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Exercise 1. Read and translate into Ukrainian. See the Introduction for details.





The Constitution requires the president to be a native-born American citizen (1)at least 35 years of age. Candidates for the presidency (2)are chosen by political parties several months before the presidential election (3), which is held every four years (in years divisible evenly by four) on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. The Twenty-second Amendment, ratified in 1951, limits the president to two terms of office (see also Addendum 5).

The vice president serves concurrently with the president. In addition to holding the right of succession (4), the vice president is the presiding officer of the Senate (5). The Twenty-fifth Amendment, adopted in 1967, amplifies the process of presidential succession. It describes the specific conditions under which the vice president is empowered to take over the office (6)of president if the president should become incapacitated (7). It also provides for resumption of the office (8)by the president in the event of his recovery. In addition, the amendment enables the president to name a vice president, with congressional approval, when the second office is vacated.

The Constitution gives Congress the power to establish the order of succession (9)after the vice president. At present, should both the president and vice president vacate their offices, the speaker of the House of Representatives would assume the presidency (10). Next comes the president pro tempore of the Senate (a senator elected by that body to preside in the absence of the vice president), and then cabinet officers in designated order (11).

The seat of government (12)is Washington, D.C. (the District of Columbia), a federal enclave located between the states of Maryland and Virginia on the eastern seaboard. The White House, both residence and office of the president, is located there.


 

1. громадянин Америки, народ-жений у Сполуче-них Штатах

2. посада Прези-дента

3. президентські вибори

4. права наступ-ництва президе-нтства

5. головувати в Сенаті

6. перебрати по-
саду

7. неспромож-ний

8. повернення на посаду

9. послідовність обіймання посади Президента

10. перебирати владу (посаду пре-зидента)

11. за визначеним порядком

12. місце перебу-вання уряду



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