1. And (s) represents the gene for the deformed Haemoglobin.
  2. Conjuga el presente de subjuntivo de los siguientes verbos
  3. Ejercicio 1 Completa con los verbos del recuadro en presente de subjuntivo.
  4. Ejercicio 2. Completa con el Pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo
  5. Ejercicio 6. Completa con los verbos del recuadro en imperfecto de subjuntivo.
  6. Ex 11 Open the brackets putting the infinitive in the Future Perfect.
  9. III. Read Mr. Lopez presentation.
  10. Labor Demand and Supply in a Perfectly Competitive Market

48 (a)Fill the spaces by repeating the auxiliary used in the question, putting it into the negative where necessary.

(b) Put the verb in brackets into the present perfect or the past simple tense.

1. Have you seen that play? a) Yes, I ... Yes, I have.

(b) Yes, I (be) there last night. Yes, I was there last night.

1. Have you wound the clock? (a) Yes, I ... (b) Yes, I (wind) it on Monday.

2. Have you ever eaten snails? (a) No, I ... (b) Yes, I (eat) some at Tom's party last week.

3. Has she fed the dog? (a) Yes, I think she ... (b) Yes, she (feed) him before lunch.

4. Have they repaired the road? (a) No, they ... (b) They only (repair) part of

it so far.

5. Have they done their homework? (a) Yes, they (do) it all. (b) Yes, they (do) it before

they left school.

6. Have you found the matches? (a) No, I ... (b) No, I (not find) them yet.

7. Have you made the coffee? (a) Yes, I ... (b) I (make) some yesterday,

we can use that.

8. Have you been here before? (a) No, I ... (b) Yes, I (be) here several times.

9. Have you seen him lately? (a) No, I ... (b) No, I (not see) him since Christmas.

10. Have you been to the opera

this week? (a) Yes, I ... (b) Yes, I (go) to Faust on Friday.

11. Have you ever driven this car? (a) Yes, I (drive) it once or twice.

(b) Yes, I (drive) it when you were away.

12. Has he missed his train? (a) No, he ... (b) Yes, he ... It (go) fives minutes ago.

13. Have they been through ustoms? (a) Yes, they... (b) Yes, their luggage (be) examined at Dover.

14. Has he spoken to her? (a) Yes, he ... (b) Yes, he (speak) to her on Friday.

15. Have you spent all your money? (a) No, I only (spend) half of it. (b) Yes, I ...

16. How much have you saved" since Christmas? (a) I (not save) anything (b) I (save) £3.

17. Has his temperature gone down? (a) No, it ... (b) Yes, it (go) down last night.

18. Have you seen his garden? (a) No, I (not see) it yet (b) I (see) the house on

Monday but I (not see) the garden.

19 Have you paid the bill? (a) Yes, I ... (b) Yes, I (pay) it while 'you were away.

20. Have you ever flown a plane? (a) No, I ... (b) Yes, I (fly) when I was at university.

21 Has your dog ever bitten anyone? (a) Yes, he (bite) a policeman last week, (b) Yes, he (bite) me twice.

22 Have you planted your peas? (a) Yes, I (plant) them on Tuesday, (b) No, I ... yet.

23. Has he written to the paper? (a) Yes, he ... (b) Yes, he (write) at once.

24. Have you ever drunk vodka? (a) No, I ... (b) I (drink) it once in Russia but I (not drink) it since.


49. Put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect or the past simple tense. In some sentences the present perfect progressive is also possible.

1. This is my house. ~ How long you (live) here? ~ I (live) here since 1970. 2. He (live) in London for two years and then (go) to Edinburgh. 3. You (wear) your hair long when you were at school? ~ Yes, my mother (insist) on it. 4. But when I (leave) school I (cut) my hair and (wear) it short ever since. 5. Shakespeare (write) a lot of plays. 6. My brother (write) several plays. He just (finish) his second tragedy. 7. I (fly) over Loch Ness last week. ~ You (see) the Loch Ness monster? 8. I (not see) him for three years. I wonder where he is. 9. He (not smoke) for two weeks. He is trying to give it up. 10. Chopin (compose) some of his music in Majorca.

11. When he (arrive) ~ He (arrive) at 2.00. 12. You (lock) the door before you left the house?

13. I (read) his books when I was at school. I (enjoy) them very much 14. I can't go out because I (not finish) my work. 15. I never (drink) whisky. ~ Well, have some now. 16. I (write) the letter but I can't find a stamp. 17. The clock is slow. ~ It isn't slow, it (stop). 18. Here are your shoes; I just (clean) them. 19. I (leave) home at 8.00 and (get) here at twelve. 20. I (do) this sort of work when I (be) an apprentice. 21. He just (go) out. 22. He (go) out ten minutes ago. 23. You (have) breakfast yet? ~ Yes, I (have) it at 8.00. 24. I (meet) him last June.

25. You (see) the moon last night? 26. The concert (begin) at 2.30 and (last) for two hours. Eve ryone (enjoy) it very much. 27. The play just (begin). You are a little late. 28. The newspaper (come)? ~ Yes, Ann is reading it. 29. The actors (arrive) yesterday and (start) rehearsals early this morning. 30. It (be) very cold this year. I wonder when it is going to get warmer. 31. Cervantes (write) Don Quixote. 32. We (miss) the bus. Now we'll have to walk.

33 He (break) his leg in a skiing accident last year. 34. Mr Pound is the bank manager. He (be) here for five years 35. Mr Count (work) as a cashier for twenty-five years. Then he (retire) and (go) to live in the country. 36. You (be) here before? ~ Yes, I (spend) my holidays here last year. ~ You (have) a good time? ~ No, it never (stop) raining.


50. Put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect or past simple tense. Fill the spaces by repeating the auxiliary used in the preceding verb.

You (see) Mary on Monday? ~ Yes, I ...

Did you see Mary on Monday? ~ Yes, I did.

1. Where is Tom? ~ I (not see) him today, but he (tell) Mary that he'd be in for dinner. 2. I (buy) this in Bond Street. ~ How much you (pay) for it? ~ I (pay) £100. 3. Where you (find) this knife? ~ I (find) it in the garden. ~ Why you (not leave) it there? 4. I (lose) my black gloves. You (see) them anywhere? ~ No, I'm afraid I ... When you last (wear) them? ~ I (wear) them at the theatre last night. ~ Perhaps you (leave) them at the theatre. 5. Do you know that lady who just (leave) the shop? ~ Yes, that is Miss Thrift. Is she a customer of yours? ~ Not exactly. She (be) in here several times but she never (buy) anything. 6. He (leave) the house at 8.00. ~ Where he (go)? ~ I (not see) where he (go). 7. He (serve) in the First Word War. ~ When that war (begin)? ~ It (begin) in 1914 and (last) for four years. 8. Who you (vote) for at the last election? ~ I (vote) for Mr Pitt. ~ He (not be) elected, (be) he? ~ No, he (lose) his deposit. 9. You (like) your last job? ~ I (like) it at first but then I (quarrel) with my employer and he (dismiss) me. ~ How long you (be) there? ~ I (be) there for two weeks. 10. I (not know) that you (know) Mrs Pitt. How long you (know) her? ~ I (know) her for ten years. 11. That is Mr Minus, who teaches me mathematics, but he 'flot have) time to teach me much. I only (be) in his class for a week. 12. You (hear) his speech on the radio last night? ~ Yes, I ... ~ What you (think) of it? 13. I (not know) that you (be) here. You (be) here long? ~ Yes, I (be) here two months. ~ You (be) to the Cathedral? ~ Yes, I (go) there last Sunday. 14. You ever (try) to give up smoking? ~ Yes, I (try) last year, but then I (find) that I was getting fat so I (start) again. 15. You (see) today's paper? ~ No, anything interesting (happen)? Yes, two convicted murderers (escape) from the prison down the road.

