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VII. Look through the text and write out the key historical terms. VIII. – Match the historical terms listed up in column A with the definitions provided in column B. A B Victorian Era the reign of Emperor




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VIII. – Match the historical terms listed up in column A with the definitions provided in column B.

A B
Victorian Era the reign of Emperor Mutsuhito (1867-1912), during which Japan began a rapid process of Westernization, industrialization, and expansion in foreign affairs;
Edwardian Era relating to a Frankish dynasty founded by Clovis I, which ruled Gaul and Germany from about 500 to 751 A.D;
Napoleonic Era relating to or characteristic of Napoleon I (1769-1821), Emperor of the French (1804-15), or his era;
Merovingian Period relating to a person surnamed Jackson, esp. Andrew Jackson, the US president, general, and lawyer (1767-1845);
Jacksonian Era relating to or characteristic of Victoria (1819-1901), queen of the United Kingdom (1837-1901) and empress of India (1876-1901), or the period of her reign;
Meiji Era denoting, relating to, or having the style of life, architecture, dress, etc., current in Britain during the reign (1901-10) of Edward VII (1841-1910)

– Exemplify the use of the lexis listed up in column A and make the sentences of your own.

IX. Complete the following statements to develop the idea:

Ø Periodization is the attempt to …

Ø Most sciences that engage the history …

Ø Periodization from the sciences includes …

Ø Historical periods are …

Ø Different nations and cultures require …

Ø Periodizing labels are …

Ø Certain periodizing concepts only apply …

Ø The concept of the "Romantic period" may be …

Ø It is possible to claim that …

Ø Periodizing terms often have …

Ø Giorgio Vasari coined the term …

Ø The word "baroque" (probably) was used first in …

Ø The term Dark Ages is no longer …

Ø It is important to recognize the difference …

 

X. Answer the questions on the text:

1. What is periodization?

2. What does periodization from the sciences include?

3. Why is it useful to divide history up?

4. How are historical periods limited?

5. What usage have periodizing concepts?

6. What connotations do periodizing terms often have?



7. Why are people living through a period unable to identify themselves as belonging to the period that historians may later assign to them?

8. When was the word "baroque" probably used first?

9. Why is it important to recognize the difference between self-defined historical periods, and those which are later defined by historians?

10. Who coined the term "Gothic"?

11. What was a general belief at the beginning of the 20th century?

 

XI. Insert prepositions in the gaps and translate the text.


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