:



Constant




The

Gardener

 

VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR LIST

LANGUAGE UNITS NOTES
1. You caught me skiving. British English informal to avoid work or school by staying away or leaving without permission
2. Diplomacy . points the nations the safest way through country fraught withperil. fraught with problems/difficulties/danger etcfull of problems etc: Their marriage has been fraught with difficulties. peril literary or formal great danger, especially of being harmed or killed:The economy is now in grave peril.
3. Its more diplomatic to bend to the will of a superpower and politely take part in Vietnam, the sequel? Perhaps you know?
4. Youre being paid to apologise for this pathetic country of Britain. Perhaps you know?
5. He can explain to us why weve burnt our diplomatic credentials killing thousands of innocent people just for a photo opportunity of the White House lawn. credentialssomeone's education, achievements, experience etc that prove they have the ability to do something: She had excellent credentials for the job. There are doubts over his credentials as a future Prime Minister. a photo opportunity a chance for someone such as a politician to be photographed for a newspaper in a way that will make them look good
6. You were impassioned. full of strong feeling and emotion: She appeared on television to make animpassioned plea for help. an impassioned speech
7. You tried to protect me. Very feebly. No, you werent feeble. 1 extremely weak: His voice sounded feeble and far away. She was too feeble to leave her room. 2 not very good or effective: a feeble excuse a rather feeble committee
8. It was absolute bollocks. British English spoken informal used to say rudely that you think something is wrong or stupid [= rubbish]: Your lyrics are complete bollocks; they don't actually mean anything, do they? She's just talkinga load of old bollocks.
9. Wriggle. to twist your body from side to side with small quick movements: Stop wriggling and let me put your T-shirt on. He wriggled through the window. The dogwriggled free and ran off.
10. I can imagine you leading the revolution. No, I was very conventional. always following the behaviour and attitudes that most people in a society consider to be normal, right, and socially acceptable, so that you seem slightly boring: a strong believer in conventional morals He is conventional in his approach to life.
11. Take me to Africa with you. What? Roll you up in a rug? Pack you in a tea chest? Id have to smuggle you in as illicit goods. not allowed by laws or rules, or strongly disapproved of by society[↪ illegal]: illicit drugs theillicit trade in stolen cattle
12. If shes H.I.V. positive, chances are you are too. Perhaps you know?
13. You are a voyeur. 1 someone who gets sexual pleasure from secretly watching other people's sexual activities 2 someone who enjoys watching other people's private behaviour or suffering
14. I cant wipe it. Im completely inept with computers. not good at doing something [≠ capable, skilful]: inept leadership He was criticized for his inept handling of the problem.
15. I think its very tangled. 1 twisted together in an untidy mass: Your bedclothes are all tangled up. He had hair like tangled string. 2 complicated or not easy to understand: thetangled web of local politics tangled emotions
16. We are not naming him ditto Che spoken informal used to say that what is true of one thing is also true of another: Where should she go? Mississippi? Too hot. Ditto Alabama.
17. Sir Bernard Pellegrin, hear of F. C. O. Africa desk. Foreign and Commonwealth Office a department of the United Kingdom government. It is responsible for protecting and promoting UK interests worldwide. It was created in 1968 by merging the Foreign Office and the Commonwealth Office.
18. I thought Arnold was going up-country. old-fashioned from a place without many people or towns, especially in the middle of a country
19. There is only one thing Id like to thank Dr. Ngaba for. The free navirapine. Nevirapine (Viramune) is an anti-HIV drug that reduces the amount of virus in the body. Anti-HIV drugs such as nevirapine slow down damage to the immune system and prevent the occurrence of AIDS-defining illnesses .
20. Is that a standard cock-up? British English spoken informal something that has been spoiled by someone's stupid mistake or by being done badly: He'smade a monumentalcock-up of his first assignment. There's been a cock-up over the tickets for the football on Saturday.
21. The squall seems to have passed. a sudden strong wind, especially one that brings rain or snow: snow squalls
22. Its probably saliva. Perhaps you know?
23. Shes raving mad. Youve got to get her to a proper clinic. (stark) raving mad/bonkersinformal completely crazy
24. The pest must eat too, bwana. pest a small animal or insect that destroys crops or food supplies: a chemical used in pest control bwana (in East Africa) a boss or master (often used as a title or form of address): He can't hear you, bwana.
25. Its an outrageous thing. Its almost as if its a marriage of convenience. The only thing its gonna produce is dead offspring. Perhaps you know?
26. Companies are testing their drugs on people who they think are expandable. able to be increased or made larger: a computer with 32Mb RAM expandable to 128Mb RAM
27. Youre drenched. Take those wet things off. covered with a lot of a liquid: I was drenched in sweat. chips drenched in vinegar rain-drenched/sweat-drenched etc He changed out of his rain-drenched clothes.
28. Theyve asked you to rein me in, and youre doing it. 1 to start to control a situation more strictly: The government is reining in public expenditure. 2 to make a horse go more slowly by pulling on the reins