16. Mary (feed) the cat? ~ Yes, she (feed) him before lunch. ~ What she (give) him? ~ She (give) him some fish. 17. How long you (know) your new assistant? ~ I (know) him for two years. ~ What he (do) before he (come) here? ~ I think he (be) in prison. 18. I (not see) your aunt recently. ~ No. She (not be) out of her house since she (buy) her colour TV. 19. The plumber (be) here yet? ~ Yes, but he only (stay) for an hour. ~ What he (do) in that time? ~ He (turn) off the water and (empty) the tank. 20. Where you (be)? I (be) out in a yacht. ~ You (enjoy) it? ~ Yes, very much. We (take) part in a race. ~ You (win)? ~ No, we (come) in last.

21. How long that horrible monument (be) there? ~ It (be) there six months. Lots of people (write) to the Town Council asking them to take it away but so far nothing (be) done. 22. I just (be) to the film War and Peace. You (see) it? ~ No, I . Is it like the book? ~ I (not read) the book. ~ I (read) it when I (be) at school. ~ When Tolstoy (write) it? ~ He (write) it in 1868. ~ He (write) anything else? 23.~Hannibal (bring) elephants across the Alps. ~ Why he (do) that? ~ He (want) to use them in battle. 24. Where you (be)? ~ I (be) to the dentist. ~ He (take) out your bad tooth? ~ Yes, he ... ~ It (hurt)? ~ Yes, horribly. 25. She (say) that she'd phone me this morning, but it is now 12.30 and she (not phone) yet. 26. I just (receive) a letter saying that we (not pay) this quarter's electricity bill. I (not give) you the money for that last week? ~ Yes, you ... but I'm afraid I (spend) it on something else. 27. How long you (be) out of work? ~ I'm not out of work now. I just (start) a new job. ~ How you (find) the job? ~ I (answer) an advertisement in the paper. 28. You (finish) checking the accounts? ~ No, not quite. I (do) about half so far.

29. I (cut) my hand rather badly. Have you a bandage? ~ I'll get you one. How it (happen)? ~

I was chopping some wood and the axe (slip). 30. How you (get) that scar? ~ I (get) it in a car accident a year ago. 31. You (meet) my brother at the lecture yesterday? ~ Yes, I .... We (have) coffee together afterwards. 32. He (lose) his job last month and since then he (be) out of Work. ~ Why he (lose) his job? ~ He (be) very rude to Mr Pitt. 33. What are all those people looking at? ~ There (be) an accident. ~ You (see) what (happen)? ~ Yes, a motor cycle (run) into a lorry. 34. I (phone) you twice yesterday and (get) no answer. 35. Originally horses used in bull fights (not wear) any protection, but for some time now they (wear) special padding.

36. That house (be) empty for a year. But they just (take) down the "For sale" sign, so I suppose someone (buy) it.


51. Put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect progressive tense.

1. I (make) cakes. That is why my hands are all covered with flour. 2. Her phone (ring) for ten minutes. I wonder why she doesn't answer it. 3. He (overwork). That is why he looks so tired. 4. There is sawdust in your hair. ~ I'm not surprised. I (cut) down a tree. 5. Have you seen my bag anywhere? I (look) for it for ages. 6. What you (do)? ~ I (work) in the laboratory.

7. He (study) Russian for two years and doesn't even know the alphabet yet. 8. How long you (wait) for me? ~ I (wait) about half an hour. 9. It (rain) for two days now. There'll be a flood soon. 10. We (argue) about this for two hours now. Perhaps we should stop! 11. I (bathe). That's why my hair is all wet. 12. You (drive) all day. Let me drive now. 13. How long you (wear) glasses? 14. The petrol gauge (say) "Empty" for quite a long time now. Don't you think we should get some petrol? 15. I'm sorry for keeping you waiting. I (try) to make a telephone call to Rome. 16. You (not eat) enough lately. That's why you feel irritable. 17. He (speak) for an hour now. I expect he'll soon be finished . 18. That helicopter (fly) round the house for the last hour; do you think it's taking photographs? 19. The radio (play) since 7 a.m. I wish omeone would turn it off. 20. I (shop) all day and I haven't a penny left. 21. We (live) here since 1977.

22. I'm on a diet. I (eat) nothing but bananas for the last month. 23. The children (look) forward to this holiday for months. 24. That pipe (leak) for ages. We must get it mended. 25. Tom (dig) in the garden all afternoon and I (help) him. 26. I (ask) you to mend that window for six weeks. When are you going to do it? 27. Someone (use) my bicycle. The chain's fallen off. 28. How long you (drive)? ~ I (drive) for ten years. 29. The trial (go) on for a long time. I wonder what the verdict will be. 30. It (snow) for three days now. The roads will be blocked if it doesn't stop soon. '31. Mary (cry)? ~ No, she (not cry), she (peel) onions. 32. The car (make) a very curious noise ever it ran out of oil. 33. He walked very unsteadily up the stairs and his wife said,

"You (drink)!" 34. Your fingers are very brown. You (smoke) too much. 35. You usually know when someone (eat) garlic. 36. Ever since he came to us that man (try) to make trouble.


52. Put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect or the present perfect progressive tense. (In some cases either could be used.)

1. We (walk) ten kilometres. 2. We (walk) for three hours. 3. You (walk) too fast. That's why you are tired. 4. I (make) sausage rolls for the party all the morning. 5. How many you (make)? ~ I (make) 200. 6. That boy (eat) seven ice-creams. 7. He (not stop) eating since he arrived.

8. The driver (drink). I think someone else ought to drive. 9. I (pull) up 100 dandelions.

10. I (pull) up dandelions all day. 11. What you (do)? ~ We (pick) apples. 12. How many you (pick)? ~ We (pick) ten basketfuls. 13. I (sleep) on every bed in this house and I don't like any of them. 14. He (sleep) since ten o'clock. It's time he woke up. 15. He (ride); that's why he is wearing breeches. 16. I (ride) all the horses in this stable. 17. What a lovely smell! ~ Mary (make) jam. 18. The students (work) very well this term. 19. I only (hear) from him twice since he went away. 20. I (hear) from her regularly. She is a very good correspondent. 21. I (grease) my car. That's why my hands are so dirty, 22. I (polish) this table all the morning and she isn't satisfied with it yet. 23. I (work) for him for ten years and he never once (say) "Good morning" to me. 24. He (teach) in this school for five years. 25. I (teach) hundreds of students but I never (meet) such a hopeless class at this. 26. Why you (be) so long in the garage? ~ The tyres were flat; I (pump) them up. 27. I (pump) up three tyres. Would you like to do the fourth? 28. I (look) for mushrooms but I (not find) any. 29. He (cough) a lot lately. He ought to give up smoking.

