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Act out a teacher-class session giving them a few tips on reading techniques.




:
  1. A. Do pre-reading tasks before each abstract, then read and translate the abstracts about the basics of management.
  2. Act out a teacher-class session, telling your students the origin of Robinson Crusoe. Feel free to add any comments or relevant information.
  3. B. Predict the answers to the questions before reading
  4. Consult the TEXTS FOR SUPPLEMENTARY READING and complete the information about ecology as a science (Texts 20, 21). Be ready to discuss the information you have read.
  5. Consult the TEXTS FOR SUPPLEMENTARY READING and complete the information about electricity (Texts 34, 35, 36, 37). Be ready to discuss the information you have read.
  6. Consult the TEXTS FOR SUPPLEMENTARY READING and complete the information about the application of computers (Text 29, 30, 31). Be ready to discuss the information you have read.
  7. Consult the TEXTS FOR SUPPLEMENTARY READING and complete the information about the history of oil extraction (Text 42). Be ready to discuss the information you have read.
  8. Consult the TEXTS FOR SUPPLEMENTARY READING and learn about early attempts to find or get clean water (Text 47). Be ready to discuss the information you have read.
  9. Consult the TEXTS FOR SUPPLEMENTARY READING and learn about the advent of municipal water treatment (Text 48). Be ready to discuss the information you have read.

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32 Are you computer-literate? Read the passage and guess the meanings of the words in bold.

Hardwareis the general term for computer machinery and equipment, as opposed to the programs that make computers work which are called software.

These programmes are on disks, e.g. the hard disc inside the computer, or floppy disc or on CD-ROMS, a CDon which you can put a large amount of information.

Using a mouse, you can do a number of things by clicking on different icons(moving the mouse to point at different pictures at the top of the screen). Some of them are shown below. You can:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

1 open a new document

2 open an existing document

3 save the data in the document

4 print

5 cut

6 copy

Paste

A word processor is a computer used to prepare documents or letters, or the software that is used for this purpose. Many people use their computers for word processing, e.g. writing letters and reports. A lot of business people use spreadsheets (a programme used to enter and arrange numbers and financial information) and databases(programmes which allow you to store, look at or change a large amount of information quickly and easily). Some people also use graphics (the pictures and symbols a computer programme can produce). More and more people are becoming computer-literateas many programmes and machines are so user-friendly. You can connect your computer to computers all over the world using the Internet. People send each other e-mail messagesusing this system or network. If your computer is slow it may need more memory. It may crash or hang if there is not enough memory or if it has a bug (also a virus). Make sure you make a back-up copy of your work.

33 Find in the passage the words and word combinations which mean the following.

 

"" (, . .)

- (-)

, ,

()

( )



()

( )

()

 

 

34* The words in the box name some computer machinery and equipment. Write them under the correct picture. Make sure you know their Russian/Belarusian equivalents.

 

  a diskette a CD (compact disc) a disc drive a CD-ROM a disc case a computer a desktop computer a laptop (notebook) a palmtop a mouse a keyboard a modem a scanner click

 

 

         

 

 

5
  7   8
          12

 

 

 

35* What are they used for? Identify the piece of equipment in question.

 

a. A square piece of plastic that you can store computer

information on, and which you can remove from and put into a computer, otherwise called a floppy disc.



b. A small object connected to a computer by a wire,

which you move with your hand to give instructions to the computer.........................

 

c. A piece of computer equipment that allows written or

printed information to be taken onto a computer and stored there.

...........

 

d. A board with buttons marked with letters or numbers

that are pressed to put information into a computer.

..........

e. A CD on which large quantities of information can be

stored to be used by a computer.

...........

f. A small circular piece of hard plastic on which high

quality recorded sound or large quantities of information can be stored........

g. A piece of equipment in a computer system that is

used to get information from a disk or to store information on it.

...........

h. A computer that is small enough to be used on a desk.

...........

i. A small computer that you can carry with you.

...........

j. A very small computer that you can hold in your hand.

.........

 

 

²Listening Comprehension


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