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CEILING




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  1. CAVOK (Сокращение от CEILING AND VISIBILITY OK)
  2. WALL AND CEILING FINISH

Master the key terms and head words.

ceiling — потолок luminous — светящийся; блестя-
feature - особенность, характер- щий

нал черта pattern — образец; форма, модель

impression — впечатление; пред- rafter — стропило; балка

ставление spread — рассеивание; разброс

joist — брус, балка tight—плотный; непроницаемый

level - уровень; нивелир visual - видимый; наружный

171. Which of the given words are nouns? verbs? adjectives? Translate the words.

impress, impressive, impression, visual, vision, tight, luminous, rafter, slope, light, sound

172. Put down the corresponding nouns.

Model: to impress - impression - впечатление

to attach —_________________ —__________________

to construct —________________ —__________________

to resist -___________________ -___________________

173. Read the terminological combinations. Translate them from Russian.

luminous effect - световой эффект pattern maker - модельщик level surface - поверхность уровня pattern plate - модельная доска

174. Translate the combinations into Russian.

sloping plane wood joists important feature

visual impression steel joists spread of light and sound

175. Translate the sentences. Mind pronoun any.

1. Ceilings of any material can be attached to wood joists.

2. Any ceiling should be resistant to the spread of fire.

3. The visual impression of the ceiling is of importance for any room.

176. Read and translate the questions. Find answers to the questions in the article below.

1. What members are ceilings attached to?

2. What do the planes of ceilings correspond to?



Essential Course


Unit Twelve. Ceiling



 


3. In what way should the surface of a ceiling be constructed?

4. What important features does a ceiling possess?

Read and translate the article.

Ceilings are considered to be extremely important parts of any room. A well-designed ceiling is one of the most pleasing features of a room. In modern constructions the variants of ceilings are limitless.

Ceilings can be produced of many various materials both natural and artificial. Their colours, texture, pattern, and shape are of great importance for the visual impression of the room. Ceilings of any materials may be attached to wood joists. Usually they are attached very carefully and tight­ly. They may be attached to wood joists, wood rafters, or steel joints.



A ceiling can be a simple, level plane. Or it can be two or more slop­ing planes. It should be noted that these planes correspond to the form of the roof construction above.

The ceiling surface is an important functional component in any room. It can have a luminous surface or a richly ornamented and decorat­ed surface. It is of importance to note that it should be constructed in such a way as to help control the spread of light and sound about the room. One more important feature of the ceiling surface is its resistance to the spread of fire.

SUSPENDED PLASTER CEILING

Master the key terms and head words.

plaster - штукатурка to suspend - подвешивать

to support - поддерживать


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