30. You (hear) the news? Tom and Ann are engaged! ~ That's not new; I (know) it for ages!

31. I (try) to finish this letter for the last half-hour. I wish you'd go away or stop talking. ~

I hardly (say) anything. 32. The driver of that car (sound) his horn for the last ten minutes.

33. It (rain) for two hours and the ground is too wet to play on, so the match (be) postponed.

34. He (hope) for a rise in salary for six months but he (not dare) to ask for it yet. 35. Mr Smith, you (whisper) to the student on your right for the last five minutes. You (help) him with his exam paper or he (help) you? 36. Why you (make) such a horrible noise? ~ 1 (lose) my key and I (try) to wake my wife by throwing stones at her window. ~ You (throw) stones at the wrong window. You live next door.

53. Fill the spaces in the following sentences by using for or since.

1. We've been fishing ... two hours 2. I've been working in this office ... a month. 3. They've been living in France ... 1970. 4. He has been in prison ... a year. 5. I've known that ... a long time. 6. That man has been standing there ... six o'clock. 7. She has driven the same car ... 1975. 8. Things have changed ... I was a girl, 9. The kettle has been boiling ... a quarter of an hour. 10. The central heating has been on ... October. 11. That trunk has been in the hall ... a year. 12. He has been very ill ... the last month. 13. I've been using this machine ... twelve years. 14. We've been waiting ... half an hour. 15. Mr Pitt has been in hospital ... his accident.

16. He hasn't spoken to me ... the last committee meeting. 17. I have been very patient with you ... several years. 18. They have been on strike ... November. 19. The strike has lasted ... six months. 20. It has been very foggy ... early morning. 21. They have been quarrelling ever ... they got married. 22. I've been awake ... four o'clock. 23. I've been awake ... a long time. 24. We've had no gas ... the strike began. 25. I've earned my own living ... I left school. 26. Nobody has seen him ... last week. 27. The police have been looking for me ... four days.

28. I haven't worn low-heeled shoes ... I was at school. 29. He had a bad fall last week and ... then he hasn't left the 30. He has been under water ... half an hour. 31. That tree has been there ... 2,000 years. 32. He has been Minister of Education ... 1983. 33. I've been trying to open this door ... forty-five minutes. 34. He hasn't eaten anything ... twenty-four hours. 35. We've had terrible weather ... the last month. 36. Nobody has come to see us ... we bought these bloodhounds.


54. Complete the conversation with sentences in the pre-sent perfect tense. Several answers are possible.

.: Well we've got to know that older couple on this floor They're very nice. And .............................: Yes, but they're married ...................................................?

D.: No, we haven't. We've hardly even talked to those three single girls.

/.: I've got an idea. Look we've been here since April' Have there been any parties since then?

.: No...........................

/.: Then what are we waiting for? We'll have a party next weekend, and we'll invite all the neighbours.

55. Complete the sentences with the present perfect form of the verbs in parentheses.

S.: How many party invitations ... you ... (write) so far, Kathleen?

K.: Oh, I ......... (do) about five. And I ... (give) out a few to

some neighbours downstairs.

/.: And I ... (speak) to the family with the three teenagers

.: Who ... (take) my pen? I ... (break) this pencil, so I need the pen to make out a shopping list.

D.: I ... (not see) it. Perhaps it ... (fall) on the floor.

/.: What are we going to buy for the party on Friday? We . (eat) everything in the refrigerator, ... we? We'll have to buy a lot of things.

.: I ... (fear) some ads out of the newspaper they're for special sales.

.: ... you ... (choose) records for the party on Friday?

W-'. No, I ... (be) too busy. But I ... (get) some decorations. And sister ... (draw) us some funny pictures to hang up. ^here ... she .. (go)?

.: She took my brother to the store. They're going to buy home new tapes.


56. Fill in the blanks with the present perfect progressive form of each verb in parentheses. Complete the tag questions and the short answers.

Sally: So what ... you ... (do) with yourself, Ann? You ... (not spend) much time in the library, ... ?

Ann: No, ... . I ... (go out) a lot this semester.

S.: Really? Who ... you ... (go) out with all this time? I know you ... (date) the teaching assistant in our chemistry class, ... ?

A.: Well, I.......

Dean: Where ... you ... (go)? ... he ... (take) you to a lot of movies?

Carlos: He ... (invite) you out to dinner a lot, ... ? Where ... you ... (eat)?

Ann: Well, we ... .

Janet: You ... (not stay) home much, ... ? I know because ... I ... (try) to call you.

Sally: Your life sounds so romantic. Married life it completely different. We ... (not go) out at all, ... , Carlos?

Carlos: Of course, ... why, just three months ago we went out for a pizza!

57. Complete these statements with the present perfect progressive form of each verb in parentheses.

Diana: ... (study) a lot their semester, too. This week I ... write) a term paper. My roommate ... (help) me. But we ... (not work) all the time. We ... (have) a good time, too. We ... (play) tennis and ... (relax).

Jim: So you ... (enjoy) yourselves these days. I ... (not relax) much.

I ... (think) about a vacation for a while. My wife ... (work) hard these days, too. She ... (not take) time for herself. She ' 'type) for extra money and she ... (babysit), too.


58. Arrange these words into the present perfect or the present perfect progressive sentences.

Well, Julio, how do you feel?

Just/ your tenth straight no-hitter/ you/ pitch/ look letter/ You/ never.

Strike out a lot of ballets/ lately/ You/.

You/ not walk any ballets/ recently/.

win twenty games/ their season/ And you learn/already.

They/ a bad game/ not play/ yet/.


59. Complete these sentences with the present perfect, the present perfect proressive, or the past simple form of each verb in parentheses.

.: Chris, how are you? I ... (not see) you in ages! What ... you ... (do) this semester? , /.: I ... (play) a lot of tennis.

.: Really? How long ... (be) interested in tennis?

h.: I ... (start) years ago. I guess I ... (be) about ten years old. And I ... (practise) for the college team for month.

.: But ... you ... (not play) on the college basketball team last semester?

Ch.: Yes, I did. But when the season ... (end), I... (get) interested in baseball team this spring, but we ... (not have) any games in the last few days, so I ... (think) about swimming too. Of course there's also the soccer team, the football team, the hockey team, the bowling team, the ...


60. Fill in the blanks in the letter with an appropriate form (the present perfect progressive, the present perfect, or the past simple) of each verb in parentheses. Two answers may be correct.

Dear Yukiko,

I've been living (live) in New York for two months now, and I ... (learn) a lot. In general, I .... (be) very happy up until now, but I ... (feel) a little lonely, too.

Since I ... (rent) this apartment, I ... (meet) some of the people in the building. There are some interesting couples. In the past few weeks, I ... (talk) a lot to an American woman who is married to a Vietnamese man. A Peruvian man and his American wife ... (promise) to invite me to dinner sometime, but they ...

(not do) it yet. Actually, I ... (not see) the inside of an American family's apartment since I ... (move) here.

A very nice Arabian woman ... (visit) me this week. She ... (be) married to an American for several years. She says she ... (have) problems with the customs of the United States since she ... (move) here, and there ... (be) cultural conflicts.

