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VOCABULARY PRACTICE SECTION 1. 1. Match the terms with the appropriate explanation or definition.

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  2. A. Study the topical vocabulary.
  3. A. Study the vocabulary from Exercises B, E.
  6. Active Vocabulary
  7. Active Vocabulary
  8. Appendix 3 Active vocabulary
  9. B. Draw a parallel between the practice of new product development in different countries. Discuss their advantages and disadvantages.
  10. B. Practice the following conversation with a partner using the substitutions in the box.


1. Match the terms with the appropriate explanation or definition.


1.e software 7a. permanent software programmed into a read-only memory
2.h software license 5b. the set of tools for writing computer programs
3.g software license agreement 4c. a program which executes a specific task, such as word processing, database management or financial planning
4.c application program 8d. a computer software that provides the infrastructure over operating system which programs can operate
5.b programming software 1e. the sets of programs that tell a computer how to do a particular job
6.f system software 6f. software that functions as a conversion or translation layer, also a consolidator and integrator
7.a firmware 3g. a contract between a producer and a purchaser of computer software that is included with software
8.d middleware 2h. a legal instrument governing the usage or redistribution of copyright protected software


2. Complete the text with the words.

advantage keyboard features version processor graphics device commands software

The first (1) version … of Windows provided a new software environment for developing and running applications that use bitmap displays and mouse pointing devices. Before Windows, PC users relied on the MS-DOS® method of typing (2) commands … at the C prompt( приглашение) (C:\). With Windows, users moved a mouse to point and click their way through tasks. In addition, Windows users could switch among several concurrently running applications. The product included a set of desktop applications, including the MS-DOS file management program, a calendar, card file, notepad, calculator, clock, and telecommunications programs, which helped users manage day-to-day activities.

Windows 2.0 took (3) advantage … of the improved processing speed of the Intel 286 (4) processor …, expanded memory, and inter-application communication capabilities(способность) made possible through Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE). With improved graphics support, users could now overlap(совмещение, перекрытие) windows, control screen layout, and use (5) keyboard …. combinations to move rapidly through Windows operations. Many developers wrote their first Windows–based applications for this release. This early Interface Manager product preceded the Windows 1.0 GUI.

The third major release of the Windows platform from Microsoft offered improved performance, advanced (6) graphics … with 16 colors, and full support of the more powerful Intel 386 processor. A new wave of 386 PCs helped drive the popularity of Windows 3.0, which offered a wide range of useful (7) features… and capabilities, including: Program Manager, File Manager, and Print Manager,

A completely rewritten application development environment, An improved set of Windows icons.

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