29. Youre just very blasé, arent you? /ˈblɑːzeɪ/ unimpressed with or indifferent to something because one has experienced or seen it so often before: She was becoming quite blasé about the dangers.
30. Hes just ranting. to talk or complain in a loud excited and rather confused way because you feel strongly about something: She was still ranting about the unfairness of it all. Why don't you stopranting and raving for a minute and listen?
31. My continent is staggering under the weight of not one, but three plagues. to walk or move unsteadily, almost falling over [= stumble]: He managed to stagger home. She staggered back a step. The old man staggered drunkenly to his feet.
32. The governments of the USA and Europe, at the behest of pharmaceutical companies that seem to control them, drag their feet and give us endless reasons why we should buy your branded drugs at five, 10, 20 times the price. at the behest of formal because someone has asked for something or ordered something to happen: The committee was set up at the behest of the president. drag your feet/heelsinformal to take too much time to do something because you do not want to do it: The authorities are dragging their feet over banning cigarette advertising.
33. Inside a car and had beenmutilated. to severely and violently damage someone's body, especially by cutting or removing part of it: The prisoners had been tortured and mutilated. extra protection for mental patients who might mutilate themselves
34. Save what is left of me by chucking in your ridiculous sham of a marriage, as I will in mine, and bolting with me to the end of the earth. chuck informal especially British English to throw something in a careless or relaxed way Tania chucked her bag down on the sofa. chuck something into leave your job: He had a job but he chucked it in. I decided tochuck it all in and go to Australia. sham 1. someone or something that is not what they are claimed to be - used to show disapproval: The elections were a complete sham. 2. a cover for a pillow, especially one used for decoration bolt to suddenly run somewhere very quickly, especially in order to escape or because you are frightened: The horse reared up and bolted.
35. He was there when she died. Perhaps he conducted the postmortem. an examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death: The hospital will want to carry out a post-mortem.
36. Isnt that all the more reason to inoculate her child? treat with a vaccine to produce immunity against a disease; vaccinate: He inoculated his tenants against smallpox.
37. They consented to treatment and have family medical entitlement. the official right to have or do something, or the amount that you have a right to receive: Do you need advice on your entitlement to state benefits? The paid holiday entitlement is 25 days.
38. If it threatens British commercial interests, the document would have been shredded. Perhaps you know?
39. Interesting man you got here. Must be the only white caddy in Africa. also caddie someone who carries the golf clubs for someone who is playing golf
40. KDH are waiting for me to default on my Dipraxa commitments. 1 to fail to pay money that you owe at the right time: He defaulted on his child support payments. 2 to not do something that you are supposed to do, especially that you are legally supposed to do
41. Get Her Majestys secret service to pull a few strings. to secretly use your influence with important people in order to get what you want or to help someone else: Francis pulled strings to get him out of trouble.
42. Dont even think about bullying me, old man. 1 to threaten to hurt someone or frighten them, especially someone smaller or weaker 2 to put pressure on someone in order to make them do what you want: Don't let them bully you into working on Saturdays
43. She could be a terrier when she had a scent. the smell of a particular animal or person that some other animals, for example dogs, can follow
44. Weve had some forgeries on the diplomatics.(adjective) 1 [countable] a document, painting, or piece of paper money that has been copied illegally [= fake]: The painting was a very clever forgery. 2 [uncountable] the crime of copying official documents, money etc
45. Sorry, Justin, club rule. No luggage in the dining room. Could you just tuck it into your cubbyhole? tuck to put something into a small space, especially in order to protect, hide, carry, or hold it: Giles was tucking his pile of books under his arm. He took the glasses off and tucked them in his pocket. cubbyhole a very small space or room, used especially for storing things [183545; dial. cub stall, shed]
46. Youre on indefinite sick leave. Enjoy it. Perhaps you know?
47. They took my passport at the airport. Oh, of course. You missed the recall. an official order telling someone to return to a place, especially before they expected to: the recall of their ambassador
48. The sole meuniere is not bad here. sole sole meunierea classic French dish consisting of sole, whole or fillet, that is dredged in milk and flour, fried in butter and served with the resulting brown butter sauce and lemon.
49. Youve been cleared by the way. Cleared of murder most foul. foul a foul smell or taste is very unpleasant [= disgusting]: He woke up with a foul taste in his mouth. He put down his mug offoul-tasting coffee.
PHRASE: Ghost.
To ears of flesh and blood. List, Hamlet, O, list!
If thou didst ever thy dear father love
Hamlet O God!
Ghost. Revenge his foul and most unnatural murder.
Hamlet Murder!
Ghost.Murder most foul, as in the best it is,
But this most foul, strange, and unnatural.