I'm surprised at the number of cross-cultural couples that I ... (get) to know since last month. And now an American student ... (ask) me out. What do you think? Should I go? Your friend Monique


61. Put in the present simple, the present perfect progressive or the past simple.


Before I (visit) ... Australia, an Australian friend in London (tell) ... me I'd learn "the Australian salute". "What's that?" I (ask) ... . "You'll find out when you get there," he (say) ... . I (arrive) ... in Perth last week. Since then, I (stay) ... at a nice hotel near a beautiful beach. I (never visit) ... Australia before and I am enjoying my stay. I (swim) ... every day since the time I (arrive) ... . Yesterday, an Australian friend (suggest) ... a tour into "the bush". I (agree) ... at once. The first thing I (notice) ... when we (be) ... in the bush (be) ... the flies. After a while I (remember) ... the conversation I had had in London before I (come) ... here. "What's the "Australian salute"?" I (ask) ... suddenly, as I waved my right arm to keep the flies away. "That's it!" my friend said as he (wave) ... back!


62. Supply the past simple or the past perfect simple. Show when both are possible.

1. They ... the gates before I ... there (lock, get). 2. By the time we ... the party ... (arrive, finish). 3. I ... the shop as soon as I ... the contents of the box. (ring, check) 4. After we ... it on the phone, I ... him a letter about it. (discuss, write) 5. We ... a good rest when our guests ... (have, all leave). 6. When she ... the office this morning, Jim ... (ring, already go out). 7. Before we ... Tim to the theatre, he ... a stage play before, (take, never see) 8. I ... the carpet when the dog ... in and ... himself, (just clean, come, shake) 9. He ... to do the job in an hour, but he still ... by 10 o'clock, (promise, not finish)


63. Put in the past perfect simple or progressive or the past simple. Give alternatives where possible.


Old Mr Williams was very concerned. He and his wife were pensioners and he (spend) ... the whole morning looking for the pension books. He (look) ... everywhere, but he (not be able) ... to find them. Meanwhile his wife (be) ... busy. She (cook) ... all morning. She (prepare) ... a delicious meal. She (make) ... soup, followed by a lovely pie, which she (bake) ... in the oven. Mr Williams (always enjoy) ... his food, but he clearly wasn't enjoying his lunch. "What's the matter, Tom?" his wife asked. Mr Williams (have to) ... confess that he (lose) ... their pension books. "I know", Mrs Williams (say) ... with a twinkle in her eye. "I've got them". "You've got them?" "Yes and guess where I (find) ... them!" Mr Williams suddenly remembered. "In the oven! I (put) ... them there for safe-keeping." He (smile) ... with relief as she (fish) ... them out of her apron pocket!


64. Complete these sentences with the present perfect, the present perfect procressive, or the past simple from each verb in parentheses.

/.: We have to do something this weekend. I don't want to stay at home. We ... (stay) home and (study) all last weekend.

K.: Well, it ... (rain) all day Saturday and Sunday.

/.: Right. So we ... (not get) any outdoor exercise lately.

K.: Then let's go swimming. We ... (not go) swimming yet this summer.

/.: No, the pool ... (be) too crowded the last time. How about roller-skating? I ... (go) roller-skating last week and I ... (have) a great time.

K.: I ... (try) roller-skating only once in my life. It ... (be) a few years ago. I ... (fall) down about ten times.

/.: Well, ... you ever ... (play) volleyball? That's always


K.: Yes, but I ... already ... (do) that this month. Let's try something else. We ... (not be) to the beach lately, ... we?

/.: You're right. How about sunbathing?

K.: Good idea. All this planning ... (make) me very tired.


65. Use either the present perfect or the past simple in the following sentences.

1. John ... (write) his report last night. 2. Bob ... (see) this movie before. 3. George ... (read) the newspaper already. 4 Mr Johnson ... (work) in the same place for thirty-five years, and he is not planning to retire yet. 5. We ... (begin; negative) to study for the test yet. 6. George ... (go) to the store at ten o'clock this morning. 7. Joan ... (travel) around the world. 8. Belty ... (write) a letter last night. 9. Guillermo ... (call) his employer yesterday. 10 We ... (see; negative) this movie yet.

66. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense: the present perfect or the past simple. (In some cases the present perfect progressive is also possible. This is noted in the key.)

1. Paul: I (play) football since I was five years old. Tom: You (play) since you (come) to England? Paul: Oh yes. I (play) quite a lot. I (join) a club the day after I (arrive). 2. Tom: You (play) any matches? Paul: We (play) about ten. We have two more to play. We [ (have) a very good season, we (win) all our matches so far, ,' though we (not really deserve) to win the last one. 3. Tom: I (play) football when I (be) at school but when I (leave) school I (drop) it and (take) up golf. 4. Ann: Hello, Jack! I (not see) you for ages1 Where you (be)? Jack: I (be) in Switzerland I (mean) to send you a postcard but I (not have) your address with me.

Ann: Never mind. You (have) a good time in Switzerland? How long you (be) there?

Jack: I (be) there for a month. I only just (get) back. Yes, I (enjoy) it thoroughly. I (ski) all day and (dance) all night. 5. Ann: I (ski) when I (be) at the university, but I (break) a leg five years ago and since then I (not do) any. 6. When I first (come) to this house, it (be) a very quiet area. But since then a new housing estate (be) built and it (become) very noisy.

7. My son (not start) work yet. He's still at the High School. ~ How long he (be) at school? ~ He (be) at the High School for six years; before that he (spend) five years at the Primary School in Windmill Street. 8. I just (hear) that Peter is in Australia. ~ Oh, you (not know)? He (fly) out at the beginning of the month. ~ You (hear) from him? Does he like the life? ~

Yes, I (get) a letter last week. He (tell) me about his job. But he (not say) whether he (like) the life or not. Perhaps it's too ; soon to say. He only (be) there three weeks. 9. I (not know) you (be) left-handed. ~ I'm not left-handed; but my oil-heater (explode) yesterday and I (burn) my right hand, so I have to use my left. 10. This bicycle (be) in our family for fourteen years. My father (use) it for the first five years, my brother (ride) it for next five, and I (have) it for the last four. 11. I hear that your MP, Mr Simpson, (make) a very clever speech last night. How long he (be) your MP? ~ Oh, we only (have) him since January. His predecessor Mr Allen (resign) suddenly because of ill-health and there (be) a by-election. 12. I hear that Mr Jones (leave). ~ Yes, he (leave) last week. ~ Anybody (be) appointed to take his place? ~ I believe several men (apply) for the job but so far nothing (be) decided. 13. Peter (meeting Ann at the airport): Hello, Ann. You (have) a good trip? Ann: The actual flight (be) lovely, one of the best I (have) ever, but it (take) ages to get into the plane. First they (think) that one of us (be) a hijacker and they (search) us all for firearms; the they (announce) that one of the engines (be) faulty. We finally (take off) an hour later. 14. Peter: How you (spend) this extra hour before (take-off)? Ann: Oh, they (take) us to the restaurant and (feed) us and we (walk) about and (buy) things we (not need). The time (pass) all right. 15. You (book) your hotel room yet? ~ Well, I (write) to the hotel last week but they (not answer) yet. 16. Peter (meeting Paul unexpectedly in London): Hello, Paul! I (not know) you (be) here. Paul: Oh, I (be) here nearly two months. I (arrive) on the 6th of January. 17. Peter: When we last (meet) you (say) that nothing would induce you to come to England. What (make) you change your mind? Paul: I (find) that I (need) English for my work and this (seem) the quickest way of learning it. 18. Peter: You (know) any English when you first (arrive) here? Paul: No, I (not know) a word. 19. Ann: (to Yvonne, who is going to English classes): How long you (learn) English? Yvonne: I (learn) off and on for about five and a half years. (Use the progressive form.) 20. I (begin) English at secondary school and (do) it for three years Then I (drop) it for a year and (forget) most of it. Then I (spend) two years at a secretarial college, where I (study) commercial English, and for the last six months I (study) in London. 21. At 4 p.m. my neighbour (ring) up and (say), "Is Tom with you?" Tom, her son, (spend) most of his time in my garden playing with my children, so whenever she (not be able) to find him she (ring) me. "I'm afraid I (not see) him today," I (say). "But my children (go) to the beach this morning and (not come) back yet. Perhaps he (go) with them." 22. I just (have) my first driving lesson. ~ How it (go)? You (enjoy) it? ~ Well, I not actually (hit) anything but I (make) every other possible mistake. 23. Old Ben (sell) newspapers just inside the station entrance, and my father always (buy) his evening paper from him as he (leave) the station on his way home. But one day my father (arrive) home without his paper. "Ben (not be) there this evening, " he (say). "I (hope) he (not be taken) ill." 24. On Saturday afternoon I (see) Frederick sitting in his garden. "I (think) you (work) on Saturdays," I (say).

