 44, 44

. (Nagel E.) 150, 151, 289

200

. (Neugebauer .) 172

. (Neumann J. von) 209n

. (Neurath .) 66, 66

. (Nelson E.) 47

. (Needham J.) 235n

. (Nietzsche F.) 283, 284

- . . (Nowell-Smith P. H.) 207

. (Newton 1.) 20, 26, 29, 45, 50, 59, 61, 63, 65, 94, 103, 104, 132, 135, 171, 172, 172, 173, 187, 190, 190, 191, 193, 193, 194, 194, 195, 195, 196, 204, 204, 205, 205, 206, 206, 207, 208, 212, 214, 253, 257, 259, 261, 288, 332, 333, 333, 334, 341-343

. . (Ogden . .) 152

, (Ockham, William of) 278, 278, 279, 280, 285, 286, 286

. (Orwell G.) 215

' . (' .) 337, 337, 338, 338, 339, 339, 347

(Parmenides) 14, 72, 250, 285

. (Pauli W.) 261

. . (Powell J. U) 182n

. (Pemberton .) 20

. . (Petersen A. F.) 11

.. (PirieN.W.)217n

. . (Peirce . S.) 205, 206&, 207, 208, 208, 2, 214, 219, 240-242, 281

(Pythagoras) 176, 325

(Pytheas of Marseilles) 21,21, 99

. (Planck M.) 207, 207, 286, 287

(Plato) 108, 109, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 136, 151, 153, 154, 156, 156, 158, 191, 285, 286, 349

(Plotinus) 125, 126, 126, 130, 150, 151, 158

. (Podolsky .) 47, 209, 210

. (Polya G.) 134

. P. (Popper . R.) 12-15, 26, 40, 45, 47, 55, 59, 62, 70, 72, 73, 75, 81, 88, 93, 102, 105, 108, &, 119, 121, 122, 124&, 127, 128, 135, 136, 142, 143, 151, 152, 153, 154, 158, 159, 163, 164, 171, 173, 175, 176, 179, 181-183, 185-187, 189, 190, 198, 199&, 200, 203, 205, 208, 209, 215, 217, 231, 233, 234, 248, 252, 272, 282, 283, 287, 300-303, 305, 306, 310, 313-315, 320, 326, 329, 334, 337&, 338&, 346-356

(Ptolemy) 170, 172, 173

A. (Poincare H.) 141

. (Ryle G.) 20, 21, 217

. . (Ramsey F. .) 82

. (Ranke L.von) 185, 186

. (Russell .) 12, 16, 1, 18, 19, 22, 22, 36, 44, 44, 49, 49, 70, 70, 71, 77, 88, 90, 93, 94, 96, 97, 109, 110, 112, 128, 128, 129, 141, 146, 151, 345, 346

X. (Routledge H.) 43, 43

. (Reichenbach H.) 289

(Rembrandt) 48, 185

. (Reid .) 10, 37, 44, 73, 81, 102

A.A. (Richards I.A.) 152, 159, 165

P.M. (Robinson R..) 160

. (Rosen N.) 47, 209

. (Rootselaar . van) 108, 199

, (Ross, Sir David) 125n . (RossG.) 159n

. . (Raven . .) 233, 249

. . 13, 108, 173, 190, 200

. . (Simon A.W.) 200, 200

(Sextus Empiricus) 101, 156

- . A. (Selby-Bigge L.A.) 14,

90-92, 98, 346

. . (Simpson G. G.) 234, 238, 258

.. (Skinner . F.) 215

() . A. (Skolem . .) 304

. (Slater J. .) 200, 200, 209

197

. (Soddy F.) 20

355

. (Spedding J.) 186

. (Spencer H.) 233, 248, 248, 249,

253, 253, 254, 257, 258, 261

. (Spinoza .) 41, 132, 205

. . (Staal J. F.) 108, 199

. (Stove D.) 20, 93

. . (Strawson P. F.) 21

. (Suppes P.) 150, 151, 289

() . (Szilard L.) 141

A. (Seward . .) 251

. (Salmon W.) 87

. . 197

. (Tarski .) 9, 48, 51, 51, 52, 52, 53, 53, 54, 54, 55-59, 59, 64-66, 121, 150, 151, 160,168,289, 291, 292, 296-301, 301, 302, 303-305, 307, 308, 308, 309, 309, 310, 310, 311, 312, 312, 313, 313, 315, 315, 316, 316, 317, 318, 318, 319,340, 340, 346, 347&, 351