(William Shakespeare (15641616). The Tragedy of Hamlet Prince of Denmark.)

50. Seems you didnt hire contract killers in a den of vice after all. den a place where secret or illegal activities take place: corrupt gambling dens a den of thieves vicecriminal activities that involve sex or drugs: the fight against vice on the streets The police have smashed a vice ring (=a group of criminals involved in vice) in Chicago.
51. Gay men dont rape their women friends. Ive known one or two very savage queens in my time. taboo informal an offensive word for a male homosexual who behaves very like a woman. Do not use this word.
52. [Will] Do you no good to go poking around under rocks. to try to find out information about other people's private lives, business etc, in a way that annoys them Stop poking around in my business!
53. Shouldnt be surprised if youve still got a small Head of Mission in your knapsack. Challenging post. American English a bag that you carry on your shoulders [= backpack, rucksack]
54. Hes a crude sort of chap, but he flies the flag for us. crude lacking tact or taste; offensive or rude, especially in a sexual way [= vulgar]: His language was often crude. fly the flag for1. (of a ship) be registered in a particular country and sail under its flag. 2. represent or demonstrate support for one's country, political party, or organization, especially when one is abroad. He will be flying the flag for British fashion on the Paris catwalks.
55. He got up dear Tessas nose, I fear. (British & Australian informal) to annoy someone: It's the way he follows me around everywhere - it gets right up my nose. To be honest, I prefer not to have to deal with her. She gets up my nose.
56. What letter is that? Ramblings of an aging fart. Senility setting in early, alas. speech or writing that goes on for a long time and does not seem to have any clear organization or purpose: He refused to listen to their mad ramblings.
57. Sorry about the blubbing. Its those bloody Latin genes, you know. to cry noisily, especially in a way that annoys people
58. She loved you rotten. First cousins can be closer than siblings. informal fancy/love somebody rottenBritish English to be extremely attracted to someone (in a sexual way) - used humorously first cousin the son or daughter of an uncle or aunt
59. Look, I am ravenous. Have you had lunch? very hungry [↪ starving]: I'm absolutely ravenous. a ravenous appetite
60. Appetite of a waste disposal. Interpret.
61. Im trying to find out who brokered the marriage. to arrange the details of a deal etc so that everyone can agree to it: a ceasefire agreement brokered by the UN
62. I can get that stuff through her mirror server. mirror serving is utilizing a backup server that duplicates all the processes and transactions of the primary server.
63. Its gonna sell like hotcakes. Perhaps you know?
64. I had a creepy love letter today. Perhaps you know?
65. I cold-bloodedly led on.
66. Ive violated his code In the most cynical way. And the end that justifies my means?... Perhaps you know?
67. Please tell me Im not a ruthless bitch. so determined to get what you want that you do not care if you have to hurt other people in order to do it: a ruthless dictator They have shown a ruthless disregard for basic human rights.
68. Do you still represent that dodgy client in Amsterdam? dishonest or unreliable: a dodgy second-hand car salesman
69. Never say your name on the phone, or the computers will kick in. informal to start or to begin to have an effect: The storm is expected to kick in shortly after sunrise. The painkillers kicked in and he became sleepy.
70. No choice, old chum. informal old-fashioned a good friend: Freddie's an oldschool chum of mine.
71. I suppose I posited that all this was just coincidence. formal to suggest that a particular idea should be accepted as a fact: He posited that each planet moved in a perfect circle.
72. Ive got the address of Aunt Claudia, the old bat in Rome. spoken an unpleasant old woman