"I (work) this morning," (explain) Frederick, "but at lunch time the boss (go) off to play golf and (tell) us all to go home. It's about time he (give) us a whole Saturday off actually. I (work) practically every Saturday since the beginning of the year." 25. Ann: You (be) to Hampton Court? Jane: Yes, I (go) there last week. The tulips (be) wonderful. Ann: You (go) by car?

Jane: No, I (go) with my English class. We (hire) a coach. 26. Ann: Where else you (be) to since you (come) to England? Jane: Oh, I (be) to Stratford and Coventry and Oxford and Canterbury. 27. Ann: You (see) a lot. When you (go) to Stratford? Jane: I (go) last week. The people I work for (take) me. 28. Ann: You (see) a play at the Royal Shakespeare Theatre when you (be) at Stratford? Jane: Yes, we (see) Macbeth. We were very lucky. We just (walk) in and (ask) if they (have) any returned tickets, and the girl at the box office (say), "Yes, a man just (return) three stalls." 29. Ann: You (be) to Wales? Jane: No, I (be) to Scotland but I (not be) to Wales. I'd like to go. 30. Peter: You (see) any good films lately? Ann: Yes, I (go) to the National Film Theatre last week and (see) a Japanese film. Peter: You (like) it? Ann: Yes, I (love) it, but of course I (not understand) a word. 31. Tom: I hear that Mr Benson just (die). You (know) him quite well, didn't you? Jack: Yes. We (work) for the same company for ten years. I (not see) so much of him after he (leave) the company but we (keep) in touch. 32. Ann (think) the garage (be) empty, and (turn) off the lights. "Hey!" (shout) Paul from under the car. "I'm sorry, Paul," (say) Ann, "I (not know) you (be) there." 33. Father: Tom (not come) back yet? Mother. Yes, he (come) in an hour ago. He (go) straight to bed. Father: Funny. I (not hear) him. 34. Paul: That's a live wire. It just (give) me a shock! Ann: Nonsense! I just (touch) it and I (not feel) anything!

35. When Paul (come) into the room, Ann was sitting in an armchair just behind the door. Paul, not noticing Ann, (go) to the window and (look) out. Ann (cough) and Paul (spin) round. "Hello, Ann!" he (exclaim), "I (not see) you!" 36. Jack: You just (agree) to go, so why aren't you getting ready? Peter. But I (not realize) that you (want) me to start at once!


67. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense: present perfect or past simple.

1. I (buy) a new house last year, but I (not sell) my old house yet, so at the moment / have two houses. 2. When Ann (be) on her way to the station it (begin) to rain. Ann (run) back to her flat for her umbrella, but this (make) her late for her train. 3. She (catch) the next train but it (not get) in till 9.00, so she (arrive) at her office ten minutes late. 4. Her boss (look) up as she (come) in. "You (be) late every morning this week," he (growl). 5. At 7 a.m. Charles (ring) Peter and (say), "I'm going fishing, Peter. Would you like to come?" "But its so early," (say) Peter. "I (not have) breakfast yet. Why you (not tell) me last night?" 6. Tom (meet) Paul at lunch time and (say), "I (not see) you at the bus stop this morning. You (miss) the bus?" "I (not miss) it," (reply) Paul. "I (not miss) a bus for years. But this morning George (give) me a lift." 7. Ann (go) to Canada six months ago. She (work) in Canada for a while and then (go) to the United States. 8. Mary (be) in Japan for two years. She is working there and likes it very much.~

How she (go)? ~ She (go) by air. 9. When I (buy) my new house I (ask) for a telephone. The Post Office (tell) me to wait, but I (wait) a year now and my phone still (not come).

10. Bill usually has breakfast at 8.00. Yesterday at 8.30. Peter (meet) Bill and (offer) him an apple. "No, thanks," (say) Bill. "I just (have) breakfast." 11. Just as Ann (arrive) at the airfield a plane (land) and a girl (climb) out. To her surprise Ann (recognize) her cousin, Lucy. "Hello, Lucy," she (exclaim). "I (not know) that you (know) how to fly a plane." "I only just (learn)," (say) Lucy. "I (go) solo for the first time last week." 12. Peter (try) to come in quietly but his mother (hear) him and (call) out, "Where you (be)? Your supper (be) in the oven for an hour." 13. You (be) to the theatre lately? ~ Yes, I (go) to Othello last week. ~ .You (like) it? ~

Yes, but I (not see) very well. I (be) right at the back. 14. Ann (coming out of a bookshop): I just (buy) a copy of David Copperfield. You (read) it? Mary: As it happens it is the only one of Dickens's books that I (not read). I (not even see) the film. 15. You (be) to Cambridge? ~ Yes, I (be) there last month. ~ How you (get) there? ~ My brother (take) me in his car. 16. You (see) Philip lately? I (ring) his flat several times last week but (get) no answer. ~ Oh, he (be) in America for the last month. He (fly) out on the first for a conference and then (decide) to stay for six weeks. ~ You (hear) from him? ~ Yes, I (get) a letter shortly after he (arrive). 17. How long you (be) in your present job? ~ I (be) there for six months. ~ And what you (do) before that? ~

Before that I (work) for Jones and Company. 18. How long you (work) for Jones and Company? ~ I (work) for them for two years. ~ You (like) working for them? ~ No, I (not like) it at all. ~ Then why you (stay) so long? 19. We usually go out on Saturday evenings, but last Saturday (be) so wet that we (stay) in and (play) cards. ~ What you (play)? ~ We (play) poker. I (lose) fifty pence.

20. When you (begin) school? ~ I (begin) school when I (be) five. I (go) to a primary school first I (stay) there for six years and then I (go) to a comprehensive school. 21. When I (be) seventeen I (start) my university course. ~ When you (get) your degree? ~ Oh, I (not get) my degree yet; I'm still at the university. I only (be) there for two years. 22. Tom (leave) the house at 8.20. At 8.25 the phone in Tom's house (ring), Tom's wife, Mary, (answer) it. "Could I speak to Tom, please?" (say) the caller. "I'm afraid he just (go) out", (say) Mary. 23. You (be) to Cornwall?-Yes, I (be) there last Easter. ~ You (go) by train? - No, I (hitch-hike). 24. I (not see) Charles for some time. ~ He (be) ill, poor chap. He (collapse) at work a fortnight ago and (be taken) to hospital. They (send) him home after two days but he (not come) back to work yet.

