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LESSON 1




Читайте также:
  1. Ex.1. Complete the examples with the key words from this lesson.
  2. II. Find in the text of the lesson terminological word-combinations consisting of two or more components. Translate them into Ukrainian.
  3. III. Make dialogues using words, word-combinations and expressions from this lesson. Work in pairs.
  4. Lesson 1
  5. Lesson 1. BREAKING THE ICE
  6. LESSON 10
  7. LESSON 12
  8. Lesson 13. Means of Travelling
  9. Lesson 2. Daily LIFE

Глаголы to be, to have

Времена группы Indefinite (Simple) Active, Passive

Оборот there + be

Порядок слов в предложении

Суффиксы -tion, -ic, -al, -ly

Text 1A. Higher Education in Russia Text IB. Cambridge Text 1С. Higher Education in the USA Text ID. A Letter

ПРЕДТЕКСТОВЫЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЯ

Упражнение 1.Поставьте следующие предложения в Past Indefinite или Future Indefinite, добавляя, где необходимо, слова last/next week, last/next year, tomorrow, yesterdayи т.д.

1. I am very busy today. 2. They are in the reading-room now. 3. It is a cold day today. 4. We are students of one of the Moscow Institutes. 5. You are late for the lecture. 6. Mary is a good stu­dent. 7. Students have four exams in January. 8. Today they have time to go to the cinema. 9. We have some English magazines. 10. The book has many diagrams. 11. I have good news. 12. She has a map of England.

Упражнение 2.Поставьте следующие предложения в Past и Future Inde­finite, добавляя слова yesterday, tomorrow и т.д.

1. There is a large reading-room in our university. 2. There are thirty students in our group. 3. There is a new film in our club to­day. 4. There is one telephone in our office. 5. There are many stu­dents at the lecture.


Упражнение 3.Поставьте следующие предложения в Past или Future Indefinite, добавляя слова last/next year, yesterday, tomorrow, last/next week, last/next summer и т. д.

1. We study six days a week. 2. I go to the institute every day. 3. My friend lives in a hostel. 4. Usually I get up at 7 o'clock. 5. My studies begin at half past eight. 6. We have four lectures every day. 7. After lectures we go to the dinning room. 8. We do our home­work for the next day. 9. At night I read and watch TV. 10. On Sunday I visit my friends.

Упражнение 4.Поставьте сказуемое в отрицательной форме.

1. Today our lectures begin at 10 o'clock in the morning. 2. We were school-children last year. 3. We had four entrance exams in summer. 4. Yesterday the first-year students saw the institute labo­ratories. 5. We took all the necessary books from the library. 6.1 got excellent marks for my entrance exams. 7. He knows the meaning of the word «engineering» (техника, машиностроение, инже­нерное дело). 8. The students of our group will meet in the labora­tory. 9. The librarian gave us all the necessary books.



Упражнение 5. А.Раскройте скобки, поставив общие вопросы.

1. (You do) ... anything interesting last weekend? 2. (He works) ...at the institute every day? 3. (They will come) ... to see you soon? 4. (We studied) ... at school last year? 5. (She will go) ... to the theatre next week? 6. (The students worked) ... in the labora­tory yesterday? 7. (Ann gets up) ... at 7 o'clock? 8. (There are) ... many laboratories at our institute? 9. (There were) ... many stu­dents at the lecture? 10. (There will be) ... a library in the new building? 11. (We have)... two lectures today? 12. (The book has) ... many diagrams? 13. (You had) ... four exams last semester?

В. Вставьте соответствующие вопросительные слова.

1. ... is your name? 2. ... doesn't understand this grammar rule? 3. ... of you studies French? 4. ... is the answer to my ques­tion? 5. ... do you live in Moscow? 6. ... were you born? 7. ... lec­tures you on mathematics? 8. ... do you study? 9. Here are the books. ... is yours? 10. ... knows the answer to this question?



Упражнение 6.Поставьте вопросы к каждому члену предложения и дайте отрицательную форму.

1. Не entered the Aviation Institute last year. 2. My sister stud­ies at the university. 3. The third-year students will have industrial training next summer.


Упражнение7. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

My University

There are many universities in Moscow. The head of a univer­sity is Rector. Usually there are several faculties in a university. Each faculty has a number of specialized departments and is headed by dean. The course of studies lasts (продолжается) 5—6 years.

The academic year in this country's higher schools begins on the 1-st of September and is divided into two terms (semesters). Students take exams at the end of each semester. If the results of the examinations are good, students get grants. Twice a year stu­dents have vacations — two weeks in winter and two months in summer.

My University has several buildings, old and new ones. There are many various laboratories. There is a very good library and a computer center in the main building.

Every faculty has its own specialized library, laboratories, workshops and computer centers.

The first- and second-year students study general engineering subjects (общетехнические предметы). In the third year students begin to study specialized subjects.

A very good tradition of our University is that theory is accom­panied by practical training. Students begin to work at the Univer­sity's well-equipped (хорошо оборудованный) laboratories and in senior years at various plants, design offices and research institutes of this country.

It is interesting but difficult to study at our University, espe­cially for the first-year students as they do not know yet how to or­ganize their work and time.

Упражнение 8.Переведите предложения, поставьте их в вопросительной и, где возможно, в отрицательной форме.

1. The books are taken from the library. 2. He was asked to help one of our students. 3. Many newspapers and magazines are pub­lished in this country. 4. That problem was discussed at our meet­ing. 5. The diagrams were brought by our monitor. 6. The exams will be taken in January. 7. They were told to do their work quickly. 8. The study of theory is accompanied by practical training. 9. A new laboratory was opened last year. 10. We shall be given a new task tomorrow. 11. Every institute is headed by Rector. 12. In sum­mer you will be sent to a big plant for your industrial training.


This work must be done quickly. 2. Many complex problems can be solved with the help of computers. 3. Lomonosov may be called the founder of higher education in Russia. 4. Books on this subject can be found in every library. 5. Many basic subjects must be studied by the first and second-year students.


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