73. It seems our erstwhile colleague has disappeared. formal former or in the past: She found herself ostracized by erstwhile friends. his erstwhile allies
74. He describes him as overwrought. very upset, nervous, and worried: Clara was tired and overwrought after all the problems of the last few days.
75. The poor man seems to have convinced himself that there was a conspiracy against Tessa in which we are all complicit. formalinvolved in a crime, together with other people: The careers of officerscomplicit in the cover-up were ruined.
76. Is it a scam? Dypraxa. Does it cure T. B.? informal a clever but dishonest way to get money: He got involved in a credit card scam.
77. Ill spare you the details. Suffice to say, the poor fellow seems to have been tortured to death, which would seem to exonerate him. to state officially that someone who has been blamed for something is not guilty: He was totally exonerated of any blame.
78. Does that mean he wont be able to contribute to tombola? a game in which people pick tickets out of a revolving drum and certain tickets win immediate prizes, typically played at a fete or fair:   Entrance includes a tombola and raffle.
79. Hardly Kennys fault if someone put the word out on him. to tell people a new piece of news: So, the new manager has been appointed - should we put the word around?
80. I expect hell land on his feet. Give him a life peerage. land on ones feet to get into a good situation again, after having problems: She certainly landed on her feet when she got that job. life peerage In the United Kingdom, life peers are appointed members of the peerage, whose titles cannot be inherited, in contrast to hereditary peers (peer a member of the British nobility)
81. I dont take kindly to be blackmailed. to be agreeable to something: My father doesn't take kindly to anyone using his tools. I hope they'll take kindly to our request.
82. Youre the one on the run. a)to be trying to escape or hide, especially from the police wanted criminals on the run from police b)if an army or opponent is on the run, they will soon be defeated c)to be very busy and continuously rushing about: Typical of stress is this feeling of being continuously on the run.
83. Whats the story on that axis of evil? HISTORY: (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) North Korea, Iraq, and Iran when considered together as a perceived threat to world stability [coined by George W Bush, 43rd US President]
84. Tessa was your salvation 1 something that prevents or saves someone or something from danger, loss, or failure: A drug treatment program was Ron's salvation. The Internet turned out to be the salvation of the company. 2 in the Christian religion, the state of being saved from evil
85. They wanted to know what she was up to. Perhaps you know?
86. Dont mess me about. Im doing you a favour. mess smb about/around to cause a lot of problems for someone, especially by changing your mind often and not being completely honest: Don't mess me about - I want the money you promised me.
87. Were marked men. Theyvecalled in my bank loans. marked man a man who is singled out as a target for hostility or attack. He said what they did was wrong and he may well be a marked man now. call in a loan/debt to officially tell someone to pay back money you lent them: The bank can call in the loan at any time.
88. Shes under there, covered in quicklime. a white powder that is made by heating limestone (a type of rock that contains calcium)
89. Lets just say Im going to the wall, I want a trophy. nformal if a company goes to the wall, it fails, especially because of financial difficulties: Many small investors will go to the wall.
90. That Bible-thumping bullshitter, hes doing his penance in the Sudan. something that you must do to show that you are sorry for something you have done wrong, especially in some religions: We prayed and did penance together. as a penance for his sins
