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ѕеревод в косвенную речь восклицательных предложений




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ѕри переводе в косвенную речь восклицательных предложений их структура мен€етс€ в зависимости от того, €вл€етс€ ли оно по форме утвердительным предложением, общим вопросом, просьбой в соответствии с правилами, общими дл€ этих типов предложени€. ѕри этом ввод€тс€ дополнительные обсто€тельства, которые уточн€ют характер восклицани€, т.е. выражает оно радость, печаль, удивление, возмущение и т.д. ¬ качестве глаголов, ввод€щих косвенную речь, часто употребл€ютс€ эмоционально окрашенные глаголы или глагольно-адвербиальные сочетани€: вместо нейтрального глагола to ask глаголы to implore, to beg Ц просить, умол€ть; дл€ выражени€ удивлени€ Ц сочетани€ to ask in surprise, to cry in surprise и т.д.

 

УWhy, what a wonderful piece of luck!Ф he cried.

He cried joyfully that it was a wonderful piece of luck.

 

УOuch! My finger!Ф

She cried out that she had hurt her finger.

 

ЂOh, how very unfortunate!ї she said.

She cried with a sigh that it was very unfortunate.

 

УHeavens! The plate is broken,Ф she said.

She was astonished to find that the plate was broken.

 

УOh, the dear little kitten!Ф the children cried.

The children exclaimed with delight that it was a dear little kitten.

 

Exercise 131. Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech. Use the words in brackets.

1. УHow wonderful the stars are!Ф he said to the girl, УAnd how wonderful is the power of love!Ф (cry with delight) 2. УWhat a remarkable thing!Ф said the professor. УA swallow in winter!Ф (exclaim in surprise) 3. УWhat a lovely piece of glass!Ф cried the little girl. (cry delightfully) 4. УHow hungry we are!Ф the boys cried. (cry sorrowfully) 5. The student cried, УOh, on what little things does happiness depend!Ф (cry with deep sadness) 6. УWhat disobedient children!Ф he cried. (cry with indignation) 7. УHow well you talk!Ф said the MillerТs wife. (say with admiration) 8. УWhat a silly boy you are!Ф cried the Miller. (cry angrily) 9. УWhy, what a good heart you have!Ф cried his wife. (cry with admiration) 10. УWhat a wonderful time I shall have in my garden!Ф he said to himself. (say happily) 11. The Giant said, УHow selfish I have been!Ф (say with regret) 12. УItТs a damned lie!Ф he exclaimed. (exclaim indignantly)



 

ѕри переводе в косвенную речь приветствий, прощаний, поздравлений, представлени€ используютс€ такие глаголы и сочетани€, как greet, welcome, salute Ц приветствовать; say good bye, bid good bye Ц прощатьс€; thank Ц благодарить; wish Ц пожелать; apologize Ц извинитьс€; congratulate (on) Ц поздравить (с); introduce Ц представить.

 

УThank you, little Swallow,Ф said the Prince.

The Prince thanked the little Swallow.


УHello! How are you?Ф she said.

She greeted me and asked how I was.

Exercise 132. Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech.

1. He said, УI salute you, my little friend.Ф 2. He said, УI congratulate you, Miss Carnaby.Ф 3. He said, УMr. Poirot? I am Drouet, Inspector of Police.Ф 4. She said, УI really apologize for bothering you, Mr. Poirot.Ф 5. Mr. Brown said, УGood morning, Mr. Smith! How are you? IТm so happy to see you again.Ф 6. Fred said, УSam, old chap! Come in! What a surprise!Ф 7. Boris said, УHello, Alec! What are you busy with?Ф 8. УLet me introduce you to Mr. William Higgs,Ф said Poirot. 9. УI congratulate you on your speech, General,Ф he said. 10. She said, УGood bye, dear.Ф 11. He said, УI apologize for being late.Ф 12. She said, УI am sorry, Mr. Brown.Ф 13. УMany, many thanks for your lovely present,Ф Mary said. 14. УI wish you success, Peter,Ф Mother said. 15. УExcuse me for asking to come here, Jack,Ф she said.



 

Exercise 133. Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech.

1. УI shall not go to the party tomorrow because I donТt feel well,Ф said Mary. 2. УWe saw a lot of places of interest when we were traveling around Europe last summer,Ф said Walter. 3. УI suppose we shall go to the theatre tomorrow,Ф said Jane. 4. УPlease, donТt take the books from my table,Ф said Lena to me. УI have specially prepared them for working at my report.Ф 5. УDonТt be afraid, Nick,Ф said his grandmother. УThis dog is very clever and it wonТt do you any harm.Ф 6. УI shall gladly go to the cinema with you because I havenТt seen this film and I want to see it very much,Ф said my aunt. 7. УWhich of you can answer my question?Ф the teacher asked the pupils. 8. УDo you think that simple food is better for children than rich food?Ф she asked the doctor. 9. УWhy do you help him?Ф said Alec to us. УHe is lazy. He can do everything himself.Ф 10. УI donТt want to go to the zoo. I was there last week with my cousin and saw the animals,Ф said Lena. 11. УLook at my stamps, father,Ф said Nick. УWhen will you buy some new ones for me?Ф 12. УI canТt do this exercise: it is too difficult,Ф said Tanya. УWhy didnТt you ask your teacher to explain it?Ф said her brother. 13. УCan you see the lights over there in the distance?Ф said the lighthouse keeper. УYes, I can,Ф said his assistant. УA ship is giving signals.Ф 14. УLetТs play badminton,Ф said Nina. УAll right,Ф said Mike. УI like to play badminton very much.Ф 15. УWill you show me your new flat?Ф said Tom. УOf course,Ф said Becky. УCome to our place tomorrow.Ф 16. УThere is a new film on at our cinema,Ф said Lena. УLetТs go and see it.Ф УNo, I canТt,Ф said Mike. УIТll be busy.Ф 17. УPlease, donТt ask me any more questions,Ф she said to me, УI am very tired. IТll answer all your questions tomorrow.Ф 18. УWhat are you doing here?Ф he cried angrily. 19. My friend said, УRing me up at 6 p.m., please.Ф 20. УWhat disobedient children!Ф he cried with indignation.

 


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