. (Tichy P.) 59, 343, 347

(Tycho Brahe) 333

. . (Turing A. M.) 217

. . (Whitehead A. N.) 123

. . (Wisdom J. .) 25In

.. (Wheeler J. A.) 239, 239

.. (Waddington . .) 234, 238, 258, 258

.. (WarnockG.J.) 96

.. (Whorf B.L.) 135, 135, 151, 164

. . . (Watkins J. W. N.) 11, 40, 96, 124, 151, 182, 341-343

(Thales) 188n, 325

. (Fowler H.W.) 55n

. (Feigl H.) 27, 59, 150, 199, 278, 279, 286, 346

. . (Feyerabend P. .) 27, 59, 143, 149, 199, 199, 286, 346, 347

. (Feuerbach L.) 40

(Theodosius) 183, 185

(Theon of Smyrna) 104n

. (Fermat .) 112

P. (Fisher, Sir R.) 234

. (Flew A.) 11

. (Volkmann R.) 151

, . (Thomas Aquinas, Saint) 130

. . (Forster . .) 34

. (Frege G.) 78, 109, 111, 111, 127, 128, 128, 150, 152, 153, 155, 155, 161, 346, 349

. (Freud S.) 45

.-. (Fresnel A.-J.) 197, 197, 198

. (Frisch . von) 227, 229

. (Foucault L.) 169

(Haack Susan) 340, 346

. ., (Hayek F. . von) 115, 119, 150, 151, 159, 181, 322, 343, 346

. (Heinemann F.) 150

, (Huxley, Sir Julian) 258

. (Huxley .) 215

, (Hardy, Sir Allster) 271

. . (Harris J. .) 337, 346

. (Harsanyi J. .) 27&

. (Hutton J.) 271

.. (Hill E.L.) 286, 286

.. (Heath D.D.) 186

. (Haldane John .) 234

.. (Haldane . S.) 159

P. (Hochhuth R.) 40

. . (Hubel D. .) 77

.. (Hamlyn D.W.) 54

. P. (Hanson N. R.) 210

, (Caesar Caius Julius) 185

(Cicero) 14, 14, 101, 185

, (Churchill, Sir Winston) 40, 49, 50, 50, 51, 55, 69, 85

, (Chadwick, Sir James) 210

. (Schwartz J.) 289, 289

. (Shakespeare W.) 54

. (Shearmur J.) 11

, (Sherrington, SirCharles) 258, 258

.. (Schilpp P.A.) 49, 70, 152, 210, 337-339, 341, 347, 350

. (Schlick M.) 207, 218, 219, 219, 221, 224, 240, 295

. (Schopenhauer .) 205, 283, 284

. (Schrdinger E.) 176, 200, 207, 208, 211, 238, 239, 258, 258, 280

. . (Abbot . G.) 259

. (Edwards P.) 5in, 54,

A. (Einstein A.) 20, 26, 34, 45, 47, 49, 49, 59, 60, 60, 63, 65, 70, 70, 75, 86, 103, 104, 135, 172, 172, 176, 180, 180, 181, 197, 201, 207, 207,208,209, 209, 210, 217,239, 249, 249, 252, 255, 259, 261, 286, 315, 325, 341, 342, 344

. (EckartC.) 212

, (Eccles, Sir John) 10, 39, 39, 78, 337, 347, 350

. (Exner F.) 206

. . (Ellis R.L.) 186

. . (Allison S. .) 200, 201

. (Elsasser W.) 207

, (Eschenbach, Marie Ebner von) 46n

. (Hume D.) 10, 13, 14, 14, 15, 15, 16, 16, 17, 18, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 25, 32, 34, 35-38, 39, 44, 46, 68, 73, 81, 89, 90, 90, 91, 91, 92, 92, 93, 93, 94, 96, 97, 98, 98, 99, 100, 102, 109, 110, 128, 159, 212, 213, 213, 214, 214, 217, 217, 218, 220, 220, 221, 240, 261, 303, 329, 343, 346, 350

. . (Jung CG.) 45

. (Yourgrau W.) 47, 272

. . (Urey H.C.) 20


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