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TYPES OF LEGAL PROFESSION
SOLICITORS. There are about 50,000 solicitors, a number which is rapidly increasing, and they make up far the largest branch of the legal profession in England and Wales. They are found in every town, where they deal with all the day-today work of preparing legal documents for buying and selling houses, making wills, etc. Solicitors also work on court cases for their clients, prepare cases for barristers to present in the higher courts, and may represent their client in a Magistrates" court.
BARRISTERS. There are about 5,000 barristers who defend or prosecute in the higher courts. Although solicitors and barristers work together on cases, barristers specialize in representing clients in court and the training and career structures for the two types of lawyer are quite separate. In court, barristers wear wigs and gowns in keeping with the extreme formality of the proceedings. The highest level of barristers have the title QC (Queen's Council).
JUDGES. There are a few hundred judges, trained as barristers, who preside in more serious cases. There is no separate training for judges.
JURY.A jury consists of twelve people ("jurors"), who are ordinary people chosen at random from the Electoral Register (the list of people who can vote in elections). The jury listens to the evidence given in court in certain criminal cases and decide whether the defendant is guilty or innocent. If the person is found guilty, the punishment is passed by the presiding judge. Juries are rarely used in civil cases.
MAGISTRATES. There are about 30,000 magistrates (Justices of the Peace or JPs), who judge cases in the lower courts. There are usually unpaid and have no formal legal qualifications, but they are respectable people who are given some training.
CORONERS. Coroners have medical or legal training (or both), and inquire into violent or unnatural deaths.
CLERKS OF THE COURT. Clerks look after administrative and legal matters in the courtroom.
2. Выберите правильное определение для каждой профессии, упомянутой в тексте:
a) an officer acting as a judge in the lower courts.
b) a public official with authority to hear and decide cases in a law court.
c) a group of people who swear to give a true decision on issues of in a law court.
d) an official who investigates the cause of any death thought to be violent or unnatural causes.
e) a lawyer who has the right to speak and argue in higher law courts.
f) a lawyer who prepares legal documents, advises, clients on legal and speaks for them in lower law courts,
3. Верны (True) или неверны (False) следующие утверждения:
1. There are about 50,000 solicitors, a number of which is not increasing.
2. Solicitors prepare cases for barristers to present in the higher courts.
3. Sometimes, solicitors and barristers work together on cases.
4. There is a separate training for judges.
5. There are about 30,000 magistrates, who judge cases in the higher courts.
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