25. There (be) a very good programme on TV last night. You (see) it? - No, I (take) my set back to the shop last week because there (be) so much distortion; and they (say) it (need) a new part. They (not be able) to get the new part so far, so I (not watch) television for about ten days.

26. You (ever) be to France? ~ Yes, I (spend) last July and August in Grenoble. I (go) to improve my French but everyone I (meet) (want) to improve his English so I (not get) much practice. 27. The postman usually comes between 8.00 and 9.00 in the morning. At 8.45 a.m. yesterday Ann (say), "Are there any letters for me?" "I don't know," (say) Mary. "The postman (not come) yet." At 11 a.m. Jack, Mary's husband, (ring) from his office to ask if there (be) any letters for him. "No," (say) Mary. "Nobody (get) letters today. The postman (not come)."

28. Mr Speed, Ann's employer, (dictate) three letters and (tell) Ann to type them as soon as possible. Half an our later he (ring) Ann's office. "You (finish) those letters yet?" he (ask).

"Well," (say) Ann, "I (do) the letter to Mr Jones, and I'm now typing the one to Mr Robinson, but I (not start) the one to Mr Smith yet." 29. You (find) out yet about the trains to Liverpool? ~

No. I (ring) the station last night but the man who (answer) the phone (not seem) to be sure of the times. He (say) something about a new timetable. ~ But the new timetable (be) in operation for three weeks! 30. Tom and Jack work in different offices but go to work in the same train. One evening Tom's wife (say), "Jack (move) into his new house yet?" "I don't know," (say) Tom, "I (not see) Jack today. He (not be) on the train. 31. Where you (be)? ~ I (be) shopping in Oxford Street. ~ So I suppose you (buy) shoes? ~ Yes. I (find) a shop where they were having a sale and I (get) three pairs. 32. In the evening I often play chess with my next door neighbour. I (play) chess with him ever since I (come) to live here ten years ago. He (be) here all his life; he (inherit) the house from his father, another great chess player. ~ You ever (play) chess with the father? ~ We (play) once or twice but he (die) a year after I (arrive). 33. I can't find my gloves. You (see) them? ~ Yes, you (leave) them in the car yesterday. I (put) them back , in your drawer. 34. I hope you're enjoying your visit to England. You (meet) any Englishmen yet? ~

Yes, I (meet) a man called Smith at a party last night. ~ What you (talk) about? ~ We (talk) about the weather. 35. Mrs Jones: For years I (do) all my washing by hand then last year I (buy) a washing machine and I must say it (make) washing day much less exhausting. It only takes rm an hour now. Mrs White: I don't like washing machines. I always (do) my washing by hand and I intend to go on doing it. I always (find) it very satisfying work. 36. Tom: Don't you think it's time we (have) something different for Sunday dinner? Ann: But we (have) roast beef for Sunday dinner ever since we (get) married. Your mother (tell) me that you (be) particularly fond of roast beef. Tom: But my mother (be) dead for five years and in those five years my tastes (change).


68. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense: present perfect simple or present perfect progressive.

1. Peter: You (telephone) for ages. You not nearly (finish)? Jack: I (not get) through yet. I (try) to get our Paris office but the line (be) engaged all morning. 2. Ann (fail) her driving test three times because she's so bad at reversing. But she (practise) reversing for the last week and I think she (get) a bit better at it. 3. Tom: I often (wonder) why Bill left the country so suddenly. Peter: Actually, I just (find) out. 4. He (play) the bagpipes since six o'clock this morning. He only just (stop). 5. Why you (not bring) me the letters for signature? You (not type) them yet?

6. Tom (looking up absent-mindedly as Mary comes in): You (sunbathe)? Mary (crossly): Don't be ridiculous! It (rain) all day! 7. A pair of robins (build) a nest in the porch since last week. I (watch) them from my window since they began. 8. The police (not find) the murderer yet, but the dead man's brother (be) in the station all day. The police say that he (help) them with their enquiries. 9. They (pull) down most of the houses in this street, but they (not touch) the old shop at the corner yet. 10. Tom is convinced that there is gold in these hills but we (search) for six months and (not see) any sign of it. 11. I (wait) for the prices of the houses to come down before buying a house, but I think I (wait) too long and the prices are beginning to go up again.

12. Peter (be) a junior clerk for three years. Lately he (look) for a better post but so far he (not find) anything. 13. I (do) housework all morning and I (not finish) yet. ~ I (do) mine already. I always start at 6 a.m. 14. I just (pick) ten pounds of strawberries! I (grow) strawberries for years but I never (have) such a good crop before. 15. What you (do) with the corkscrew? The point is broken off. ~ I'm afraid I (use) it to make holes in this tin. 16. She just (sell) two of her own paintings. ~ She's lucky. I (paint) for five years and I (not sell) a single picture yet. 17. They are throwing crockery at each other in the next flat. ~ This (happen) before? ~ Well, they (have) a good many rows but this is the first time they (throw) crockery. 18. What you (do) with my typewriter? I can't find it anywhere. ~ Tom just (go) off with it. He says he'll bring it back when he (finish). 19. He (work) for Crow Brothers for forty years and never once (be) late. The firm just (present) him with a gold watch as a sign of their appreciation. 20. We (mend) sheets all morning but we only (do) three, and now the sewing machine (break) down so we'll be even slower with the next one. 21. George (collect) matchboxes ever since he left school. Now he (collect) so many that he doesn't know where to put them. 22. I (look) through my old photograph album. It's full of photographs of people whose names I completely (forget). I wonder what (happen) to them all. 23. It was lovely at eleven o'clock, but since then the sky (get) steadily darker and the wind (rise). I'm afraid the fine spell (come) to an end. 24. Since he became Mayor, my brother reckons that he (eat) 30 official lunches and 22 official dinners, and he (lose) count of the number of receptions and parties that he (attend). ~ He (put) on a lot of weight? 25. Secretary: Customers (ring) up all morning complaining about getting incorrect bills. Manager. I know; something (go) wrong with our computer The mechanic (work) on it. I hope he (find) out what's wrong. 26. Someone (use) my umbrella! It's all wet1 And it was wet yesterday and the day before! ~ Well, it wasn't me. I (not be) out of the house for a week1

27. I (stand) in this queue for ages. It (not move) at all in the last five minutes. I think the man in the ticket office just (shut) his window and (go) off for lunch. 28. The Town Council (consider) my application for permission to build a garage for three months. They just (give) my neighbour permission to build one, so I hope they (decide) to let me have one too. 29. You look exhausted! ~ Yes, I (play) tennis and I (not play) for years, so I'm not used to it. 30. They began widening this road three weeks ago; but the workmen (be) on strike for the last fortnight so they (not get) very far with it. 31. That man (stand) at the bus stop for the last half hour. Shall I tell him that the last bus already (go)? 32. I wonder if anything (happen) to Tom. I (wait) an hour now. He often (keep) me waiting but he never (be) quite so late as this. 33. Mrs Brown (live) next door for quite a long time now but she never (say) more than "Good morning" to me.

