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Match the words on the left with the sounds on the right.




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  1. A. Match pictures 1-4 to a)-d).
  2. A. Read the text, give the English equivalents for the words in brackets, and single out the main items of the income statement.
  3. Add prefix re-. Translate the new words.
  4. Any topic in psychology can be approached from a variety of perspectives, thus there are many approaches in psychology. Match the following approaches with their descriptions.
  5. B) Substitute the words in italics with the idiom that would fit best in the context.
  6. B. Below is list of words derived from the same stem. Indicate the parts of speech. Choose suitable word for each blank in the sentences below.
  7. B. Match the definitions with the italicized words and phrases from the text.
  8. B. Now read the text and check if your guesses were right.
  9. B. Read the text. Match the headings to the correct paragraph.
  10. C. Before you read the article, match the following words with their definitions.
Schoolchildren A bad-tempered person or dog The bell on a cats collar A bored child A fire A churchbell A steam train A prisoners chain Someone with asthma 1. crackles 2. tinkles 3. clanks 4. whistles 5. giggle 6. growls 7. clangs 8. wheezes 9. wriggles

There are more examples of sounds things can make. Read them carefully and write in the gaps their Russian equivalents. If uncertain, consult a dictionary. Pay attention to the connotations, if any. Most of them are onomotopaeic words.

1 sack of potatoes falling from a great height thuds
2 leaves in the breeze rustle
3 a bomb bangs
4 wind through the trees whistles
5 a well-tuned Rolls Royce engine purrs
6 tyres when one brakes suddenly screech
7 kettle boiling hisses
8 a sugar lump dropped into the tea plops
9 the quiet background sound of a fridge hum
10 a light being switched on clicks
13 knives being scraped together grate
14 rain on the roof  
15 a tap that cant be turned right off drips
16 lions or a power engine roar
17 little pigs squeal
18 mice or the chair leg moving on the floor squeaks
19 a car going into the wall crashes
20 the high-pitched sound of a factory machine whine

People also make different noises both with and without producing words. Read the texts below and make sure you understand the words in bold. Consult a dictionary for their Russian equivalents.

A.

Im awake, lying here moaning, and nothings happening at all. Oh, well better start crying properly. Still no reaction. Right, theyve asked for it. Here we go with a real scream. Ah, now I hear something next door. Must go on sobbing, so they realise its serious. Here she comes, muttering to herself. Why is it always her? Never him? Ah, a bottle. Excuse me, its difficult to suck a bottle without making sucking noises, you know. Oh, no, Ive got hiccupsagain.

Sometimes I seem to spend half my day hiccupping. Over the shoulder I go again. Oh dear, a burp. Pardon. Pardon. Back to bed. Ah, I like it when she hums that song to me. Oh dear, were both yawning. Time to sleep again. I can hear him snoringnext door.Not a murmur now, she says to me, the same as always. Theres no need to sigh like that, you know. You were a baby once.



B.

Ive never know a boss like him; you hardly ever hear him talking normally. He starts as soon as he comes into the office in the morning. If Im two minutes late, he starts shoutingat me. And you should hear him on the phone yelling at some poor junior. When he asks you to do something, he just barks like a fierce dog. And when he finds a mistake in your work, he roars like a lion. When someone asks him a question, he nearly always just grunts, like that. Hell sit for hours grumbling about the weather, the business, his colleagues, the market. And he will mutter! Half the time you cant understand a word hes saying. The worst thing is his dictation. He just mumblesall the way through the letter; I have to guess every other word. Then he bites my head off when Ive written something he didnt want. I just start stammering and stuttering, and get out of the room as soon as possible.



C.

You can hear the audience whisperingexcitedly. Some of them are clearing their throats. Could they be nervous? Somethings happening. The audience are clapping; polite applause at the moment. Two of the audience are being invited onto the stage. The rest of them are cheering and calling out things. Now something is happening on stage; you could hear a pin drop. The two members of the audience are doing exactly what they are told and the chairs they are sitting on are beginning to rise into the air. The audience are gasping. Oh dear, whats happened? Theyve suddenly fallen to the ground and look most upset. The audience are booing loudly. It hasnt worked. Now theyre whistling. The whistling has changed to hissing,but theres nobody on stage except the two members of the audience. Now they are chanting that they want their money back. The managers coming out on stage. Listen to them groaning.

D.

It started on Momday. I really wasnt well at all. I was sniffingall day. On Tuesday I hardly stopped blowing my nose and sneezing. By Wednesday I had a pretty bad cough. I tried gargling with salt water but it didnt seem to do much good. If I had to go upstairs, Id reach the top stair panting like a thirsty dog, and Id still be wheezing five or ten minutes later. Bu Friday Id lost my voice almost completely. I was croaking like a frog all day at the office.

E.

Lady Thackeray-Smithe laughed politely. Her husband was chuckling minutes afterwards. A class of schoolgirls giggled. A class of schoolboys sniggered. An American TV audience shrieked and howled with laughter. Lady Thackeray-Smithes maid tittered. Billy Bloggs laughed like a drain.




: 2014-12-23; : 9;







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