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PEOPLE WORK AT MANY DIFFERENT JOBS
1. A secretary writes letters, answers the telephone, and meets people. She uses a typewriter every day. She puts papers away in the file cabinet. She stands between her boss to plan his time and to finish his work.
2. Teachers work in schools. They help their students to learn. They order books, explain lessons, give homework, and correct papers. At the end of every term, they grade their students.
3. A porter is a hotel worker who carries the bags of the travelers. He shows the hotel guests to their rooms, and they usually give him some money for his help.
4. A chef works in a hotel or in a restaurant. He plans the meals and cooks the food. He often has helpers to cut vegetables, to bake bread, and to prepare the meat.
5. An artist uses paper, pens, pencils, and paint to make pictures. She draws pictures for books and magazines. Her pictures are easy to understand. The drawings help to explain the ideas in the book.
6. One kind of doctor is a surgeon. He works in a hospital. The surgeon operates on sick people; he repairs their bodies. After the operation, he orders medicine. The surgeon watches his patients until they are well.
7. The letter carrier delivers mail. He walks from house to house with letters and packages in his bag. He also picks up letters from the mailboxes and brings them to the post office.
8. A businessperson works in an office. He plans business activities. He prepares reports and goes to meetings. He learns about buying, selling, and producing things. A businessperson must hire workers to help him.
9. A firefighter tries to prevent fires by inspecting buildings. He asks people to make their houses safe from fire. When a fire starts, he rides to the building in a fire engine. Firefighters hurry to put out fires and to save people.
10. A construction worker puts buildings together. He measures wood and cuts it into pieces. He carries bricks and metal parts. He follows a building plan to make houses, apartments, and stores. Sometimes he repairs buildings, too.
11. A musician usually works with other musicians to make music. Musicians play together in an orchestra. They practice playing their instruments every day. They read new music and play it until it sounds good.
12. Fashion models show us the newest styles of clothes. They put on new clothes and stand in front of cameras. Pictures of models appear in newspapers and in magazines. People see the pictures and want to buy the clothes. Fashion models collect pictures of themselves in a book.
HALLOWE’EN IS A HOLIDAY FOR CHILDREN
Hallowe’en is an autumn holiday that Americans celebrate every year. It means “holy evening,” and it comes every October 31, the evening before All-Saints Day. However, it’s not really a church holiday; it’s a holiday for children.
Every autumn, when the vegetables are ready to eat, children pick large orange pumpkins. Then they cut faces in the pumpkins and put lights inside. It looks like there is a person looking out of the pumpkin! These lights are called jack-o-lanterns, which means “Jack of the lantern.”
The children also put on strange masks and frightening costumes every Hallowe’en. Some children paint their faces to look like monsters. Then they carry boxes or bags from house to house. Every time they come to a new house, they say, “Trick or treat! Money or eat!” The adults put a treat – money or candy – in their bags.
Some children think of other people on Hallowe’en. They carry boxes for UNICEF (The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund). They ask for money to help poor children all around the world. Of course, every time they help UNICEF, they usually receive a treat for themselves, too.
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