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Methods and tools




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  1. DATA MANAGEMENT TOOLS

Contemporaneous corroboration: A method historians use to establish facts beyond their limited lifespan.

Prosopography: A methodological tool for the collection of all known information about individuals within a given period.

Historical revisionism: Traditionally been used in a completely neutral sense to describe the work or ideas of a historian who has revised a previously accepted view of a particular topic.

 

III. Study the given bellow lexical units and provide their Ukrainian variant:

subject  
the period being studied  
recent events  
participant  
to resemble  
to rely on  
flaw  
generally accepted  
evidence  
unquestionable  
judgment  
account book  
to entertain as well as to inform  

 

IV. Define the key sentences of the text.

 

V. Complete the following statements to develop the idea:

v The historical method comprises …

v Higher criticism combines such issues as …

v Internal criticism includes …

v A few basic steps in the work of historian are …

v Primary sources are …

v Secondary sources consist of …

v For studying recent events historians use …

v Basic historical facts are …

v Some historians rely on …

v Methods and tools, that historians use in their research, are …

 

VI. Give synonyms to the underlined words:

· issue;

· to interpret the information obtained;

· useful data;

· error;

· account of events

 

VII. Explain the expressions in other words:

§ primary sources;

§ secondary sources;

§ motion pictures;

§ confidential reports;

§ meaning and significance;

§ to reveal most accurately

 

VIII. Find English equivalents for the following:

§ включати/охоплювати техніки та провідні принципи;

§ свідчення;

§ щоденник;

§ урядові документи/записи;

§ доповнювати;

§ нестача/брак інформації;

§ лише фрагменти;

§ безсторонній, неупереджений;

§ переконання та упередження;

§ надійне свідчення;

§ перепис населення

 

IX. Answer the questions on the text:



1. What are the basic steps for historians to study some historical issue or person?

2. Why are primary sources more preferable to historians than secondary ones?

3. What kind of historical sources have you dealt with during your study at the faculty?

4. Why is the work of historians described in the article as that of detectives?

5. What are the ways to determine the reliability of the sources?

6. Why do historians often disagree about the meaning of some historical events?

7. Can you give the examples of using information from other social sciences to form interpretation of some historical events?

X. Make up a plan of the text in the form of statements.


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