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Exercise 54 Read and retell the jokes in the indirect speech.
The teacher was giving her class a lecture on mottoes and wished the class to memorise the motto, ‘It is better to give than to receive.’
A small boy cried out, ‘Yes, Miss, my father says he has always used that as his motto in business.’
‘What is his business?’ the teacher asked.
‘He is a boxer, Miss,’ the boy answered.
An American who has come to England is trying to tell Tommy how great America is.
American: Well, Tommy, America is one of the greatest countries in the world. If you board the train in Texas in the morning, you will still be in Texas next morning. Do you understand me, Tommy?
Tommy: Yes, sir. I understand you. Our trains are just as bad as in England.
Exercise 55 Write the words with a similar meaning on the same line:chubby, dreadful, clever, gorgeous, bright, handsome,
bad – awful, _____
beautiful – _____, _____
fat – _____, _____
intelligent – _____, _____
Exercise 56 Which is the odd one out (=which word is different)?
1. glider, hovercraft, liner, yacht
2. basil, cloves, mint, parsley
3. briefcase, rucksack, shoulder bag, trainers
4. barn, busker, orchard, stable.
U N I T 6
Grammar: Present Participle and Past Participle
Compound Forms of Present Participle
Absolute Participle Construction
Compound Sentences and Types of Subordinate Clauses
Text: Power Supply System
Supplementary text: New Energy from Old Sources
Word Building: -ward(s), -wise; a-; -ure, -ture; dis-, mis-, de-
Exercise 1 Read the following word groups.
[ou] old, sold, cold, gold, bold, fold, slow, sow, low, row, snow, grow, yellow, own, growth, know, show, blow, throw, boat, load, road, soap, throat, coast;
[au] town, down, gown, brown, how, out, house, loud, round, about, amount, pound, ground;
[u:] moon, soon, spoon, tool, pool, too, zoo, food, soup, group;
[u] look, took, good, hook, brook, book;
[A] couple, young, country, trouble, dove, some, won, front, month, mother, brother, come, love, glove, wonder, rough, enough, tough;
[Oi] boy, toy, voice, noise, coin, soil, boil;
[aVr]power, tower, lower, flower, bower;
[O:] door, floor, your, four, pour.
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