Russia gives strong backing to US

  1. A Balance Sheet on Russian Taxes
  2. A) Practise using the words and word combinations in bold type to make other comparisons between some two-four regions of Russia. Write your best sentences down.
  3. Comment on the meaning of the modal verbs and translate the sentences into Russian;
  4. Commercial Banks in Russia
  6. Eastern Europe / Russia Ki-Aikido Federation
  7. Ex. 12. Translate into Russian in written form.
  8. Ex. 18. Translate the text into Russian in written form.
  9. Ex. 3. Translate into Russian.
  10. From the columns and translate them into Russian.
1. To go beyond (the limit) a. Something that you do that helps to achieve something or to make it successful
2. Contribution to b. To feel certain that something is true
3. To express confidence c. The process of looking for people who are lost and may need medical treatment.
4. To avoid casualties d. Not belonging to the armed forces or the police
5. Intelligence e. Not to go further away than something else
6. A search and rescue mission f. Information collected about the secret plans and activities of a foreign government, enemy etc.
7. Civilian g. To make everything possible to prevent the death of people



November; Group 2: , , , ;Book: Reading Newspapers and discussing international politics; Unit 3, Pages 43-45

The material gathered by: Vischnyakova Y, Churkina Natalia, Churkina Julia, Mishurova Evgenia, Michailova Kate


Exercise 1.


1. Find suitable words from the active vocabulary for these definitions

2. Open the book, pp.43-44 and find 8 words from the text in the table.

3. Give the definitions to the following words. Match.

4. Please choose the right word or phrase and fill the gaps


e s t i m a t e a u
o g t n e m s s s n
v t n d e t e e s p
e r o n c e r m e r
r a i e S y y i l e
n n t r T T o n b d
a s i r A R o e a i
n c e e t e d y t c


Open the book, pp.43-44 and find 8 words from the text in the table.

.., .. Reading Newspapers and discussing international politics. Unit 3.Conflicts, wars, terrorism. Page 43-45. Interstate conflicts


Exercise 2

.Please choose the right word or phrase and fill the gaps. Mind the grammar. Each word or phrase should be used only once. You have 8 minutes.

Active: to adjust to, to estimate, unpredictable, an assessment, governance, transition, to cast doubt on, to prone to miscalculation, build up, a deterrence, a cruise missile, to expand its influence, superiority

Passive: to assert(), to deploy(), an assault, a warhead, a scarce resource, a shorter-range missile, naval, a military objective

Over the next 15 years, the international system will have to (1). changing power relationships in key regions.

China's potential. (2).. of China beyond five years are (3)... Some projections indicate that Chinese power will rise because of the growth of its economic and military capabilities. Other (4). (passive) indicate that political, social, and economic pressures will increasingly challenge the stability and legitimacy of the regime. Most (5).. today argue that China will seek to avoid conflict in the region to promote stable economic growth and to ensure internal stability. A strong China, others (6).(passive), would seek to adjust regional power arrangements to its advantage, risking conflict with neighbors and some powers external to the region. A weak China would increase prospects for criminality, narcotics trafficking, illegal migration, WMD proliferation, and widespread social instability.

Russia's decline. By 2015, Russia will be challenged even more than today to adjust its expectations for world leadership to the sharply reduced resources it will have to play that role. The quality of Russian (7) is an open question as is whether the country will be able to make the (8).. in a manner that preserves rather than breaks regional stability.

India's prospects. India will strengthen its role as a regional power, but many uncertainties about the effects of global trends on its society (9) how far India will go. India faces growing extremes between wealth and poverty, a mixed picture on natural resources, and problems with internal governance.

The changing dynamics of state power will combine with other factors to affect the risk of conflict in various regions. Changing military capabilities will be prominent among the factors that determine the risk of war. In South Asia, for example, that risk will remain fairly high over the next 15 years. India and Pakistan are both (10). Both will continue to (11).. their nuclear and missile forces.

India most likely will expand the size of its nuclear-capable force. Pakistan's nuclear and missile forces also will continue to increase. Islamabad has publicly claimed that the number of nuclear weapons and missiles it (12) (passive) will be based on "minimum" (13) and will be independent of the size of India's arsenal. A noticeable increase in the size of India's arsenal, however, would prompt Pakistan to further increase the size of its own arsenal.

Russia will be unable to maintain conventional forces that are both sufficient and modern or to project significant military power with conventional means. The Russian military will increasingly rely on its declining strategic and theater nuclear arsenals to deter or, if deterrence fails, to counter large-scale conventional (14) (passive) Russian territory.

Moscow will maintain as many strategic missiles and associated nuclear (15)(passive) as it believes it can afford but well below START I or II limitations. The total Russian force by 2015, including air launched (16)., probably will be below 2,500 warheads.

Russia will invest (17). (passive) in selected and secretive military technology programs, especially WMD, hoping to counter Western conventional and strategic (18).

China by 2015 will have deployed tens to several tens of missiles with nuclear warheads targeted against the United States, mostly more survivable land- and sea-based mobile missiles. It also will have hundreds of shorter-range ballistic and cruise missiles for use in regional conflicts. Some of these (19) (passive) will have nuclear warheads; most will be armed with conventional warheads as ballistic missile defense.

China will be exploiting advanced weapons and production technologies acquired from abroad Russia, Israel, Europe, Japan, and the United States that will enable it to integrate (20)(passive) and air capabilities against Taiwan and potential adversaries in the South China Sea. In the event of a peaceful resolution of the Taiwan issue, some of China's (21).(passive) such as protecting the sea lanes for Persian Gulf oil could become closer to those of the United States. Nevertheless, as an emerging regional power, China would continue to (22). without regard to US interests.


Exercise 3


1) What do you know about WMD?

2)What do you know about START I?

3)Give the definitions to the following words.Match.


1) Conflict

2) To maintain

3) Forces

4) To expand

5) Enable


7) Stable




A) a weapon that travels under its own power for long distances and explodes when it hits its target

B) to become larger in size and fill more space

C) a countrys army, navy, and air force

D) not changing frequently and not likely to suddenly become worse

E) to make something stay the same

F) happening or existing now

G) angry disagreement between people or groups

H) the fact that something is legal

I) to give someone the ability or opportunity to do something


Exercise 4.


Find suitable words from the active vocabulary for these definitions:

1) the fact that one person or thing is better, more powerful etc than another

2) something that you plan to achieve, especially in businessor work

3) to make something seem less certain, good, or real

4) forces capable of conducting operations using nonnuclear weapons

5) to have greater effect on smth

6) a nuclear missile that is controlled by a computer and can travel very long distances.

7) an amount that you guess or calculate using theinformation available

8) to be likely to make a mistake in calculating numbers

9) the action of solving a problem or dealing with a disagreement in a satisfactory way

10)the process of making a judgment orforming an opinion, after considering something orsomeone carefully

11) to control what something will be

12) a sudden increase in number of weapons of mass destruction

13) as much as is needed

14)the idea that the possession of a particular weapon will make other countries afraid to attack the country that owns it

15) to make something increase

16) changing often, in a way that is impossible to prepare for

17) the process of governing a country or organization

18) the process of changing from one situation, form, or state to another


November; Group 4: Vischnyakova Y, Churkina Natalia, Churkina Julia.; Book: Reading Newspapers and discussing international politics; Unit 3, Conflicts, wars, terrorism, Section B, p.39 - Big powers have little sway when rival civilizations clash

The material gathered by: Vischnyakova Y, Churkina Natalia, Churkina Julia, Mishurova Evgenia, Michailova Kate


: 2015-09-14; : 6;

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