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ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
1. 1. well 2. intense 3. brightly 4. fluent 5. fluently 6. smooth 7. accurately 8. bitter 9. soon 10. fast
7. 1. best 2. happiest 3. faster 4. creamiest 5. more colourful 6. better 7. good 8. more awkwardly 9. least 10. prettier 11. the better 12. from 13. less impressive 14. the sicker 15. than 16. twice as much as 17. few 18. much 19. farthest 20. more famous
8. 1. as soon 2. more important 3. as well 4. more expensive
5. as hot 6. more talented 7. more colourful 8. happier 9. worse
9. I. than 2. than 3. from 4. than 5. as 6. than 7. as 8. than 9. than 10. from
8. 1. some 2. some, any 3. any, some 4. any 5. some, any
6. some, any 7. any, some 8. Some, some 9. any 10. any, any
11. Any 12. some/any 13. any, any 14. Some, some 15. any 16. some 17. any/some 18. any 19. any 20. Any 21. some 22. some, some 23. some~24. any 25. any, some/any 26. Any 27. any 28. some 29. some 30. some 31. any 32. some 33. any 34. some, some 35. any 36. some/any, some
17. 1. another or the other or another one or the other one 2. another 3. the other 4. the others 5. the others, other 6. another, another, the others 7. the other 8. another, another, another or the other 9. others, the others, other 10. the other
21. (In some of the answers the relative pronoun is enclosed in brackets; this means that it can be omitted. The answers given are not necessarily the only possible answers to the questions. Notice carefully the presence or absence of commas.)
1. (a) The 8.10 is the train (which/that) Mr Black usually catches, (b) The 8.40 is the train (which/that) he caught today.
(c) Mr White is a man who usually travels up with Mr Black.
(d) Mr Brown is the man whose paper Mr White borrowed.
(e) Mr Black usually catches the 8.10, which is a fast train (f) Today he missed the 8.10, which annoyed him very much, (g) He caught the 8.40, which doesn't get in till 9.40.
2. (a) The brown umbrella was the one (which/that) Mr Penn left at home today or the one (which/that) he didn't take today, (b) The black umbrella was the one (which/that) he took or the one (which/that) he left on the bus. (c) The blue umbrella was the one (which/that) Mr Penn took by mistake, (d) Mr Count was the man whose umbrella Mr Penn took
3. (a) Malta is the place Tom and Jack wanted to go to/went to or Malta is the place to which Tom and Jack wanted to go. (b) The Blue Skies Agency is the agency Tom went to or the agency to which Tom went, (c) The Blue Seas Agency is the agency Jack went to or the agency to which Jack went, (d) The MS Banana is the ship Jack travelled on/in or the ship on/in which Jack travelled, (e) Julia is the girl (who(m)/that) Jack met on board, (f) Tom liked flying, so he went to the Blue Skies Agency, who booked or Tom, who liked flying, went etc. (g) Jack, who hated flying, went to the Blue Seas Agency, who booked
4. (a) George and Paul were (the) two men who were working on Mr Jones's roof, (b) Bill was a/the burglar who saw them going away or who stole the jewellery etc. (c) Tom was a student who lodged with Mr Jones, (d) Mrs Jones was the lady whose jewellery was stolen, (e) Mr and Mrs Smith were the people the Joneses were playing cards with or the people with whom the Joneses were playing cards, (f) the ladder Bill climbed up or up which he climbed, (g) the window he climbed through or through which he climbed, (h) the screwdriver he used or the screwdriver he opened the drawer with or with which he opened etc. (i) George and Paul, who were working on the roof, left the ladder, (j) Mr and Mrs Jones, who were out playing cards, knew nothing, (k) Bill, whose fingerprints were on the screwdriver, was later caught
5. (a) The Greens are the people Ann works for or for whom Ann works, (b) The 12.10 was the train (which/that) Ann caught or the train (that/which) Ann came up on. (c) The 12.30 was the train (which/that) Tom met. (d) Peter was a boy (who(m)/that) Ann met on the train, (e) Paul was the boy (who(m)/that) Mary had come to meet or the boy (who(m)/that) Mary was waiting for (f) The Intrepid Fox is the bar where Tom usually goes for lunch or the bar Tom usually goes to for lunch or the bar where Tom usually has his lunch, (g) Mrs Green, who thought Ann looked tired, gave her (h) Peter, who hated eating by himself, hoped (i) Tom.
who had only an hour for lunch, couldn't wait (j) Mary, whose boyfriend didn't turn up, ended by (k) Tom and Ann wasted half an hour at the station, which meant (1) Tom and Ann very nearly missed one another, which shows
22. (Relatives in brackets may be omitted.)