34. I just (remember) that I (not pay) the rent yet. I am surprised that the landlord (not ring) me up to remind me. ~ It is the first time you (be) late with the rent in 25 years. He probably thinks that you (pay) and he (lose) the cheque. 35. Shop assistant: Could you give me some proof of your identity, madam? Customer. But I (shop) here for fifteen years1 Shop assistant- I know, madam, but apparently the company (lose) a lot of money lately through dud cheques and they (make) new regulations which we (be told) to apply to all customers no mater how long we (know) them. 36. What you (do)? I (look) for you for ages. ~ I (build) a barbecue in the garden.


69. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.

1. He (give) me back the book, (thank) me for lending it to him and (say) that he (enjoy) it very much; but I (know) that he (not read) it because most of the pages (be) still uncut.

2. When he (see) his wife off at the station, he (return) home as he (not have) to be at the airport till 9.30. 3. He (not have) to pack, for his wife already (do) that for him and his case (be) ready in the hall. 4. He (not have) to check the doors and windows either, for his wife always (do) that before she (leave) the house. 5. All he (have) to do (be) to decide whether or not to take his overcoat with him. In the end he (decide) not to. 6. At 8.30 he (pick) up his case, (go) out of the house and (slam) the door behind him. 7. Then he (feel) in his pockets for the key, for his wife (remind) him to double-lock the front door. 8. When he (search) all his pockets and (find) no key he (remember) where it (be). 9. He (leave) it in his overcoat pocket. 10. Then he (remember) something else; his passport and tickets (be) in his overcoat pocket as well. 11. I (arrive) in England in the middle of July. I (be told) that England (be) shrouded in fog all year round, so I (be) quite surprised to find that it was merely raining. 12. I (ask) another passenger, an Englishman, about the fog and he (say) that there (not be) any since the previous February. 13. If I (want) fog, he said, I (come) at quite the wrong time. 14. However, he (tell) me that I could buy tinned fog at a stop in Shaftesbury Avenue. 15. He (admit) that he never (buy) fog there himself but (assure) me that they (sell) good quality fog and that it (not be) expensive. 1 suppose he was joking. 16. When the old lady (return) to her flat she (see) at once that burglars (break) in during her absence, because the front door (be) open and everything in the flat (be) upside down 17. The burglars themselves (be) no longer there, but they probably only just (leave) because a cigarette was still burning on an ornamental table. 18. Probably they (hear) the lift coming up and (run) down the fire escape. 19. They'(help) themselves to hei whisky too but there (be) a little left, so she (pour) herself ou1 a drink. 20. She (wonder) if they (find) her jewellery and rathei (hope) that they had. 21. The jewellery (be given) her by hei husband, who (die) some years before. 22. Since his death she (not have) the heart to wear it, yet she (not like) to sell it. 23. Now it (seem) that fate (take) the matter out of her hands; and certainly the insurance money would come in handy. 24. I (put) the £5 note into one of my books; but next day it (take) me ages to find it because I (forget) which book I (put) it into.

25. A woman (come) in with a baby, who she (say) just (swallow) a safety pin. 26. I (think) my train (leave) at 14.33, and (be) very disappointed when I (arrive) at 14.30 and (learn) that it just (leave). 27. I (find) later that I (use) an out-of-date timetable. 28. He (park) his car under a No Parking sign and (rush) into the shop. When he (come) out of the shop ten minutes later the car (be) no longer there. 29. He (wonder) if someone (steal) it or if the police (drive) it away.

30. It (be) now 6 p.m.; and Jack (be) tired because he (work) hard all day. 31. He (be) also hungry because he (have) nothing to eat since breakfast. 32. His wife usually (bring) him sandwiches at lunch time, but today for some reason she (not come). 33. He (keep) looking at her, wondering where he (see) her before. 34. I (look) out before I (go) to bed and (see) a man standing on the opposite pavement watching the house. 35. When I (get up) the following morning he (be) still there, and I (wonder) whether he (stay) there all night or if he (go) away and (come) back. 36. When I (open) the door I (see) a man on his knees. 37. He clearly (listen) to our conversation and I (wonder) how much he (hear). 38. When I (ask) him what he (do), he (say) that he (drop) a 50p piece outside the door and (look) for it. 39. I (not see) any sign of the money, but I (find) a small notebook and pencil which he probably (drop) when the door (open) suddenly. 40. So he (take) notes of our conversation! 41. The notes /be) written in a foreign language, so I (turn) to the stranger and (ask) him to translate. 42. But he (pull) my hat over my eyes and (run) off down the corridor. 43. By the time I (recover) from the shock he (disappear) round the corner. 44. Curiously enough, when I (move) my foot I (find) that I (stand) on a 50p piece. 45. Perhaps he (tell) the truth after all!


70. Complete the sentences with the present perfect progressive or the past perfect progressive of the verbs in the list:

ask, expect, fly, give, learn, listen, look, operate, point out, say, see, wait, work,

1. At last you're here! I ... for you for over twenty minutes. 2. He knows quite a lot of English. He ... it for six years. 3. She finally said "Yes". He ... her to marry him for years. 4. I think I need a break. I ... solidly for the last three hours. 5. You ... to a word I ..., have you? 6. For some time now, world leaders ... the necessity for agreement on arms reduction. 7. The police, who ... trouble during the civil rights demonstration, were surprised by the eventual absence of violence. 8. The manager went down with pneumonia. He ... unwell for several days. 9. The chairman said that the Board of Directors ... serious thought to the possibility of entering the American market. 10. At the inquiry into the plane crash, the pilot said in evidence that he . this type of aircraft for ten years. 11. I know why you're having nightmares. You ... too many horror films recently. 12. The new one-way scheme . . for just over twelve months, and traffic has improved considerably as a result


71. In each of the following sentences the words in italics indicate the state of affairs existing at a particular time. Rewrite the existing sentences, using a perfect tense of the verbs in brackets to indicate that an earlier action has produced, had produced or will have produced the current state or result.

1. By the time the doctor arrived, the man was already dead (die). 2. If we don't hurry, the meeting will already be in progress by the time we get there (start). 3 When we arrived to the airport we found that all flights were off because of the fog (cancel-passive). 4. Do you think he will already be at the house when we arrive? (reach) 5. When she got home, she found that her parents were already in bed. (go) 6. By the end of next week, he will be out of hospital, (leave) 7. They are husband and wife at last, (get married)


72. Complete the sentences, using a perfect tense of the verbs in brackets, to suggest what has occurred, had occurred or will have occurred to produce the situations described.

1. I don't know your friend Smith. I ... (never meet). 2. Don't ask me what spinach tastes like. I ... (not try). 3. When he first arrived, he couldn't speak a word of English. He ... (never study before). 4. He went to see a doctor. He ... for some time (feel ill). 5. If you keep forgetting to water the plants, there won't be any by the end of the week. They ... (all die). 6. He woke up feeling tired because he ... (not sleep). 7. There isn't any more typing paper. It ... (all use up passive). 8. A.: How's your son getting on at school? .: I don't really know. I ... teachers for some time (to speak). 9. A.: Don't you know what the book is about? .: No, I ... (not yet read). 10. A.: Why didn't you come to the meeting? .: I ... (not tell passive). 11. Don't worry about the telegram. It .. (already send passive). 12. You can stop looking for my gloves. I ... (just find).