91. Sandy told you? He fingered Tessa. 1 to touch or handle something with your fingers: She fingered the beautiful cloth. 2 informal if someone, especially a criminal, fingers another criminal, they tell the police what they have done
92. Silly sodwas besotted with her. sod British English informal not polite a very offensive word for someone, especially a man, who you think is stupid or annoying: Get up, you lazy sod! be besotted with smb to love or want someone or something so much that you cannot think or behave sensibly: He's completely besotted with her.
93. Boss gets wind of something, calls in his head of security informal to hear or find out about something secret or private: You better hope the press doesn't get wind of this.
94. They crucified the poor bugger. 1 British English not polite an offensive word for someone who is very annoying or unpleasant 2 not polite someone that you pretend to be annoyed with, although you actually like or love them: The poor little bugger got an awful shock.
95. Hes a good man, but he pushes God with the pills. a pill pusher a health professional trained in the art of preparing and dispensing drugs
96. Men like wars and hooch. hooch , hootch especially American English informal strong alcohol, especially alcohol that has been made illegally
97. Cherish her, man. to love someone or something very much and take care of them well: In marriage, a man promises to cherish his wife. his mostcherished possession
98. Disposable dugs for disposable patients They have absolutely no shelf life. Safest thing to do is incinerate them. disposable 1 intended to be used once or for a short time and then thrown away: disposable nappies 2 available to be used: disposable resources incinerate formal to burn something completely in order to destroy it: All the infected clothing was incinerated.
99. Blood on their hands? Its how they expiate their guilt. formal to show you are sorry for something you have done wrong by accepting your punishment willingly, or trying to do something to improve what you did: She expiated her crime by becoming a nun.
100. Do you believe an individual can redeem himself by good acts? 1. formal to do something that will improve what other people think of you, after you have behaved badly or failed: He spent the rest of the game trying to redeem himself after a first-minute mistake. 2. to free someone from the power of evil, especially in the Christian religion➔ redeemer
101. African guinea pigs. Cheap trials for unsound drugs. in bad condition: The houses arestructurally unsound.
102. Youd better come with me to the airstrip. a long narrow piece of land that planes can fly from or land on
103. Well take our chances with them. to do something that involves risks: The rope might break, but that's a chance we'll have to take. After losing $20,000 on my last business venture, I'mnot taking any chances this time. He was taking a chance on a relatively new young actor. He decided to take his chances in the boat.
104. [A great man]. Courteous, self-effacing, large of heart. not wanting to attract attention to yourself or your achievements [= modest]: a quiet, self-effacing man
105. Its typical of his discretion. the ability to deal with situations in a way that does not offend, upset, or embarrass people or tell any of their secrets: British newspapers no longer feel they must treat the royal family with discretion.
106. [The only action required] is to keep a tighter rein on your resident harlot. old use a prostitute
107. From those deaths we derive the benefits of civilization. to get something, especially an advantage or a pleasant feeling, from something: Medically, we willderive greatbenefit from this technique. Many students derived enormous satisfaction from the course.

SOURCES:

http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary http://www.thefreedictionary.com http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki http://www.macmillandictionary.com/

 


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: 2015-09-15; : 130; !;





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