1. for the present (which/that) you sent 2. She was dancing with a student who had or The student with whom she was dancing 3. I'm looking after some children who are or The children I'm looking after are 4. The bed I sleep on has 5. Romeo and Juliet were two lovers whose parents 6. There wasn't any directory in the box (which/that) I was phoning from 7. This is Mrs Jones, whose son 8. The chair (which/that) I was sitting on collapsed or The chair on which I was sitting collapsed
9. Mr Smith, whom I had come especially to see, was too busy
10. The man (who(m)/that) I had come to see was 11. I missed the train (which/that) I usually catch and had to travel on the next, which was 12. His girlfriend, whom he trusted absolutely, turned out 13. The car (which/that) we were in had bad brakes and the man who was driving didn't know 14. This is the story of a man whose wife suddenly loses 15. the frontier, which will be 16. a small girl whose hand had been cut 17. into a queue of people, four of whom. 18. refugees, many of whom 19. The man (who(m)/that) I was waiting for didn't or the man for whom I was 20. in patched jeans, which surprised the guests, most of whom were 21. The firm (which/that) I work for is sending
22. The Smiths, whose house had been destroyed, were given
23. I saw several houses, most of which were 24. at 2 a.m., which didn't suit me 25. a group of boys whose plane 26. The string (that/which) they tie the parcels up with 27. his students, most of whom were 28. for 12 eggs, four of which were 29. The people (who(m)/that) he was speaking to didn't know or The people to whom he was speaking 30. The boy (who(m)/that) Peter shared a flat with was or Peter shared a flat with a boy who 31. four very bad tyres, one of which burst 32. the wonderful view (which/that) she had been told about 33. by a man (who(m)/that) I met on a train 34. The bar (which/that) I was telephoning from was or the bar from which I was telephoning was 35. The man who answered the phone said 36. The horse (which/that) I was on kept stopping to at
23. 1. Tom, who had been driving all day, was tired 2. Ann who had been sleeping, felt 3. Paul, whose tyres were new' wanted 4. Jack, whose tyres were old, wanted 5. Mary, who didn't know about mountains, thought 6. to his manager, who passed 7. were thieves, which turned out 8. the Chief of Police who ordered 9. dry bread, most of which was 10. a prisoner whose handcuffs rattled 11. a fire, which soon dried 12. across the Atlantic, which had never 13. a bus-load of children, six of whom were 14. refuses to use machines, which makes 15. I met Mary, who asked 16. prayed aloud all night, which kept 17. and in deep water the next, which makes it unsafe 18. Mary, whose children couldn't swim, said 19. Ann, whose children could swim well, said 20. cleaning ten windows, most of which 21. Jack, whose injuries were very slight, is being allowed to play, which is a good thing 22. Tom, whose leg is still in bandages, will have to 23. didn't get a seat, which out him in a temper and caused him to be rude to his junior partner, who in turn 24. Tom, who had a hangover, felt 25. His boss, who didn't drink, saw 26. The report, which should have been on his desk by 2.00, still hadn't arrived 27. Tom, whose headache was now much worse, put down receiver without answering, which
28. Ann, who liked Tom, came 29. the report, which should have taken an hour and a half, took 30. to Munich, which 31. The headwaiter, whose name was Tom, said ... recognition, which disappointed Mr Jones, who looked 32. with Lucy, whom he was particularly anxious to
24. 1. what, which 2. which 3. what, what 4. which 5. which 6. what, which 7. which 8. what 9. which 10. which 11. which 12. which 13. what 14. what 15. which 16. which, what 17. which 18. what 19. what 20. which 21. which 22. what 23. which 24. which 25. which 26. which 27. what 28. which
29. what, which 30. which, which 31. which 32. which 33. what, which 34. which 35. what 36. what
25. 1. Whatever 2. wherever 3. whatever 4. wherever 5. Whichever 6. Whoever 7. whenever 8. however 9. Whoever 10. whichever 11. whoever 12. However 13. whatever 14. however 15. Whenever 16. whoever 17. whoever 18. However 19. whatever 20. Whenever 21. whoever 22. whichever, whoever 23. whatever, whichever 24. Whoever
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