73. Rewrite the sentences using the simple past or past perfect of the verbs in brackets. The adverbs in italics should be put in their correct position.

1. When Queen Victoria (die) in 1901 she (reign) for over 60 years. 2. Nothing (move passive) in the room until the police (take) photographs. 3. We all (realize) what a lucky escape we (have). 4. A friend of mine (return) to his house after a holiday to find it (break into passive). 5. None of the teachers (understand) how he (manage) to fail the examination. 6. I (call) at the manager's office but (discover) I just (miss) him. He (go out) for lunch. 7. A search party (set out) to look for the two climbers who (leave) their hotel early that morning and who still (not return). 8. The scientist suddenly (see) the answer to the problem that (occupy) his mind for the last two months.


74. Write the letter which Felix received from Marie-Laura based on the following report paying attention to your rendering of the verbs which appear in the past perfect tense.

Felix received a disturbing letter from Marie-Laura and phrases from it were passing through his head as he talked to Mildred. Marie-Laura, as it turned out, was still in Singapore. She was having second thoughts about going to India. She did not, she said, want to pursue him if he found her a nuisance. It was still possible for her to stay in Singapore. So much had been spoken between them and at that time it had not mattered. He had been thoroughly English and though this was rather beautiful it was something for which she now had to pay. He must forgive her for asking for definitions. But she did not want to die of being quiet and reasonable. Did he want to see her again? He had said when they parted that he did and said it with a fervour. On that fervour she had been living ever since. But had he spoken merely to smooth over a distressing-parting? Now that he was back in England she would perhaps seem someone far off and unreal. There would be perhaps girls in England, a girl, indeed he had once hinted it, who would make him forget his Marie-Laure. Yet when she thought of their last time together she felt that there must be for them another time. She had never positively said it but in case he had not understood and for fear of perishing by a mistake, let her say it now: she loved him, she wanted to marry him, she wanted to be with him forever. All she asked of him now was some response however vague, something quite non-committal: but which might help her to decide.

(from An Unofficial Rose by Iris Murdoch)


75. Put in the right tenses.

1. When I ... an old woman I shall wear purple, (be) 2. Will you tell me as soon as the bell ... ? (ring) 3. I'll be interested to see whether John ... tomorrow or not. (come) 4. After we've finished the building work, things ... easier, (be) 5. I'll have the letter finished before the postman ... here, (get) 6. I hope you ... me all about the holiday when you ... back (tell; get)

1. Next time you come I ... you to see my mother, (take) 8. I don't know if I ... here when you ... tomorrow morning. (be; phone)


76. Complete the text with the right form of the verbs.

This is James R. Jenings. He (sell) new and used American cars. Until about 1978 it (be) quite easy for him to sell American cars. And until the late 1980s he (feel) happy in his job because he (earn) enough money.

Now he (has be) so happy. Bunkers (be) worse today there it (be) in those days. Fewer cars (be sold) all over the USA today and americans often (buy) foreign cars. Because Mr Jenings (not sell) cars from other countries life has become harder for him and his family.

77. Supply the past perfect or the past simple in the following sentences.

1. The policeman read the suspect his rights after he ... (arrest) him. 2. After John ... (wash) his clothes, he began to study. 3. George ... (wait) for one hour before the bus came.

4. Maria ... (enter) the university after she had graduated from the community college. 5. Jeanette ... (wash) its pipettes after she had completed the experiment. 6. Jane sent a letter to her university after she ... (receive) her scholarship check. 7. After the stewardess had served lunch to the passengers, they .. (sit) down. 8. The car ... (flip) ten times before it landed on its roof. 9. We corrected our paper after we ... (take) the guiz. 10. John ... (live) in Miami for one year when his parents came to visit.


78. Complete these short dialogues with the right form in the present simple, the past simple and will future.

1. (you/take) those photos last weekend? No, they (take) a few weeks ago.

2. Our car (steal) last night. Really? Where (it/ happen)?

Outside our home. Dad (not put) it into the garage last night. That's annoying. But perhaps you (be) lucky and it (find) by the police soon.

3. I think I (paint) our front door next weekend. Good idea. It really (have to/ paint) again. When (it/do) the last time? I think we (paint) it soon after we bought the house, about ten years ago

4. Why (you/ throw) that cat food away yesterday? It (be) bad. It (have to/ throw) away.

Are you sure it (be) bad? It (sell) as a special offer in the supermarket last week.

Well, it certainly (be) special. We've never had a tin of cat food that (be) bad.


79. Open the brackets. Use simple present, present progressive, simple past, will-future.

S.: How (be) the concert last night, Maureen?

M.- Oh, it (be) fantastic. We (like) it very much.

S.: (Jody/ go) with you to the concert?

M.; Yes, we (meet) at Spring street subway station. Later she (take) us out for dinner in Chinatown. Then we (take) a cab to the Garden.

S.: (lots of people/ go) to the concert?

M.. Yes, thousands (try) to get in.

S.: Then you (not/ see) much of Bruce.

M.' Well, we (be) lucky. But we (have to) fight to get to the front.

S.: You (be able to )hear and see Bruce, then. That (be) really lucky. Chuck (go) to a concert not long ago. It (be) so full at the Garden that he (not hear or see) anything.

M.- Oh, come on. Now you (invent) things, Scott. I (know) you (not like) rock music. That's why you (say) silly things. But all I can say is: if I (be allowed to) go to a concert at the Garden again, then nothing (stop) me!


80. Complete these sentences with the appropriate tense form (simple, past, present, present perfect, or future tense, simple or progressive) of the verb in parentheses. Several answers may be correct. Complete the short answers and tag questions.

On Saturday, Andy ... (throw) out the spoiled food from the refrigerator. All week long, he ... (eat) meals in restaurants. Finally, when Andy ... (arrive) from school on Thursday, Fred, the refrigerator repairman, ... (wait) for him. "Where ... you ... (be)?" ... (ask) Fred. "I ... (wait) for you for six days!" ... (answer) Andy. "... (come) on. I'll ... (take) you up to the apartment I can't ... (stand) it any longer." Andy ... (lead) Fred upstairs. While Fred ... (work) on the refrigerator, Andy . . (watch). "That should ... (do) it," Fred finally (say). "You won't ... (have) any more problems with this machine". He ... (hold) out his hand. "I ... (need) $ 79.88 for the repairs." "I ... (have) a guarantee." Andy ... (hand) him the warranty form, and Fred ... (look) at it quickly.

"Sorry, buddy," he ... (reply) after he ... (give) Andy back the form. "This warranty ... (expire) yesterday." "But the refrigerator ... (not run) since last Friday. And I ... (call) you on the phone then." "That ... (not matter). I ... just ... (finish) the repair, and the guarantee ... (not be) valid since midnight last night." Andy .. (begin) to get angry. "I ... (not have) a refrigerator for the last six days. I ... (eat) out all week because I couldn't ... (keep) any food in the house. And now you ... (tell) me that the guarantee (not be) good any more. I ... (not have) any money, and I ... (not pay) ! " "Well, then, I ... (talk) to the store manager. We'll ... (see) about this ..." ... (shout) Fred as he ... (leave) the apartment.


: 2015-09-13; : 50;

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